Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

AP Human Geo MidTerm

QuestionAnswer
2. Environment All of the biotic and abiotic factors that act on an organism, population, or ecological community and influence its survival and development. Biotic factors
3 The portion of the world’s land surface that is permanently settled by human beings Ecumene
4 A venture involving 3 or more national states – political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives Supranationalism
5 The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government Devolution
6 A force that unifies people Centripetal Force
7 A force that divides people Centrifugal Force
13 Four ways of identifying location Toponym, Site, Situation, Absolute
16 The process of the spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another Diffusion
17 Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships Cultural Ecology
18 Fundamental geographic question Why of Where?
19 The process whereby we think spatially, producing mental images of space which allows us to navigate and to communicate about the relative position of things in space Mental Mapping
31 Transferring the image of globe onto a flat sheet of paper Map Projection
32 Distortions created by map projections Relative Size, Shape, Distance, & Direction
39 Gathering of data from satellites for cartographic purposes Remote Sensing
40 Computer systems that process geographic data, usually to make layered maps (thematic layers) showing the correlation between various characteristics Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
50 The relative location of a place Situation
60 A region in which the characteristic(s) apply throughout Formal Region
69 The interdependence of places which occurs through networks in which people, ideas, and goods move between places Spatial Interaction
70 Something becoming worldwide in scope Globalization
76 Movement of a characteristic through the movement of people Relocation Diffusion
77 Permanent relocation diffusion Migration
78 Diffusion from a node of authority Hierarchical Diffusion
79 Rapid widespread diffusion Contagious Diffusion
80 Diffusion of an underlying principle rather than the intended feature Stimulus Diffusion
89 Ratio of the number of farmers to the amount of arable land Agricultural Density
90 Total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in an area Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
100 The number of people in the workforce compared to the number outside the workforce Dependency Ratio
110 A type of circulation mobility in which people move in a cyclical pattern Seasonal Mobility
114 Motivations to move away from a place Push Factors
115 Migration to a place (Into) Immigration
116 Motivation to move to a place Pull Factors
117 The mathematical difference between immigration and emigration Net Migration
128 Foreign citizens who are granted legal entry in order to work, but not to stay permanently Guest Workers
129 The mass emigration of talented people Brain Drain
134 Interregional migration to cities Urbanization
135 Interregional migration to the outlying communities around a city Suburbanization
136 Interregional migration to rural areas Counter- Urbanization
137 Migration that occurs in stages, such as to a nearby village and then to a town and then to a city Step Migration
139 The restriction of migration from Eastern Europe during the Cold War is an example of - An Intervening Obstacle
140 Mexican squatter settlement Colonia
141 “Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things” Tobler’s First Law of Geography
142 A model used to predict spatial interaction, where size (population) is directly related to interaction and distance is inversely related to interaction Gravity Model
150 Highly efficient method of shipping that uses steel boxes to ship goods that are easily transferred from ship to rail to truck Containerized Shipping
160 Man’s imprint on the natural landscape Cultural Landscape
170 An invented language of the twentieth century based on Latin that was intended to become a world language Esperanto
171 The communication system of a group of people Language 172 Written form of a language Literary Tradition
173 Language spoken by the largest number of people Mandarin Chinese
180 Largest language family Indo-European
190 The blending of Old English and French Middle English
200 A recognized or official language in an area standard Language
210 Two languages of Belgium French & Flemish
220 Founder of modern Turkey Ataturk
221 Body of water that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey Bosporus Strait
222 Nationality without a state in southern Turkey and northern Iraq Kurds
229 Interaction between two factors (groups) Spatial Convergence
230 Segregation between two factors (groups) Spatial Divergence
231 A religion that espouses the idea that there is one true religion for all people Universalizing
234 Monotheistic religion that developed in Southwest Asia about 3500 years ago Zoroastrianism
243 Followers of Islam, it means one who submits to the will of God Muslim
