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Civics midterm

Stack #59595

- a person who owes allegiance to the government and the government protects them. Citizens
A permanent institution made up of decision makers who compose a society’s rules about how to resolve conflicts and have the authority to enforce rules. government
number of births per 1000 people during one year. Birth Rate
- a limit on the number of immigrants who may come to the United States each year. quotas
- an official count of population that also looks at age, sex, race, occupation and other characteristics in the United States every 10 years. census
- The number of deaths per 1,000 persons during one year. Death Rate
people who flee their homeland and seek refuge in another nation for the reason of hardship or have been expelled by the government. refugees
A claim of membership in a nation. citizenship
A scientist who studies growth size density and distribution of human populations. Demographer
citizenship to all persons born in the US. native born citizen
the legal process by which aliens become American citizens. The constitution grants congress authority over naturalization. naturalized citizen
The process of moving usually permanently to another country. emigration
unfair actions taken against someone because he or she belongs to a particular group. descrimination
the act of coming to a nation in which one is not a native to settle as a permanent resident. imigration
an individual born abroad and living in the US and no a citizen of the US aliens
a person who comes into a country to take up permanent resident. imigrant
basic beliefs or standards of conduct that people attempt to live up to ideals
The musts and are required by law. Ex: taxes, serve as on jury, obey laws duties
The should and are not required by law are accepted and carried out by citizens Ex. Voting, being active in a political party. responsibility
The birth rate is greater than the death rate. natural population increase
the death rate is greater than the Death Rate natural population decrease
is part of Department of homeland security. It Regulates immigration policy for the US. It’s primary purpose is to set standards for immigration services, policies. USCIS, United States Citizenship and Immigration Service
a symbol for American immigrants seeking opertunity to start new life. Statue of Liberty
Where is the Statue of Liberty Located? Ellis Island
What was Ellis Island once called? Liberty Island
addition of new lands and people annexation
The process of shipping people out of a nation because of Crime or illegal alien matters deportation
someone belonging to another country entering a country with out properly registering illegal alien
A general pardon for offenders by the government. amnesty
The process in which an American citizen chooses to remove denaturalization
A group of officers who patrol the borders of the US to keep out illegal aliens regulated by homeland security. border patrol
A group of people who takes the law into their own hands vigulante
– recruiting, harboring, obtaining, training, and transporting people by use of force or fraud by the purpose of subjecting them to involuntary acts such as labor. human trafficing
– To renounce one’s allegiance to one’s country of birth expatriation
Compare and Contrast the duties and responsibilities. Duties are things that must be done like taxes. If you don't you will be arrested. Responsibilites are just things that you should do. like voteing. They are simiar in that they both deal with government
What is the method of the Census? It is taken every ten years tells basic information about all citizens, first the census bureau compiles all the addresses, it takes about 9 months to get the totals. They then redraw the congressional districts
short of going to war, _____ is the US's biggest undertaking. census
What is the Purpose of the Census? The census is taken every 10 years and counts the number of people in the United States and it’s territories.
What are the difficulties of the Census. Birth and Death Rate, homeless, people in transit, illegal aliens
List the ways of becomeing a citizen Native born, and naturalization
List the steps to naturalization declaration of intention, petition of naturalization, court appearance, examination, citizenship granted
What are some of the dificulties for citizens There are prejudices against minority groups, there are quotas
a written plan of government for a nation. Constitution
Popular views and ideas on how a citizen should act Ideals
a key document of American freedom, adopted on July 4, 1776, declaring the 13 American colonies to be free and independent of Great Britian Declaration of Independence
: our nation’s first written plan of government, in effect from 1781 to 1789. Articles of Confederation
the meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 at which the Constitution of the United States was written. Constitutional Convention
: The men who founded the U.S. by writing/ adopting the Constitution. Founding Fathers
the lawmaking body of Great Britain. Parliment
: a lawmaking body consisting of two houses. bicameral
a lawmaking body consisting of one house. unicameral
the agreement reached by the Constitutional Convention that all states should have equal representation in the Senate and be represented according to the size of their population in the house. Great Compromise
to change; a written change or addition in the Constitution. Amend
to approve; approval of the Constitution in 1787 or of a constitutional amendment. Ratification
the plan of government approved in 1789 to be the “supreme law of the land”. Constitution of The United States
: the way in which the powers of government are balanced, or divided, among three branches, so that each branch may check, or limit, the other branches. Checks and Balances
: the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, which set forth the basic rights, or freedoms, guaranteed to all Americans. Bill of Rights
: the traditional ways of doing things in our federal government that are seldom written down or made into laws. Unwritten Constitution
violation of allegiance to one’s country. Treason
a body of representatives who met and approved the Declaration of Independence. Second Continental Congress
The place where the 1st and 2nd continental congress were held Philidelphia, Independence Hall
Predecessor to the U.S. Bill of Rights. Outlined new rights for the English people such as “no taxation without representation.” English Bill of Rights
