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Planning Timeline 2

AICP 2011 Timeline of American Planning History 1900-1930

The legislative basis for the revision of city codes that outlawed tenements such as the "Dumbbell Tenement." Lawrence Veiller was the leading reformer. New York State Tenement House Law 1901
Created fund from sale of public land in the arid states to supply water there through the construction of water storage and irrigation works. U.S. Reclamation Act 1902
First English Garden City and a stimulus to New Town movement in America (Greenbelt Towns, Columbia, etc.). Letchworth 1903
Appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt to propose rules for orderly land development and management. Public Lands Commission 1903
1st law to institute fed prot for preserving archaeological sites. Provided Nat Monument designation for areas already in the public domain that contained hist landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and objects of historic or scientific interest Antiquities Act of 1906
Fostered movement, led by its secretary, Benjamin Marsh, to decentralize New York's dense population New York Committee on the Congestion of Population 1907
Established by Pres Roosevelt to encourage multipurpose planning in waterway development: navigation, power, irrigation, flood control, water supply. Inland Waterway Commission 1907
State governors, federal officials, and leading scientists assemble to deliberate about the conservation of natural resources. White House Conservation Conference 1908
First National Conference on City Planning Washington, DC 1909
First metropolitan plan in the United States. (Key figures: Frederick A. Delano, Charles Wacker, Charles Dyer Norton.) Daniel Burnham's Plan of Chicago 1909
Taught possibly the first course in city planning in this country, which was inaugurated in Harvard College's Landscape Architecture Department. James Sturgis Pray 1909
The US Supreme Court upholds municipal regulation of building heights. This validated the use of construction standards to uphold public safety. Welch v. Swasey 1909
Published by Frederick Winslow Taylor. fountainhead of the efficiency movements in this country, including efficiency in city government. The Principles of Scientific Management 1911
Walter D. Moody's book is adopted as an eigthgrade textbook on City Planning by the Chicago Board of Education. Possibly the first formal instruction in city planning below the college level. "Wacker's Manual of the Plan of Chicago" 1912
One of the principal promoters of the World's Columbian Exposition. A chair in Civic Design was created for him, a first of its kind in the U.S.,in the University of Illinois's Department of Horticulture. Charles Mulford Robinson 1913
Written by Flavel Shurtleff, the first major textbook on city planning. Carrying Out the City Plan 1914
Completed and opened to world commerce. Panama Canal 1914
eventually the country's best known planning consultant, becomes the first full-time employee in Newark, New Jersey, of a city planning commission. Harland Bartholomew 1914
the US Supreme Court upheld a municipal regulation that governed the placement of land uses. Hadacheck v. Sebastian 1915
Published by Patrick Geddes, "Father of Regional Planning" and mentor of Lewis Mumford. Cities in Evolution 1915
Published by Nelson P. Lewis. Planning of the Modern City 1916
adopted by New York City Board of Estimates under the leadership of George McAneny and Edward Bassett, known as the "Father of Zoning." Nation's first comprehensive zoning resolution. 1916
established with sole responsibility for conserving and preserving resources of special value. National Park Service 1916
first president of newly founded American City Planning Institute, forerunner of American Institute of Planners and American Institute of Certified Planners. Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. 1917
Influenced later endeavors in public housing. Operated at major shipping centers to provide housing for World War I workers. U.S. Housing Corporation and Emergency Fleet Corporation 1918
Formed by the combination of three early unifunctional regional authorities--the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission, the Metropolitan Water Board and the Metropolitan Park Commission-- Boston Metropolitan District Commission 1919
Designated by the City of New Orleans. It was the first historic preservation commission in the U.S. Vieux Carre Commission 1921
First of its kind in the United States. (Hugh Pomeroy, head of staff.) Los Angeles County Regional Planning Commission 1922
Inaugurated under Thomas Adams. Regional Plan of New York 1922
Development in suburban Cincinnati.Mary Emery was its founder and benefactor; John Nolen, the planner. Some of its features (short blocks, mixture of rental and owner-occupied housing) foreshadow the contemporary New Urbanism movement. Mariemont, Ohio 1923
The first decision to hold that a land use restriction constituted a taking. The S.C. noted property may be regulated to a certain extent. if regulation goes too far it will be recognized as a taking. acknowledges the principle of a regulatory taking. Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon. 1922
Issued by U.S. Department of Commerce under Secretary Herbert Hoover Standard State Zoning Enabling Act. 1924
a planned neighborhood designed by Clarence Stein and Henry Wright, is built by City Housing Corporation under Alexander Bing in Queens, New York. Sunnyside Gardens, 1924-1928
influential essays on regional planning by Lewis Mumford and other members of the Regional Planning Association of America (e.g., Catherine Bauer). "Regional Plan" issue of Survey Graphic 1925
becomes first major American city officially to endorse a comprehensive plan. (Alfred Bettman, Ladislas Segoe). Cincinnati, Ohio 1925
Publishes "Concentric Zone" model of urban structure and land use Ernest Burgess 1925
Published by The American City Planning Institute and The National Conference on City Planning. Ancestor of present-day JAPA. Vol. 1, No. 1 of City Planning 1925
Constitutionality of zoning upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court. (Case argued by Alfred Bettman.) Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty 1926
Issued by Dept of Commerce under Secretary Herbert Hoover. Standard City Planning Enabling Act. 1928
Monograph by Robert Haig published in Volume I of The Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs. Viewed land use as a function of accessibility. "Major Economic Factors in Metropolitan Growth and Arrangement" 1928
the US Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional a local zoning ordinance that was not reasonably tied to a valid public purpose under the police power. Nectow v. City of Cambridge 1928
Planned community inspired by Howard's Garden City concept and designed by Stein and Wright. A forerunner of the New Deal's Greenbelt towns. Radburn, New Jersey 1928
Concept published in published in Volume VII of The Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs Clarence Perry's Neighborhood Unit 1929
Wisconsin law authorized county boards "to regulate, restrict and determine the areas within which agriculture, forestry and recreation may be conducted." First instance of rural zoning 1929
Stock market crash in October ushers in Great Depression and fosters ideas of public planning on a national scale. 1929
Created by: yoshebelle