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NWCC GA MASH 2 Straight Mash Only

Action of the semitendinosus across the knee joint. flexion of knee joint
Action of gastrocnemius. plantarflexion of ankle & assists in flexion of knee
Two primary actions of the gluteus maximus. extension of femur, lateral rotation of extended hip
Action of the gracilis across the hip joint. adduction of femur
Action of peroneus (fibularis) tertius. eversion of foot, assists in dorsiflexion of foot
Action of the gluteus medius. abduction of femur & anterior fibers - medial rotation of femur
Action of the semitendinosus across the hip joint. extension of femur
List 4 actions of the sartorius muscle. flexion of femur, abduction of femur, lateral rotation of femur, flexion of knee, medial rotation of tibia when knee is flexed
Action of pectineus. flexion and adduction of femur, assists medial rotation of femur
Action of gluteus minimus. abduction, medial rotation of femur
Action of soleus. plantarflexion of ankle
List all names and actions of the muscle collectively known as triceps surae. gastrocnemius- plantarflexion, assists in flexion of knee, soleus- plantarflexion of ankle
Deepest muscle at the posterior knee. popliteus
Lateral rotator of hip only innervated by the obturator nerve. oburator externus
Lateral rotator of hip located immediately superior to the tendon of the obturator internus muscle. gemellus superior
Specific muscle that is located on the dorsum of the foot and originates from the anterior calcaneus. extensor digitorum brevis
Abdominal muscle that rotates the trunk to the opposite side. external oblique
Name the intrinsic muscles of the foot that form the 1st layer. abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, abductor digiti minimi
Name the dorsiflexors of the ankle. tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, fibularis tertius, extensor hallucis longus
Muscle innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve. gluteus maximus
Muscle immediately superior to the sciatic nerve in the gluteal region. piriformis
Muscles which insert on the iliotibial tract. gluteus maximus, tensor of fasciae latae
Muscle which originates on the ischial tuberosity and inserts on the anterior proximal tibial shaft. semitendinosus
Abdominal muscle that rotates the trunk to the same side. internal oblique
Muscle that lies immediately deep to the adductor longus: it inserts on only a single landmark. adductor brevis
Specifically what forms the anterior wall of the inguinal canal. aponeurosis of the external oblique
The tibial nerve passes immediately deep to this muscle during most of its course in the leg. Soleus
Name the muscles that form the 3rd layer of the plantar foot. flexor hallucis brevis, adductor hallucis, flexor digiti minimi brevis
Name the medial rotators of the hip. gluetus medius (anterior fibers), gluteus minimus, tensor of fasciae latae, pectineus
Muscle which originates on the proximal ischial tuberosity and inserts on the medial greater trochanter. gemellus inferior
Name the muscle whose tendons pass behind the medial malleolus (list them from P to A as they pass around the malleolus). flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior
Muscle that originates only from the lateral epicondyle of the femur and inserts into the calcaneous via the Achilles tendon. plantaris
Insertion of the iliopsoas. lesser trochantor of femur
Originates on the posterior fibula only and its tendon passes behind the medial malleolus. flexor hallucis longus
Origin of the quadratus femoris. tuberosity of ischium
Insertion of biceps femoris (be specific). head of fibula- lateral aspect, lateral condyle of tibia
Origin of rectus femoris. anterior inferior iliac spine, ilium at upper rim of acetabulum
Insertion of adductor magnus anterior and posterior heads. Anterior- adductor tubercle of femur - Posterior- linea aspera of femur
Origin of vastus medialis. linea aspera of femur, intertrochanteric line of femur
Insertion of adductor brevis. proximal part of linea aspera, pectineal line of femur
Insertion of fibularis brevis. base of 5th metatarsal, lateral surface
Hamstring that inserts on the posterior medial tibial condyle semimembranosus
insertion of the rectus femoris. patella, tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament
Origin of the extensor digitorum brevis. anterior calcaneus
Insertion of the peroneus longus. base of first metatarsal (plantar surface), medial cuneiform tarsal bone (plantar surface)
Origin of the vastus lateralis. linea aspera of femur, greater trochanter of femur
Insertion of adductor longus. middle 1/3 of linea aspera of femur
Origin of the superior gemellus. ischial spine
Common origin of hamstrings. ishial tuberosity
Origin of the gastrocnemius. medial & lateral epicondyle of femur