A piece of paper that gives some power to the People. Magna Carta
A trade Between England, Africa, and the colonies. It consisted of Rum, slavery, and molasas Triangle Trade
an introduction to a document Preamble
a list of mistakes or bad things that someone has done Grievences
A group of People united on an issue Confederation
the meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 at which the Constitution of the United States was written. Constitutional Convention
The constitution forms a government that has the _________ Concent of the Governed
A system of Goverment that divides the Power between the State and Federal government Federalisim
Organization formed with similar ideas and opinions Federation
a series of essays that attempts to interpret explain and defend the Constitution Federalisis Papaers
: Large states plan for a bicameral congress with representation to be based on population. Virginia Plan
: Small states plan for a unicameral congress with equal representation. New Jersey Plan
system relates to the government’s role in economy. government has ownership of the countries basic goods and services. The government would control and own communication service, transportation services, health care , power companies. Socialism
a political system in which the ownership of all products and land are in the hands of the people and they are in theory shared equally. The production and sharing of goods is controlled and regulated by the government would control banking, transportatio Communism
A system of government in which the people rule either directly or through representatives. Democracy
A system of government in which the citizens elect public officials to govern for them. Ex. US, Rome. Represtentative Democracy
A political philosophy that advocates unlimited power for a political leader what controls all aspects of life. Dictatorship
A ruler that gains power inheritance. Monarchy
the authority, or power, that rules on behalf of a group of people. Government
All the rules of conduct of a nation that are enforced by government. Laws
What are the common types of Monarches today? Constitutional Monarchy
A form of government based on theology or religious faith. Theocracy
Complete disorder based on having no government or laws. Anarchy
a proposed law being considered by a lawmaking body. Bills
doctrine that Monarch derives the right to rule directly from GOD. The Monarch can ignore the wishes of parliament and the people. Divine Right
The heads of the executive departments in the federal government, who also act as advisors to the President. Cabinet
a system relates to the government’s role in economy Socialism
the government has ownership of the countries basic goods and services. The government would control and own communication service, transportation services, health care , power companies Common Sense
a letter to King George to get him to resolve the differences between Great Britain and the colonies peacefully. Olive Branch Petition
: the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintain a balance of trade. Mercantilism
: Occurred in the 18th century. Philosophers wrote new ideas on politics such as the role of the “divine right” of kings and the separation of church and state. Age of Enlightenment
A person who betrays his country traitors
a system of government in which all citizens participate in politics and decision making. Direct Democracy
Colonists loyal to the British tory
one loyal to his country patrion
of law passed by England to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party. Intolerable Acts
fought to gain American independence from England. american Revolution
A body of 55 representatives appointed by colonial legislatures who met to plan a response to England’s Intolerable Acts. 1st continental Congress
company or group having exclusive control over commercial activity. Monopoly
Armed civilians fighting during the Revolutionary War. Minute men
: A compromise reached by the Northern states and Southern states over how to count the slave population. Slaves were counted 3/5 of all other persons. three-fiths compromise
An act of protest of the stamp act by the American colonists against England. Boston Tea Party
Branch that makes and passes bills Legislative Branch
sees that laws are being fallowed and punishes law breakers Judicial Branch
Signs the bills into laws Executive Branch
King of England during the American Revolution King George III
authored the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson
Check w/ Buras on this - presented the Virginia plan to the Second Continental Congress in 1776 Richard Henrey Lee
Leader of The Continental Army George Washington
A Federalist who was on the Declaration Of Independence writting Comittee Benjamin Franklin
A Federalist from Massachusettes who was a strong push for the Declaration of Independence. He was also on the Declaration Writting Comittee John Adams
Father of The constitution also helped write the Federalist Papers James Madison
Someone who was in favor of a strong central Government Federalist
Someone who wanted the states to have more power and was against a strong central Government Anti- Federalist
The men who founded the U.S. by writing/ adopting the Constitution. Founding Fathers
author of the Common Scense Thomas Paine
Influential English philosopher who inspired Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independence. John Locke
Compare and contrast the different types of Government In a Communist system, citizens own the goods but the government ensures that everything is shared equally. where as in a Socialist system focuses mainly on Econemy. The Government owns and moderates basic goods and services. Then Democracy ownership is
cont in the hands of the people. The people rule either directly or indirectly. Two types - direct and republic. Monarches are run by Kings. Dictatorship is the system that is ruled by one person or group of persons. Theocracy - God sim contd next
cont they are similar because they are all in effect now and they performe services to it's citizens, they provide rules and laws for people to live and work together and put the nation's Ideals into practice
What was the Plot of the Childres's story? There is fear for the future, then a new teacher walks into the Classroom and tells the old one to leave. First the Children are scared then she gets them to trust her. She then changes all their opinions and brainwashes them.