244 Arabic word for God Allah
245 Five pillars of Islam Faith, Prayer, Giving, Fasting, Pilgrimage
254 Buddha’s search for enlightenment Great Renunciation
255 Result of Buddha’s Great Renunciation 4 Noble Truths
256 State beyond suffering in Buddhism Nirvana
257 Means to achieving nirvana in Buddhism 8 Fold Path
263 Aryan religious texts upon which Hinduism is based Vedas
264 The creator god in Hinduism Brahma
265 The preserver god in Hinduism Vishnu
266 The destroyer god in Hinduism (not seen as evil) Siva/ Shiva
270 Founder of Daoism (Taoism) Lao-Zi (Lao Tse)
279 Belief that spirits are in animate and inanimate objects Animism
280 Founder of Christianity Jesus 281 Birthplace of Jesus Bethlehem
289 Answer to Martin Luther’s burning question Salvation Is Achieved Through Faith Alone
309 Forced dispersion of the Jews in 70 AD Diaspora
310 Buddha’s place of enlightenment Bodh Gaya
311 Birthplace of Muhammad Makkah (Mecca)
312 Housed in the Shrine al-Haram al-Sharif in Makkah – It represents the concept of monotheism Black Stone
313 Source of the Ganges River where Siva lives Mount Kailas
314 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Muslims Dome of the Rock
315 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Christians Church of the Holy Sepulcher
316 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Jews Western Wall
329 Fundamentalism group that took control of Afghanistan after the Soviet Army withdrew from the country Taliban
330 Fixed social class system in India (historic) Caste System
331 Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth Ethnicity
332 Identity with a group who share a common biological ancestor Race
333 Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities Racism
337 U.S. Supreme Court decision that established “the doctrine of separate but equal” Plessey v Ferguson
338 U.S. segregation laws Jim Crow Laws
339 U.S. Supreme Court decision which ended segregation in public schools Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
340 Taking advantage of “white flight” by buying property from whites who are fearful of blacks moving into their neighborhoods/ future lowering of property values and reselling it to blacks at large profits Blockbusting
341 Legal segregation policy in South Africa Apartheid
342 Leader of the African National Congress (ANC) and first black president of South Africa Nelson Mandela
343 One’s identification with a group of people who share legal attachment and allegiance to a particular country Nationality
344 Two principle ethnic/religious groups in South Asia Hindus & Muslims
345 Leader of the peaceful civil disobedience movement in India Mahatma Gandhi
352 African country in which six major clans have been waging a civil war resulting in a complete breakdown of government – Blackhawk Down took place here Somalia
353 Country in the Middle East that has experienced ethnic conflict as the proportions of various groups have changed – It is mostly controlled by Syria Lebanon
360 Two rival ethnic groups in Central Africa that have engaged in ethnic cleansing Hutus & Tutsis
361 World’s most fragmented state – It also have the highest number of Muslims Indonesia
362 Government program in Indonesia that provides incentives for people to move from densely populated islands to less densely populated ones Transmigration Program
370 A city neighborhood which is predominately occupied by Latinos Barrio
371 Region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress and often fragmented by aggressive rivals – Eastern Europe is an example Shatterbelt
372 That part of the cultural landscape that can be attributed to a particular ethnic group Ethnic Landscape
375 Development that occurs well beyond the limits of the current urbanized area, usually to take advantage of less expensive land Leapfrog Development
376 A new kind of zoning classification that stresses location of residential and commercial uses in close proximity and a greater density so people can walk to work, stores, and schools Mixed Use Development
377 Movement by architects and planners to build a more traditional neighborhoods that foster a sense of community – These neighborhoods emphasize people, not cars New Urbanism
378 Construction of small-scale developments on vacant pockets of land remaining within a city Infill Development
384 Only large landmass not a part of a sovereign state Antarctica
388 Control of an unorganized territory Colonialism
389 Control of an inhabited territory organized by indigenous people Imperialism
390 Largest remaining colony US Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
391 State shape in which the distance from the center does not vary significantly such as Poland Compact state
393 Two purposes of proruptions Access to a Resource, Separation of 2 States
394 Chile’s state shape Elongated state
395 Indonesia’s state shape Fragmented state
396 South Africa’s state shape Perforated state
397 An area between two states that is not completely controlled by either Frontier
