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History 7 Chap 10

BJU History 7th grade

*Did many Pacific Islands trade with each other even before the Europeans arrived? yes
*Did Bougainville start in southern India and sail east unlike other explorers? no
Were most of the Pacific Islands heavily colonized by Europeans? no
Did Philibert Commerson (a naturalist) name a flower after his captain? yes
Were Aborigine artists known for their realistic landscape art? no
Have all the islands in the Pacific declared their independence since World War II? no
Did many of the convicts who went to Australia eventually become profitable citizens? yes
Were the Aborigines rarely hostile to early settlers even though they fought among themselves? yes
Who did Admiral Peary beat to the North Pole? Roald Amundsen
Who attempted to cross Australia's Blue Mountains? Gregory Blaxland
Who was General Montcalm's aid in Canada? Louis Antoine de Bougainville
Who was the first white man to have peaceful contact with the Maoris of New Zealand? James Cook
Who theorized that the first Polynesians came from South America, not Asia? Thor Heyerdahl
Who was the captain of the First Fleet to Australia? Arthur Phillips
Who was commissioned by the Dutch to search for the unknown southern land? Abel Tasman
What is the federal capital of Australia? Canberra
Name the 1,250-mile series of coral reefs off Australia's eastern shore. Great Barrier Reef
Who was the most well known explorer of the Pacific? James Cook
What continent was Captain Cook the first man to sail completely around? Antarctica
What food did Captain Cook use to fight scurvy? sauerkraut
Which Pacific Island group got it's name because of the size of the islands? Micronesia
What name did the Dutch give to the land they claimed in Australia? New Holland
What islands did Mendana named for the great riches he thought were there? Solomon Islands
List 3 features of a high island. consistent moisture, available fresh water, and fertile volcanic soil
What did Marshall Islanders use wicker charts for? to show the patterns of ocean swells
Name the Australian colony that was first settled by the British. New South Wales
Name 3 problems that the First Fleet faced. they weren't skilled laborers, most of their flour and grain was ruined, and eucalyptus & gum trees ruined their axes
Why was Bougainville's settlement on the Falkland Islands short-lived? It was in conflict with English and Spanish claims
Name 3 Pacific Island groupings. Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia
Australia Day is celebrated on the date that what happened? The First Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove.
Why did Ptolemy believe that there was a large landmass in the Southern Hemisphere? Without it, the world would topple over.
The word "aborigine" comes from the Latin words meaning what? "from the desert"
Who did other explorers become accustomed to taking with them based on Bougainville's example? a naturalist and an astronomer
Who was Australia's main trading partner before World War II? England
Many philosophers of the Enlightenment thought of this place as an unspoiled paradise. Tahiti
After being missionaries in the Cook Islands, where did the Chalmerses become missionaries to? New Guinea
Who was fair and generous in his treatment of the natives, unlike most explorers? James Cook
Each country with a coastline on an ocean has an Exclusive Economic Zone of how far? 200 miles
**Essay question: What problems in the Pacific Islands proved that they were not the "perfect" society that philosophers believed they were? -
**Essay question: Australia's modern concerns involve trade, civil rights, and the environment. Explain the concerns of one of these areas. -
Created by: amcollins
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