What American Ideals did the Teacher take away? The Pledge of Aleigance, respect for the Flag, individuallity, religion
What are some of Britian's influences in the development of the Colonies to countries. The British influenced the colonies in many ways. Their power over the colonies first caused them to become independent. Secondly, It's power influenced them to create a Government that checks and Balances Each other. Finally many Documents were used as..
cont a mold for documents today. like the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights and the Parliment
dicsuss some of the debates that went on in the Second Continental congress Created an Army and appointed George Washington as it's leader, Olive Branch Petition, main thing was the topic of Revolution,
What was the document written to the King Of Britian to try to settle the problems? What Was His reatction? The Olive Branch Petition, NOOOOOOO
What were some debates among the Constitutional Convention Articles of Confederation vs. Constitution, there was alot of debate on what to do. The articles gave power to the states had had a weak central Government. Congress had very limited powers. While the constitution gave a Strong central Government but ....
cont had branches that checked and balanced each other's powers. One who was in favor of the constitution ( strong central government) was a federalist. infavor of state power anti - federalist. In the end the Constiution was passed and is used as molds
What was one of the the bigges issues on power? State vs. Federal Government, Federalists supported strong central Govenrment and Anti federalist want the states to have most of the Power. They established a federalist system and now the Constitution is the SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND
How does the Constitution create a balance of poewr? It created three branches of government; judicial, executive, legislative, that check and Balance Each other
What were the discussions on the Bill of Rights? Founding Fathers didn't believe a Bill Of Rights was needed on the Constitution, feared that if they id it would be the only one they got. People want it and some only ratified the Constitution to get them.
What Does APPARTS stand for Author, Place and Time, Previous Knowlage, Audience, Reaso to Write, Main theme, Signifigance
members of the House of Representatives or senate. Representatives/ Senators
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives Speaker of the House
the divisions of a state in each of which the voters elect one member of the House of Representatives congressional Districts
the meeting of party leaders to determine the party’s policy on proposed laws or choose the party’s candidates for public office. Party Caucus
the political party that has the most members in Congress or in a state legislature. Majority Party
the political party that has fewer members in Congress or a state legislature. Minority Party
Tempore – the official who presides over the Senat when the Vice president is absent President Pro Tempore
( congress) a proposed law being considered by a lawmaking body. Bill
- a temporary committee made up of members of both house of Congress that is formed to reach a compromise on a bill passed in different forms by each house. Conference Committee
senator from, each state who was elected first. Senior Senator
the senator for each state that has been there shorter Junior Senator
the right to mail official letters free of charge. Franking Privlage
– To remove a member of congress by the Congress voting him out of congress Expulsion
a vote of disapproval of a congressman’s actions Censure
bills that can call for the spending of public money; must be introduced in the house of Representatives Appropriation Bill
a person who is paid to represent an interest group’s point of view at congressional committee hearings and who tries to influence the votes of members of Congress. Lobbiest
a method in the Senate of delaying or preventing a vote on a bill by making long speeches. filibuster
– when a bill is passed by both houses and the president does not approve. Presidental Veto
A means the President has of rejecting a bill passed by congress. Any bill presented to the pres is not signed within 10 days with in the session is pocket vetoed Pocket Veto
Article 1, section 8, of the constitution, or the “necessary and proper: cause; allows Constitutional congress to extend it’s powers listed in the Constitution to cover other areas. Elastic Clause
people of a district who are represented by the members of a lawmaking body. Constituent
Who is the current Speaker of the House? Nancy Pelosi - first woman Speaker
IF both the President and the VP dies who takes the place of the President? Speaker of the House
Who serves as the President of the Senate? Vice pres. - dick Cheny
Who is the President Pro Tempore? When the VP can't come the mojority house elects this person
List Louisiana's Representatives. Bobby Jindal, William Jefferson, Charles Malecon, Jim McCrey, Rodney Alaxander, Richard Baker, Charles Boustinay.
What is Bobby Jindal's District and Party? District 1, Repub
William Jefferson? District 2 , Dem
Charles Malcon? District 3, Dem
Jim McCrey? 4, Repub
Rodney Alexander? 5, Repub
Richard Baker? 6, Repub
Charles Boustany Jr. 7, Repub
Why is Congress Bicameral? two houses would check and Balance Each other and it settled the dispute over the large and small states dealing w/ representation in congress - Great Compromise
How is the Congress organized? two year terms with two sessions each. Each regular session is from January to August. IF a problem occurs outside of a session, president can call emergency session
what are the requirements for a Representative 25 years old, Registered citizen of district and state represented , and must Be a citizen for 7 years
Requirements for a Senator? 30 years old, Registered Citizen of state represented, Citizen for 9 years
What is the officer of the House? Speaker of the House - elected from Majority Party
officer of the Senate? president of the Senate - VP
Created by: swimergrl10