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Waitangi Treaty1

Waitangi Treaty Understanding

Hone Heke first one to sign treaty and then rebell against it later, by cutting down the flag pole
How many articles does the Waitangi Treaty have? three articles
When was the treaty signed? 6 February 1840
Article the first says: chiefs give/hand over to the Queen/Britain complete government over their land
cede hand over and so give up
Article the first:"cede to Her Majesty the Queen of England absolutely and without reservation all the rights and powers of Sovereignty which the said Confederation or Individual Chiefs respectively exercise or possess..over their respective Territories." give up all political and other powers - and hand over to the British, so that all laws made and political power is now carried out by the British governor - not Maori (English version of Treaty)
What is a treaty Contract, agreement beteween two or more states
Article the second Maori keep their land, forests and fisheries; but they can only sell land to the British government, can not sell to the settlers first (must be sold to the government)
Article the third Maori are now protected by the Britich government and their laws and now become British citizens and have British rights and priviliges.
How many treaties one Maori version, at least 5 different English versions
Henry Williams missionary who translated the treaty into Maori
Kawanatanga a word made up by missionaries - for sovereignty, closest meaning is governorship - not total control
Maori and chiefs understanding of the Treaty of Waitangi the treaty would allow them to keep their mana (power); did not realise that the British would also control them and rule over them; thought that it would settle conflicts and getting the lawlessness of the British settlers dealt with.
rangatiratanga in maori version (article 2): Maori meaning is the right to rule and make laws in their own lands. Missionary who translated it thought it meant: full and exclusive possesion of land, fisheries and other properties)
English version of pre-emptive meant Maori could only sell land to the crown; could not sell to any one else
British understanding of Treaty of Waitangi Controling New Zealand as a colony and bringing their tradional English social systems of laws and rights from England into a new country.
The Queen Victoria
the Crown the British government or Queen
sovereignty ruling and being in total political control of a country
colony owning another country
Maori chiefs signed chiefs signed with names or tohu - marks of their ancestors
Where is the Treaty of Waitangi stored now? The treay is kept at the National Archives in Wellington, in special glass cases
How many copies of the Treaty of Waitangi remain? There is one Maori copy - and other 6 damaged sheets, bits eaten away from the edges - at the National Archives
Maori version/translation of pre-emptive meant hokonga, meaning: the crown gets the first right of refusal on land sales, then Maori can sell it to any one they want to.
Created by: heretaunga
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