398 UN zone separating the Turks and Greeks in Cyprus Green Line (not a frontier)
399 Disputed territory between Libya and Chad Aozou Strip
400 Usual shape of a geometric boundary Straight Line
402 Baltic Countries Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia
403 Largest multinational state Russian Federation
405 System of government in which most power rests with the central government Unitary
406 System of government in which power is shared by the national and provincial governments Federal
407 Drawing political districts to the advantage or disadvantage of a particular group Gerrymandering
408 Type of gerrymandering in which a group is broken up so it is a minority in many districts Wasted Vote
409 Type of gerrymandering in which a group is packed into as few districts as possible Excess Votes
410 Type of gerrymandering in which pockets of a particular group are linked together Stacked Vote
411 Organization replaced by the United Nations League of Nations
412 Term for the world of the Cold War which pitted NATO against the Warsaw Pact Bipolar World
413 The formation of alliances of approximately equal military power that tends to prevent conflict Balance of Power
414 International organization of American states that promotes social, cultural, and economic links Organization of American States (OAS)
415 Organization of African states that works to eliminate minority rule Organization of African Unity (OAU)
416 Organization of 48 states that were once a part of the British Empire that promotes economic and cultural cooperation Commonwealth of Nations
417 Economic alliance of communist countries that was disbanded in the 1990s Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON)
418 Free trade agreement between Mexico, the U.S., and Canada North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
419 Organization of countries that export large amounts of petroleum – By controlling worldwide supply, it influences prices Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
420 Economic unity of many European countries European Union (EU)
421 Common currency of many EU member countries Euro
422 The use of violence against non-military targets to intimidate states into changing policies Terrorism
423 Terrorist group responsible for the attacks in the U.S. on 9/11/2001 Al-Qaeda
424 The group that took control of the government of Afghanistan and assisted in the training of Al-Qaeda terrorists Taliban
425 Axis of Evil identified by President George W. Bush Iraq, Iran, North Korea
426 The study of the interplay between political relations and the territorial context in which they occur Geopolitics
427 Geopolitical theory that states that states need to grow or they will die Organic Theory
428 Geopolitical theory that identifies a political power base in the heart of Eurasia which will eventually dominate the entire world Heartland Theory
429 Geopolitical theory that identifies a political power base on the coastal fringes of Eurasia which will eventually dominate the entire world Rimland Theory
430 A core-periphery model of the spatial distribution of economic power – The core is made up of the strong states and the periphery is made up of the weak states World Systems Theory
431 Factors that influence the breakup of a state from within Balkanization/Devolution
432 Enclave of a nation into a territory of another state Irredentism
433 Use of armed forces in the aftermath of a conflict to underpin an enduring transition to democracy Nation-Building
434 Forced dispersion of the Jews by the Babylonians and later by the Romans in which they were routed from their traditional homeland and forced to live among the other nations of the world Diaspora
435 A state’s geographic shape which can have a decisive impact on its spatial cohesion and political viability Territorial Morphology
436 A capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border – It confirms the state’s determination to maintain its presence in the region Forward Capital
437 A boundary that passes through sparsely inhabited areas Antecedent Boundary
438 A boundary drawn during the course of development of the cultural landscape Subsequent Boundary
439 Forcibly drawn boundary across a unified cultural landscape Superimposed Boundary
440 A boundary that has ceased to function but whose imprints are still evident on the cultural landscape Relic Boundary
441 Conference in which the European powers decided upon the rules for colonizing Africa 1884 Conference of Berlin
442 Offshore territory claimed by states for their exclusive economic gain Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ)
443 The largest population cluster of a nation-state Core Area
2. Environment All of the biotic and abiotic factors that act on an organism, population, or ecological community and influence its survival and development. Biotic factors
3 The portion of the world’s land surface that is permanently settled by human beings Ecumene
4 A venture involving 3 or more national states – political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives Supranationalism
