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SS Ch. 10 vocab

Plaintiff an individual or group of people who bring a complaint against another party.
defendant the party who answers a complain and defends against it
prosecution a governemtn body that brings a criminal charge against a defendant who is accused of breaking one of its laws
precedent a guideline for how all similar cases should be handled in the future.
original jurisdiction the authority to hear a case first
appeal to ask a higher court to review the decision and determine if justice was done
appellate jurisdiction the authority to hear an appeal
courts of appeal courts that handle appeals from the federal district courts
circuit courts the courts of appeals
judicial review the power to overturn any law that the court decides is in conflict with the Constitution
opinion a written statement explaining the reasons for the decision
judicial activism an effort by judges to take an active role in policymaking by overturning laws relatively often.
judicial restraint an effort by judges to aviod overturning laws and to leave policymaking up to the other two branches of government
Created by: Miranda Page