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US History TAKS #1

McLaughlin/Brown-U.S. History-CHS TAKS Review #1

QuestionAnswer
the first successful English colony is settled in Jamestown, Va. 1607
The Declaration of Independence is signed on July 4th 1776
delegates meet in Philadelphia to write our constitution 1787
Louisiana Purchase- Thomas Jefferson buys Louisiana from France (Napoleon), U.S. doubles in size, Lewis & Clark are sent to explore this new land 1803
(1) taxation without representation, (2) violations of the colonist's rights, (3) Intolerable Acts- closing Boston Harbor, ordered colonists to feed and house soldiers causes of the American Revolution
author of The Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
commander of the Colonial Army, first President of the U.S. George Washington
wrote a pamphlet called "Common Sense", it encouraged colonists to fight for their freedom Thomas Paine
French soldier who helped American colonists fight for their freedom Lafayette
Virginian who came up with many of the ideas for our constitution James Madison
Americans declare independence and list complaints they have against England Declaration of Independence
America's first attempt at a national government, it failed because it did not give the national government enough power Articles of Confederation
first fighting of the American Revolution Lexington and Concord
Patriot victory that led to the French joining the coloinist in the war against the British Battle of Saratoga
site of the British surrender to the colonists and the French Battle of Yorktown
England gives America its freedom Treaty of Paris
created two houses of Congress, the House, based on population and the Senate, with equal representation Great Compromise
form of government where the people elect representatives that run our government Republic
form of government that has a strong central government Federalism
when each of the three branches of government has the power to check the powers of the other branches checks and balances
three branches of government with each having separate powers seperation of powers
newspaper articles that explained our new constitution and encouraged its ratification Federalist Papers
the first ten amendments to our Constitution, established individual rights for American citizens Bill of Rights
U.S.President that established the Democratic Party and brought our government to the common people and not just the wealthy Andrew Jackson
the thinking that America was destined to spread out and settle all of North America, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Manifest Destiny
Created by: pennyboone