Nerve that innervates pectineus. femoral nerve
Nerve innervation of peroneus longus. superficial fibular nerve
Name cutaneus branches of the femoral nerve. Medial & Intermediate cutaneous nerves , saphenous nerve
Specific nerve from which sural nerve arises. tibial nerve
Point at which common peroneal nerve is particularly vulnerable to injury. superficially around the neck of the fibula
Assuming the sciatic nerve was severed, would any cutaneous areas below the knee still have sensation? If so where and why? Yes, skin of medial leg, ankle, foot to great toe would have sensation via saphenous nerve
Obturator nerve carries fibers from these spinal segments. L2,3,4,
Innervation of adductor magnus. anterior head-Obturator Nerve posterior head-Siatic Nerve
Innervation of extensor hallucis longus. deep fibular
Femoral nerve carries fibers from these specific spinal cord segments. L 2,3,4
Apart from muscular paralysis, injury to this specific nerve would present anaesthesia of the skin in the small area between the 1st and 2nd toes only. Deep Fibular(peroneal)Nerve
Sciatic nerve directly innervates what muscles. biceps femoris (long and short heads), semimembranosus, semitendinosus, posterior head of adductor magnus
Tibial nerve terminates at the___________ and at the _____________. Medial; Lateral Plantar nerves of the foot
Nerve of the fibularis (peroneus) brevis. superficial fibular nerve
Nerve of tibialis anterior. deep fibular nerve
Nerve of popliteus. tibial nerve
The only muscular clinical sign a patient presents is a slight involuntary eversion of the foot and total foot drop. This would happen if the _________nerve was cut or severely injured. common fibular nerve
Nerve that transverses the adductor canal to provide cutaneous innervation to the medial side of the leg, ankle, and foot to great toe. saphenous nerve
Make a flowchart showing the simplest sequence of function of the nervous system. Stimulus->Sensory Neuron(Afferent)->Motor Neuron(Efferent)->Effector Organ
Function of popliteus muscle. Lateral rotation of femur to Unlock the knee, assists in medial rotation of tibia when knee is flexed
Define the deep inguinal ring. Gap in the transversalis fascia
Specifically what forms the important conjoined tendon. aponeurosis of transversus abdominis & internal oblique muscles
Portion of the spermatic cord derived form the internal oblique. Cremaster Muscle
Besides being external to the epimysium and sometimes fused to it, give 2 other characteristics of deep fascia. Invest Body Region provides intermuscullar Septa, seperates individual muscle into compartments to allow them to move freely
Discuss what functional reversal of origin and insertion means. Origin becomes moveable, the insertion is stabilized
Assume you are constructing a body and what the strongest possible muscular performance across a joint. What type would you use? How would you attach it? Pinate Muscle, attaching far from the joint
List the basic motor functions of the nervous system. muscular contraction & glandular secretion
Are specific type receptors used, for example, as pain detectors in the skin they are functionally classified as (use letter). Exteroceptors - GSA
Define nerve. A group of neurons fibers located in the PNS
Specific components innervated by the autonomic nervous system. Cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and glands
According to lecture name the anatomical structures placed in the peripheral nervous system. 12 pairs cranial nerves, 31 pairs spinal nerves and autonomic nerves of the ANS
List special sensations. Vision, Hearing & Equilibrium, taste (gustation), smell (olfaction)
Portion of the spermatic cord derived from the aponeurosis of the external oblique. External Spermatic Fascia
Name given to the connective tissue covering the smallest unit of muscle visible to the naked eye(don’t say fiber). Perimycium
Component of deep fascia which arranges muscle into functional compartments. Intermuscular Septa
Considering that muscle volume remains constant, what can one say when comparing the range of strength of contraction of an unattached muscle. Length of the fasicle determines range; strength depends on the cross sectional area of fasicles
Give the functional 3 letter classification and name a proprioceptor. GSA-Golgi Tendon Apparatus or muscle spindles sense change in position of body
Give 2 vessels which help form the cruciate anastomosis. Medial Femoral Circumflex, Lateral Femoral Circumflex, (other 2 -Inferior Gluteal and 1st Perforating Arteries)
Artery which directly gives rise to most of the dorsal metatarsal arteries. arcuate artery
Small saphenous vein is direct tributary. popliteal vein
Artery that gives rise to perforating arteries of thigh. Perfunda Femoris
Arises from the arcuate artery. dorsal metatarsal aa & dorsal digital aa
