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TH Italian Res

Theatre History, Italian Renaissance

Pastorals a literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.
Intermezzi A comic play with music performed between the acts, popular in the 16th and 17th centuries in France and Italy.
Lazzi stage tricks designed to evoke laughter which, often as not, are altogether extraneous to the plot, i.e. slapstick, or the even less dignified "schtick."
Zibaldoni manuscripts compiled by commedia actors containing jokes, comic buisness and repeated scenes and speeches.
Sacra rappresentazione "sacred representations" religious dramas in medevil style, stories from bible and saints
Perspective Illusion of depth in painting
Teatro Olimpico oldest surviving theatre constructed during italian renaissance. 1st indoor theatre, persepective
Teatro Farnese part of a court, first procineum arch.
Angled wing Flats hinged in a fixed position and painted in perspective, placed one behind the other
Flat wing a non angled wing, parrallel to audeience. painted in perspective
I Gelosi a famous commedia acting company, all family
Humanism A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome.
verisimilitude true to life
Libretto The text of a dramatic musical work, such as an opera.
Sebastiano Serlio Introduced perspective, angled wings, raked stage, 1st set designer?
Giacomo Torelli "great wizard" developed "pole and chariot" system, theatre designer
Franceso and Isabella Andreini members of I Gelosi, famous actors
Julius Caesar Scaliger dramatic critic, decorum and verisimilitude
Why did the Renaissance start in Italy first? Growth of trade and rise of the merchent class
What explains the renewal of interest in classical dramatic traditions in this period? Revival of teaching Greek, Fall of constantanople, publication of classic plays, Aristotle and Horace, Latin knockoffs
What are the differences between the flat wing groove system and the pole-and chariot system? Flat wing groove: Flats slide along grooves in floor to be pulled and pushed Pole and Chariot: Brings the flats on without people, uses mechanisms underneith the stage to pull the flats
What are some of conventions of Commedia dell' arte? Sources conjectural, not literary form, stock characters, lazzi & zibaldoni, organized companies
Who were some of the memorable Commedia stock characters? Pantalone: lecherious miserly venetian. Capitano: cowardly, braggart soldier. Dotte: foolish pendent, nosey. Zanni: servents, sly and foolish
What are some of the possible origins of the proscenium arch? bigger thyromata, frame of painting, triumph arches
What were the 'rules' and 'unities' of neoclassical dramatic criticism? Time, PLace, and Action
What were the three locations Serlio designed for? Tradgic: street of stately houses. Comic: common street scene. Pastoral: trees, hills, cottages.
Created by: hioo1