5 The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government Devolution
6 A force that unifies people Centripetal Force
7 A force that divides people Centrifugal Force
13 Four ways of identifying location Toponym, Site, Situation, Absolute
16 The process of the spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another Diffusion
17 Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships Cultural Ecology
18 Fundamental geographic question Why of Where?
19 The process whereby we think spatially, producing mental images of space which allows us to navigate and to communicate about the relative position of things in space Mental Mapping
31 Transferring the image of globe onto a flat sheet of paper Map Projection
32 Distortions created by map projections Relative Size, Shape, Distance, & Direction
39 Gathering of data from satellites for cartographic purposes Remote Sensing
40 Computer systems that process geographic data, usually to make layered maps (thematic layers) showing the correlation between various characteristics Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
50 The relative location of a place Situation
60 A region in which the characteristic(s) apply throughout Formal Region
69 The interdependence of places which occurs through networks in which people, ideas, and goods move between places Spatial Interaction
70 Something becoming worldwide in scope Globalization
76 Movement of a characteristic through the movement of people Relocation Diffusion
77 Permanent relocation diffusion Migration
78 Diffusion from a node of authority Hierarchical Diffusion
79 Rapid widespread diffusion Contagious Diffusion
80 Diffusion of an underlying principle rather than the intended feature Stimulus Diffusion
89 Ratio of the number of farmers to the amount of arable land Agricultural Density
90 Total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in an area Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
100 The number of people in the workforce compared to the number outside the workforce Dependency Ratio
110 A type of circulation mobility in which people move in a cyclical pattern Seasonal Mobility
114 Motivations to move away from a place Push Factors
115 Migration to a place (Into) Immigration
116 Motivation to move to a place Pull Factors
117 The mathematical difference between immigration and emigration Net Migration
128 Foreign citizens who are granted legal entry in order to work, but not to stay permanently Guest Workers
129 The mass emigration of talented people Brain Drain
134 Interregional migration to cities Urbanization
135 Interregional migration to the outlying communities around a city Suburbanization
136 Interregional migration to rural areas Counter- Urbanization
137 Migration that occurs in stages, such as to a nearby village and then to a town and then to a city Step Migration
139 The restriction of migration from Eastern Europe during the Cold War is an example of - An Intervening Obstacle
140 Mexican squatter settlement Colonia
141 “Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things” Tobler’s First Law of Geography
142 A model used to predict spatial interaction, where size (population) is directly related to interaction and distance is inversely related to interaction Gravity Model
150 Highly efficient method of shipping that uses steel boxes to ship goods that are easily transferred from ship to rail to truck Containerized Shipping
160 Man’s imprint on the natural landscape Cultural Landscape
170 An invented language of the twentieth century based on Latin that was intended to become a world language Esperanto
171 The communication system of a group of people Language 172 Written form of a language Literary Tradition
173 Language spoken by the largest number of people Mandarin Chinese
180 Largest language family Indo-European
190 The blending of Old English and French Middle English
200 A recognized or official language in an area standard Language
210 Two languages of Belgium French & Flemish
220 Founder of modern Turkey Ataturk
221 Body of water that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey Bosporus Strait
222 Nationality without a state in southern Turkey and northern Iraq Kurds
229 Interaction between two factors (groups) Spatial Convergence
230 Segregation between two factors (groups) Spatial Divergence
231 A religion that espouses the idea that there is one true religion for all people Universalizing
234 Monotheistic religion that developed in Southwest Asia about 3500 years ago Zoroastrianism
243 Followers of Islam, it means one who submits to the will of God Muslim
244 Arabic word for God Allah
245 Five pillars of Islam Faith, Prayer, Giving, Fasting, Pilgrimage
254 Buddha’s search for enlightenment Great Renunciation
