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Growth 19th cent

Growth of Industry, Democracy, and the U.S. States

QuestionAnswer
1803 America buys Louisiana from the French for $15 million (the Louisiana Purchase)
Manifest Destiny The belief that the United States would spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Industrial Revolution A change from handmade products to machine manufacturing; people move to cities for factory jobs
U.S.-Mexican War Conflict caused by U.S. annexing Texas. U.S. won; got Mexican Cession
rural Having to do with areas outside a city
urban Having to do with cities
Lowell system Factory system in MA using young girls to labor in textile (cloth) factories
Spoils System Jackson’s idea of rewarding political party supporters with government jobs
Andrew Jackson Hero of the War of 1812; 1st president from the west; represented the common man
Eli Whitney Inventor of the cotton gin and the idea of interchangeable parts
Cotton Gin Machine used to separate seeds from cotton fibers; caused an increase in demand for slaves
McCormick’s Reaper Invention in agriculture that increased farmers’ ability to harvest crops quickly
immigrants Person who moves from one country to another usually for better opportunities
Internal improvements Improvements made to the inside of America such as building roads, bridges & canals
Nullification The process a state follows to get rid of a law that it does not agree with; Suggested by John C. Calhoun
Indian Removal Act Policy during Andrew Jackson’s presidency forcing Indians to pay for land or move west (Trail of Tears
John C. Calhoun Senator from South Carolina created nullification process and believed in states’ rights
Northwest Ordinance Plan of govt. for the lands in the Northwest Territory; divide the area into territories
Gadsden Purchase Strip of land south of Mexican Cession (added to AZ & NM) purchased from Mexico
Mexican Cession Land given up by Mexico: all of current southwest U.S. (CA, AZ, NM, CO, NV, UT)
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Agreement officially ended US-Mexican War
Adams-Onis Treaty Agreement with Spain giving Florida to the U.S.
Oregon Territory Land in Pacific Northwest region acquired through treaty with Great Britiain; rich, fertile soil
Texas Annexation Land added to US that led to US-MX War; North opposed to entry as slave state
John Quincy Adams 6th President; Favored strong Nationalism against states’ rights and spoke out against pro-slavery messages
Henry Clay Influential Congressman from the west; Great Compromiser- ended the Nullification crisis; Internal improvements
Steamboat Invented by Robert Fulton; powered boats against the current; used a steam engine
Tariff Tax on imported goods; raised prices; hurt the south
Secession When a state would like to leave the country and start a new country
Created by: Emensa