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US Government Info

STAAR Prep US Government Information

Government in which people elect representatives to make laws on their behalf. Representative government
Document that outlines government. Constitution
People in government positions are subject to the same laws as other citizens. Limited government
Political power rests with the people who can abolish or alter government as they see fit. Popular sovereignty
Rights all citizens possess; Bill of Rights Individual Rights
People elect representatives to make laws for them. Republicanism
The sharing of power between the state and the national government, ex: taxes. Federalism
Each branch of government can "check" the other two to ensure that no branch holds too much power. Checks and Balances
Each branch of government has a specific function, ex:Legislative branch make the laws, Executive branch carries out the laws, and judicial branch interprets the laws. Separation of Powers
Power of the Supreme Court to rule an act of Congress unconstitutional. Judicial Review
Plan that called for equal representation for all states in Congress. New Jersey Plan
Plan that called for representation in Congress to be based on population. Virginia Plan
Combination of NJ and VA plans: a bicameral (2 house)legislative (Congress) would be established. The lower house (House of Representatives)would be based on population, and the Upper house (Senate) would be equal in representation. Great Compromise
Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for representation in Congress. 3/5 Compromise
Branch of government that is headed by the President. They carry out the laws. Executive branch
Branch of government that is responsible for making laws; Congress Legislative branch
Branch of government that interprets(reviews) the laws; the Supreme Court. Judicial branch
Something that goes against the Constitution. Unconstitutional
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution that outline individual rights for citizens. Bill of Rights
Abolished slavery 13th amendement
Gave citizenship to all citizens regardless of race. 14th amendment
Gave African American men the right to vote. 15th amendment
Person who supported the ratification of the Constitution. Federalist
Person who wanted a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution before it could be ratified. Anti-Federalist
Political party founded by Alexander Hamilton. They wanted an industrialized economy and a strong national/central government. Federalist Party
Political party founded by Thomas Jefferson. They wanted a strong state government and an agricultural economy. Democratic-Republican Party
Political party started by Andrew Jackson-the party of the "common man." This is the present day Democratic Party. Democratic Party
Political party founded in 1854. They were founded as an anti-slavery party. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President. Republican Party
Created by: mharlan