255 Result of Buddha’s Great Renunciation 4 Noble Truths
256 State beyond suffering in Buddhism Nirvana
257 Means to achieving nirvana in Buddhism 8 Fold Path
263 Aryan religious texts upon which Hinduism is based Vedas
264 The creator god in Hinduism Brahma
265 The preserver god in Hinduism Vishnu
266 The destroyer god in Hinduism (not seen as evil) Siva/ Shiva
270 Founder of Daoism (Taoism) Lao-Zi (Lao Tse)
279 Belief that spirits are in animate and inanimate objects Animism
280 Founder of Christianity Jesus 281 Birthplace of Jesus Bethlehem
289 Answer to Martin Luther’s burning question Salvation Is Achieved Through Faith Alone
309 Forced dispersion of the Jews in 70 AD Diaspora
310 Buddha’s place of enlightenment Bodh Gaya
311 Birthplace of Muhammad Makkah (Mecca)
312 Housed in the Shrine al-Haram al-Sharif in Makkah – It represents the concept of monotheism Black Stone
313 Source of the Ganges River where Siva lives Mount Kailas
314 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Muslims Dome of the Rock
315 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Christians Church of the Holy Sepulcher
316 Holiest site in Jerusalem for Jews Western Wall
329 Fundamentalism group that took control of Afghanistan after the Soviet Army withdrew from the country Taliban
330 Fixed social class system in India (historic) Caste System
331 Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth Ethnicity
332 Identity with a group who share a common biological ancestor Race
333 Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities Racism
337 U.S. Supreme Court decision that established “the doctrine of separate but equal” Plessey v Ferguson
338 U.S. segregation laws Jim Crow Laws
339 U.S. Supreme Court decision which ended segregation in public schools Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
340 Taking advantage of “white flight” by buying property from whites who are fearful of blacks moving into their neighborhoods/ future lowering of property values and reselling it to blacks at large profits Blockbusting
341 Legal segregation policy in South Africa Apartheid
342 Leader of the African National Congress (ANC) and first black president of South Africa Nelson Mandela
343 One’s identification with a group of people who share legal attachment and allegiance to a particular country Nationality
344 Two principle ethnic/religious groups in South Asia Hindus & Muslims
345 Leader of the peaceful civil disobedience movement in India Mahatma Gandhi
352 African country in which six major clans have been waging a civil war resulting in a complete breakdown of government – Blackhawk Down took place here Somalia
353 Country in the Middle East that has experienced ethnic conflict as the proportions of various groups have changed – It is mostly controlled by Syria Lebanon
360 Two rival ethnic groups in Central Africa that have engaged in ethnic cleansing Hutus & Tutsis
361 World’s most fragmented state – It also have the highest number of Muslims Indonesia
362 Government program in Indonesia that provides incentives for people to move from densely populated islands to less densely populated ones Transmigration Program
370 A city neighborhood which is predominately occupied by Latinos Barrio
371 Region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress and often fragmented by aggressive rivals – Eastern Europe is an example Shatterbelt
372 That part of the cultural landscape that can be attributed to a particular ethnic group Ethnic Landscape
375 Development that occurs well beyond the limits of the current urbanized area, usually to take advantage of less expensive land Leapfrog Development
376 A new kind of zoning classification that stresses location of residential and commercial uses in close proximity and a greater density so people can walk to work, stores, and schools Mixed Use Development
377 Movement by architects and planners to build a more traditional neighborhoods that foster a sense of community – These neighborhoods emphasize people, not cars New Urbanism
378 Construction of small-scale developments on vacant pockets of land remaining within a city Infill Development
384 Only large landmass not a part of a sovereign state Antarctica
388 Control of an unorganized territory Colonialism
389 Control of an inhabited territory organized by indigenous people Imperialism
390 Largest remaining colony US Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
391 State shape in which the distance from the center does not vary significantly such as Poland Compact state
393 Two purposes of proruptions Access to a Resource, Separation of 2 States
394 Chile’s state shape Elongated state
395 Indonesia’s state shape Fragmented state
396 South Africa’s state shape Perforated state
