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U.S. History Vocab1

STAAR Prep Vocabulary 1

A business founded by a group of people who make an investment and share in profits and losses. Joint Stock Company
Land claimed by a country in a different area of the world. Settlers are sent to this area to maintain claim. Colony
Settlement of the colony. Colonization
A colony exisits to benefit the Mother Country financially; maintaining wealth by controlling trade. Mercantilism
Business' compete for consumers who are free to decide where to purchase goods. Gov. has little control. Free Enterprise
Trade route that existed between the 13 Colonies, Africa, and the West Indies. Traded rum, sugar, and slaves. Triangular Trade
Got passage to N. America in exchange of work. Servants worked without pay for a certain period of time. Indentured Servant
African American who is purchased to work for life on a plantation. Slave
Buying and selling of humans for forced labor. Slave trade
Large farms that grew cash crops. The land was farmed by slaves who lived on the land. Plantation system
Crops that are always in demand. Staple crops
Crops grown to sell. Cash crops
Production of goods in a factory setting. Industry
Tax placed on goods coming into a country. Tariff
A tariff placed on foreign goods to protect domestic industry. Protective tariff
To show favoritism towards a group. Bias
System of government in which power is held by a queen or king. Monarchy
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. New England colonies
New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. Middle colonies
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia Southern colonies
Issues relating to government and a citizens' relationship with government. Political reasons
Issues relating to how people make money for their families; the production of goods and services. Economic reasons
Issues relating to society inlcuding people, language, religion, education, art, etc. Social reasons
Person who wanted to separate from the Church of England. Pilgrim
Person who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of England. Puritan
Area that is similar in climate, geographic features, and economies. Region
Complaint Grievance
Created by: mharlan