How does the great saphenous vein become a tributary to the deep veins….include what it drains into and how it gains access to it. Collects from sole, dorsum of foot, and thigh and drains into the femoral vein via the saphenous hiatus (opening in the fascia lata)
Artery of which the medial femoral circumflex is a direct branch. Profunda Femoris
Name 2 important ligaments with attachments to the ischium and sacrum. sacrospinous ligament; sacrotuberous ligament
A patient presents flattening of the medial longitudinal arch on the plantar surface of the foot. Give specific ligamentous damage. Plantar Calcaneal Navicular Ligament is damaged
A patient presents a sprained ankle caused by excessive eversion. Give specific ligamentous damage. Deltoid ligament has been damaged
Name the ligaments that run from the tibia to the lateral malleolus. Anterior Tibiofibular Ligament, Posterior Tibiofibular Ligament
Name & Classify (use letter classification) the specific type of visceral receptor which deals with pain caused by distention. Interoceptor, GVA
Name the muscles forming the 1st layer in the plantar foot. Abductor Hallucis, Abductor Digiti Minimi, Flexor Digitorum Brevis
Be able to identify from netter diagrams... Oblique Popliteal Ligament, Ischiofemoral Ligament and suprapatellar bursa
Name invertors of the foot. Tibialis Anterior and Tibialis Posterior
Smallest fiber-like unit of a muscle visible to the naked eye. (do not say fiber as your answer) Fasicle
Define Tract. A group of neuron fibers in the CNS
___________ are SPECIFIC TYPE receptors used for smell and taste. They are classified functionally as ________ (use letter-classification) fibers. chemoreceptors, SVA
Define Ganglion. a group of neuron cells in PNS
A ligament deep to the dorsal sacroiliac ligament, located in the deep groove between the sacrum and the ilium. interosseous sacroiliac ligament
Name EVERTORS of the foot. Fibularis Longus, Fibularis Brevis, Fibularis Tertius
Action of the peroneus (fibularis) longus. Eversion of the foot, Plantarflexion of the ankle
Origin of the external oblique. Costal Cartilage of Ribs 5-12
Give components which form the medial wall of the inquinal canal. Conjoined tendon, rectus sheath
The deep fibular nerve runs immediately anterior to this structure through most of its course (Do not list vessel). Interosseous Membrane
Muscle in which the common fibular (peroneal) nerve divides into its terminal branches Fibularis Longus
Superficial vein which drains the lateral part of the foot and the posterior leg. Small Saphenous Vein
Nerve that "Unlocks" the knee joint. Tibial nerve
Invertor of the foot intervated by tibial nerve. Tibialis Posterior
Origin of adductor longus. Anterior Pubis
Action of the rectus femoris. Flexion of Hip, Extention of knee
Origin of Psoas Major muscle. T12 - L5 Vertebra
Insertion of pectineus. "Pectineal line" line between the lesser trochanter & linea aspera of femur
Innervation of the sartorius muscle. Femoral Nerve
Most superficial and medial thigh adductor. Gracilis
Muscle which originates from the anterior distal fibula (with extensor digitorum longus) and inserts into the base of the metatarsal. Peroneus Tertius
Specific muscle that is located on the dorsum of the foot originates from the anterior calcaneus, Extensor Digitorum Brevis
Muscle which originates from the anterior surface of the sacrum and inserts into the upper part of the greater trochanter, Piriformis
Action of the Plantaris. Knee flexion, plantarflexion of foot
The strongest hip flexor. iliopsoas (iliacus & psoas major)
Dorsiflexor of the foot which inserts on the base of the 1st metatarsal and 1st cuneiform. tibialis anterior
Innervation of the extensor hallucis longus. deep fibular nerve
The only CUTANEOUS clinical sign a patient presents is complete loss of cutaneous sensation below the knee, except for an area along the medial part of the leg. This would indicate injury specifically to the _________ nerve. Sciatic
Nerve which passes along the medial side of the tendon of the biceps femoris, then curves around the neck of the fibula. Common Fibular
Artery that specifically supplies the adductors, obturator externus, acetabulum, and the head of the femur. Medial Femoral circumflex
Name the DIRECT (immediate) branches of the dorsalis pedis artery. Arcuate Artery, 1st Dorsal Metatarsal Artery and deep plantar artery
Specific vessel supplying skin of the labia majora, perineum and scrotum. deep external pudendal artery
Specific landmark where popliteal artery begins. adductor hiatus
Classify (use 3 letter classification)efferents to the muscles of the facial expression and mastication. Why are they classified as such? SVE, because they are the skeletal muscles of the branchial arches
Created by: brookert81
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