397 An area between two states that is not completely controlled by either Frontier
398 UN zone separating the Turks and Greeks in Cyprus Green Line (not a frontier)
399 Disputed territory between Libya and Chad Aozou Strip
400 Usual shape of a geometric boundary Straight Line
402 Baltic Countries Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia
403 Largest multinational state Russian Federation
405 System of government in which most power rests with the central government Unitary
406 System of government in which power is shared by the national and provincial governments Federal
407 Drawing political districts to the advantage or disadvantage of a particular group Gerrymandering
408 Type of gerrymandering in which a group is broken up so it is a minority in many districts Wasted Vote
409 Type of gerrymandering in which a group is packed into as few districts as possible Excess Votes
410 Type of gerrymandering in which pockets of a particular group are linked together Stacked Vote
411 Organization replaced by the United Nations League of Nations
412 Term for the world of the Cold War which pitted NATO against the Warsaw Pact Bipolar World
413 The formation of alliances of approximately equal military power that tends to prevent conflict Balance of Power
414 International organization of American states that promotes social, cultural, and economic links Organization of American States (OAS)
415 Organization of African states that works to eliminate minority rule Organization of African Unity (OAU)
416 Organization of 48 states that were once a part of the British Empire that promotes economic and cultural cooperation Commonwealth of Nations
417 Economic alliance of communist countries that was disbanded in the 1990s Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON)
418 Free trade agreement between Mexico, the U.S., and Canada North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
419 Organization of countries that export large amounts of petroleum – By controlling worldwide supply, it influences prices Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
420 Economic unity of many European countries European Union (EU)
421 Common currency of many EU member countries Euro
422 The use of violence against non-military targets to intimidate states into changing policies Terrorism
423 Terrorist group responsible for the attacks in the U.S. on 9/11/2001 Al-Qaeda
424 The group that took control of the government of Afghanistan and assisted in the training of Al-Qaeda terrorists Taliban
425 Axis of Evil identified by President George W. Bush Iraq, Iran, North Korea
426 The study of the interplay between political relations and the territorial context in which they occur Geopolitics
427 Geopolitical theory that states that states need to grow or they will die Organic Theory
428 Geopolitical theory that identifies a political power base in the heart of Eurasia which will eventually dominate the entire world Heartland Theory
429 Geopolitical theory that identifies a political power base on the coastal fringes of Eurasia which will eventually dominate the entire world Rimland Theory
430 A core-periphery model of the spatial distribution of economic power – The core is made up of the strong states and the periphery is made up of the weak states World Systems Theory
431 Factors that influence the breakup of a state from within Balkanization/Devolution
432 Enclave of a nation into a territory of another state Irredentism
433 Use of armed forces in the aftermath of a conflict to underpin an enduring transition to democracy Nation-Building
434 Forced dispersion of the Jews by the Babylonians and later by the Romans in which they were routed from their traditional homeland and forced to live among the other nations of the world Diaspora
435 A state’s geographic shape which can have a decisive impact on its spatial cohesion and political viability Territorial Morphology
436 A capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border – It confirms the state’s determination to maintain its presence in the region Forward Capital
437 A boundary that passes through sparsely inhabited areas Antecedent Boundary
438 A boundary drawn during the course of development of the cultural landscape Subsequent Boundary
439 Forcibly drawn boundary across a unified cultural landscape Superimposed Boundary
440 A boundary that has ceased to function but whose imprints are still evident on the cultural landscape Relic Boundary
441 Conference in which the European powers decided upon the rules for colonizing Africa 1884 Conference of Berlin
442 Offshore territory claimed by states for their exclusive economic gain Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ)
443 The largest population cluster of a nation-state Core Area
Created by: 100000565970703