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History test 2/3/11

History test 2/3/11 omg study

QuestionAnswer
Constitution a document that sets out the laws and principles of a government
bill of rights lits freedoms that the government promises to protect
compromise a settlement in which each side agrees to give up some of its demands
Separation of Powers a system in which the power of a government is divided among separate branches
checks and balences a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check or control the actions of the other branches
electorial collage a group of electors from each state that meets every four years to vote for the president and vice president
legislature purpose: makes laws
legislature term of office: 4 yrs:senate 2 yrs:house of represenatives
legislature powers: overrides presidents veto declares war prints money/coins
executive purpose: enforces laws
executive term of office: 4 yrs governor 4 yrs president/vice president
executive powers: proposes laws vetos laws appoints federal judges/ambassadors/other high officials
judicial purpose: makes sure laws are fair/fairly enforced (constitutional)
judicial term of office: judges for life
judicial powers: can declare laws unconstitutional can declare executive actions unconstitutional
What is the Great compromise? a compromise for the constitution so both big and little states can get what they want
how many senators per state and how are they chosen each state has 2 senators no matter what and they are chosen by state legislatures
what is the lower house the house of represenatives
what is the upper house the senate
how are represenatives chosen according to the states population
what is the 3/5 compromise delagates agreed that 3/5 of the slaves in any state would be counted towards the states population count
what was the first constitution the articles of confederation
why did states want a written constitution 1. would spell out the rights of all citizens 2. would set limits on the powers of the government
Created by: summermushroom