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Important People 1

STAAR Prep US History Important People 1

QuestionAnswer
Commander of the Union Troops Ulysses S Grant
Commander of the Conferderate troops Robert E Lee
President of the US during the Civil War,he was later assassinated by John Wilkes Booth Abraham Lincoln
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
Transcendentalist who protested the Mexican-American War by not paying his taxes. He explained his reasoning in Civil Disobedience. Henry David Thoreau
Leader of the women's rights movement. She and Lucretia Mott organized the Seneca Falls Convention. She authored the Declaration of Sentiments. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Leading African American abolitionist,he was a former slave who became a famous speaker and writer. He published a newspaper called "The North Star" Frederick Douglass
"The Great Compromiser" he authored the Missouri Compromise before the Civil War. Henry Clay
Senator from New York,known for his strong desire to preserve the Union. Daniel Webster
VP under Andrew Jackson from S Carolina, he was a strong supporter of states' rights, his beliefs led to Nullification Crisis of 1828. John C Calhoun
7th President of the US; started the present day Democratic Party,portrayed as a "common man". His Indian Removal Act led to the Trail of Tears Andrew Jackson
Invented a new type of steamboat that could move against the current or wind (Clermont) Robert Fulton
Inventor of the cotton gin and interchangeable parts Eli Whitney
5th president of the US,isssued the Monroe Doctrine which became important to the US foreign policy. James Monroe
Author of the Star Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key
Native American who helped Lewis and Clark while they explored the Louisiana Territory. Sacajawea
Explorers of the Louisiana Territory Lewis and Clark
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; he helped establish the idea of judicial review that made the Supreme Court far more powerful. John Marshall
"Father of the Constitution", helped write the Federalist Papers and the 4th President of the US. The War of 1812 is oftern referred to as "Mr Madison's War". James Madison
Outspoken Anti-Federalist from Virginia George Mason
Author of some of The Federalist Papers,founder of the Federalist Party,Secretary of Treasury under George Washington. Alexander Hamilton
Proposed the Albany Plan of Union which would have united the colonies under one government,hehelped secure French aid during the American Revolution. Benjamin Franklin
Patriot from Virgina; famously said,"Give me liberty or give me death!" he became an outspoken Anti-Federalist because the Constitution lacked a Bill of Rights. Patrick Henry
American Naval hero who famously said,"I have not yet begun to fight!" John Paul Jones
British General General Cornwallis
German who helped trained the Patriots at Valley Forge. Baron von Stuben
Frenchmen who believed in the Patriot cause,he aided the Patriots with the money and supplies. He became a close friend and advisor to George Washington Marquis de Lafayette
Primary author of the Declaration of Independence, founder of the Democratic-Republican Pary, Secretary of State under George Washington, VP under John Adams and 3rd President of the US Thomas Jefferson
Commander of the Continental Army,First President of the US George Washington
Wrote Common Sense and The Crisis Thomas Paine
British monarch during the American Revolution King George III
Founded the Sons of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence, he was the mastermind behind the Boston Tea Party. Samuel Adams
Founded Maryland as a safe haven for Catholics Lord Baltimore
Founded Georgia as a place for debtors James Oglethorpe
Removed from Massachusetts for saying God spoke directly to her Anne Hutchinson
Started Rhode Island after he was removed from Massachusetts, he believed in the separation of church and state. Roger Williams
Quaker who founded Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers, Pennsylvania had a democratic form of government William Penn
Made Jamestown prosperous by growing tobacco, married Pocahontas which helped relations between the settlers and the Native Americans. John Rolfe
Saved Jamestown by implementing the "work or starve rule". John Smith
Created by: mharlan
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