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India Notecards

1. What are the mountains of Northern India? The Himalayas
2. In which language did the Aryans write their poems and hymns? Sanskrit
3. Hindus believe that all their gods are part of the universal spirit called... Brahman.
4. According to Hinduism, people are reborn into their new physical bodies based on one's accumalated... Karma.
5. Why did Siddhartha leave home at age 30? To find the meaning of life (enlightenment) and how to end suffering.
6. In Buddhism, the end of Samara is called... Nirvana.
7. The guiding principles in Buddhism (basis for a Buddhist life) are... The Four Noble Truths (within this is the Eightfold Path).
8. Who is the first Gupta emperor? Chandragupta I
9. The northern central part of India, known for its rich soil and farmable plains is the... Gengetic Plain.
10. the Deccan Plateau is mostly tropical and is... In the south of India and is most of India.
11. The source of the Genges River are the... Himalayas.
12. The five countries that border India are... (1) Pakistan, (2) China, (3) Nepal, (4) Bhutan, and (5) Bangladesn.
13. The Deccan Plateau is between the... Western and Eastern Ghats.
14. Hindu temples in the Gupta period had carvings of their _______ on the outside. Gods
15. The art from the Mauryan and Gupta periods were most influenced by... Religion (Hindu teachings).
16. How did the Hindu temples change overtime? They bacame more complex with huge towers
17. A long passage about Hindu beliefs is called the... Mahabharata.
18. The study of stars and planets which influenced the Hindu's religious beliefs and daily life is... Astronomy.
19. The Indians were advanced in their medical practices and even practiced _______, injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to build up defenses against a disease. Inoculation
20. Indians invented the concept of _____, which was very important in mathematics because it is a placeholder when using numbers of a specific use. Zero (0)
21. How are metallurgy and alloys connected? Creating alloys is a skill within metallurgy.
22. What were some of the operations that Indian surgeons could preform? Fixing broken bones, removing tonsils, reconstructing broken noses, and reattaching torn ear lobes.
23. What is the Bhagvad Gita? A long and sacred passage about Hindu beleifs. The most famous of all the Hindu sacred texts and the most widely read.There are 700 verses that are divided into 18 chapters. Krishma the god, who gave advice to Arjuna that is the basis of the story.
24. What is fasting? Going without food; Not eating
25. What is the end of Samara? (Hindism and Buddhism) In Hinduism, Moksha, when you are united with Brahman. In Buddhism, nirvana, a state of perfect peace.
26. What is a good description of a large landmass that is smaller than a continent? A subcontinent
27. Temperary ink used to decorate men and woman's hands during Diwali and other religious celebrations is called... Henna.
28. What are the Three Universal Truths? (1) Anitya, (2) Anatma. and (3) Duhka
29. What does anatma, anitya, and duhka mean? Anatma: No soul Anitya: Nothing lasts forever Duhka: Suffering is everywhere
30. What is Om? The sound in deepest meditation. It is also the symbol of Hinduism.
31. What is dharma? One's duty in life.
32. Hindus do not eat meat because... All life is sacred. They are vegatarians.
33. What did the Buddha not accept? The caste system.
34. What did Gandhi do during his life? He practiced ahimsa to change the lives of Indians in South Africa and in India. He also fought to end the caste system and to make the term 'untouchables' illegal.
35. Indian scholars wrote down their knowledge in... Textbooks.
36. What is Diwali and what does it celebrate? A celebration of light overcoming darkness. It celebrates the harvest, a new year, and the atman within each person.
37. What does atman mean? Soul
38. How many followers does Hinduism have? 900 million
39. What are the three groups the Eightfold Path can be classifed into? (1) Action, (2) Behavior, and (3) Mind
Created by: snlraider
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