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Chiropractic Vocabul

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Annulus Fibrosus the outer, fibrous, ring~like portion of an intervertebral disc.
Arthritis inflammation of a joint usually characterized by swelling, pain, and restriction of motion
Articular pertaining to a joint.
Cartilage the hard, thin layer of white glossy tissue that covers the end of bone at a joint. This tissue allows motion to take place with a minimum amount of friction.
Cervical the neck region of the spine containing the first seven vertebrae
Cephalgia refers to head pain or headache. While the precise cause of many headaches remains unknown, several theories exist. The causes of a headache vary depending on the type of headache.
Chiropractic Doctors of Chiropractic are physicians who give special attention to the physiological and biochemical aspects including structural, spinal, musculoskeletal, neurological, vascular, nutritional, emotional and environmental relationships.
Coccyx – The region of the spine below the sacrum. It is also known as the tailbone.
Congenital Present at and existing from the time of birth.
Disc (Intervertebral) The tough, elastic structure that is between the bodies of spinal vertebrae. The disc consists of an outer annulus fibrosus enclosing an inner nucleus pulposus.
Distal Situated away from the center of the body.
Facet A posterior structure of a vertebra which articulates with a facet of an adjacent vertebra to form a facet joint that allows motion in the spinal column. Each vertebra has two superior and two inferior facets.
Fibromyalgia is a complex, chronic, and disabling disorder that causes widespread pain and stiffness in the muscles, tendons and ligaments, along with unrefreshing sleep and fatigue.
Fibrosis The replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue.
Herniated Disc Extrusion of part of the nucleus pulposus material through a defect in the annulus fibrosus.
Iatrogenic Occurring without known cause. Self~originated.
Iliac Crest The large, prominent portion of the pelvic bone at the belt line of the body.
Immobilization Limitation of motion or fixation of a body part usually to promote healing.
Inferior Situated below or directed downward.
Joint The junction or articulation of two or more bones that permits varying degrees of motion between the bones.
Kyphosis An abnormal increase in the normal kyphotic curvature of the thoracic spine.
Lamina An anatomical portion of a vertebra. For each vertebra, two lamina connect the pedicles to the spinous process as part of the neural arch.
Laminectomy An operation for removal of part or all of the lamina of a vertebra, commonly performed in order to be able to remove an intervertebral disc protrusion or to decompress a nerve root.
Lateral Situated away from the midline of the body.
Ligament A band of flexible, fibrous connective tissue that is attached at the end of a bone near a joint. The main function of a ligament is to attach bones to one another, to provide stability of a joint, and to prevent or limit some joint motion.
Lordosis An abnormal increase in the normal lordotic curvature of the lumbar spine.
Low Back Pain Low back pain is an ache or discomfort in the area of the lower part of the back and spinal column. The lower spinal column consists of many small bones that surround and protect the spinal cord and nerves. Low back pain is very common, affecting most ad
Lumbago A non~medical term signifying pain in the lumbar region.
Lumbar The lower part of the spine between the thoracic region and the sacrum. The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae.
Manipulable subluxation A subluxation in which altered alignment, movement, and/or function can be improved by manual thrust procedures.
Medial Situated closer to the midline of the body.
Nerve Root The bony arch of the posterior aspect of a vertebra that surrounds the spinal cord, also referred to as the vertebral arch.
Nucleus Pulposus The semi~gelatinous tissue in the center of an intervertebral disc. It is surrounded and contained by the annulus fibrosus which prevents this material from protruding outside the disc space.
Osteoporosis A disorder in which bone is abnormally brittle, less dense, and is the result of a number of different diseases and abnormalities.
Pathology The study of disease states.
Pedicle The part of each side of the neural arch of a vertebra. It connects the lamina with the vertebral body
Pelvic Obliquity Deviation of the pelvis from the horizontal in the frontal plane. Fixed pelvic obliquities can be attributed to contractures either above or below the pelvis.
Physical Therapy The treatment consisting of exercising specific parts of the body such as the legs, arms, hands or neck, in an effort to strengthen, regain range of motion, relearn movement and/or rehabilitate the musculoskeletal system to improve function
Physiology The science of the functioning of living organisms, and of their component systems or parts.
Posterior Located behind a structure, such as relating to the back side of the human body.
Proximal Nearest the center of the body.
Sacrum A part of the spine that is also part of the pelvis. It articulates with the ilia at the sacroiliac joints and articulates with the lumbar spine at the lumbosacral joint. The sacrum consists of five fused vertebrae that have no intervertebral discs
Sagittal Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions.
Sciatica an irritation of the sciatic nerve that passes down the back of each thigh. The sciatic nerve arises from the lower spine on either side and travels deep in the pelvis to the lower buttocks. From there it passes along the back of each upper leg and divid
Scoliosis Lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.
Spinal Canal The bony channel that is formed by the intravertebral foramen of the vertebrae and in which contains the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Spinal Cord The longitudinal cord of nerve tissue that is enclosed in the spinal canal. It serves not only as a pathway for nervous impulses to and from the brain, but as a center for carrying out and coordinating many reflex actions independently of the brain
Spinal Stenosis narrowing of the space called the spinal canal, which is located within the backbone. The spinal canal is a small space that holds the nerve roots and spinal cord; this space becomes smaller, it can squeeze the nerve and the spinal cord causing pain
Spondylosis Degeneration of the disc spaces between the vertebrae. This finding in the spine is commonly associated with osteoarthritis.
Spondylolisthesis A defect in the construct of bone between the superior and inferior facets with varying degrees of displacement so the vertebra with the defect and the spine above that vertebra are displaced forward in relationship to the vertebrae below
Subluxation A motion segment in which alignment, movement integrity, and/or physiologic function are altered, although contact between joint surfaces remains intact.
Subluxation complex A theoretical model of motion segment dysfunction (subluxation) that incorporates the complex interaction of pathologic changes in nerve, muscle, ligamentous, vascular, and connective tissue
Subluxation syndrome An aggregate of signs and symptoms that relate to pathophysiology or dysfunction of spinal and pelvic motion segments or to peripheral joints.
Superior Situated above or directed upward toward the head of an individual.
Tendon The fibrous band of tissue that connects muscle to bone. It is mainly composed of collagen.
Thoracic The chest level region of the spine that is located between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae. It consists of 12 vertebrae which serve as attachment points for ribs.
Transverse Refers to a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
Vertebra A cervical, thoracic, or lumbar vertebra has a cylindrically~shaped body anteriorly and a neural arch posteriorly (composed primarily of the laminae and pedicles as well as the other structures in the posterior aspect of the vertebra)protects spinal cord
Vertebrae The plural of vertebra
Spondylolisthesis It is usually due to a developmental defect or the result of a fracture
Created by: gacosta