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USHistory Review 2

Goal 2

QuestionAnswer
Father of the American factory system who built the first cotton mill in Rhode Island Samuel Slater
Invented the process of separating seeds from fibers so that more cotton could be produced Eli Whitney
The "Great Compromise", American System, Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay
President who issued warning to European countries to stay out of Western Hemisphere James Monroe
President who won election of 1824 as a result of the "corrupt bargin" John Quincy Adams
Person MOST responsible for disrupting political unity and ending "Era of Good Feelings" Andrew Jackson
President known for the "Age of the Common Man" and policy of Indian Removal Andrew Jackson
South Carolina politician who opposed tariffs and favored states right and nullification John C Calhoun
Promoted nationalism by establishing language standards for American English Noah Webster
Father of Transcendentalism; promoted ideas of individualism, self-reliance, love of nature Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalist who lived on Walden Pond and wrote book "Civil Disobedience" Henry David Thoreau
Group of painters who promoted nationalism by painting natural landscapes Hudson River School
The term "Trail of Tears" is associated with the Cherokee Indians
Sought equal rights in the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions at Seneca Falls, NY Women
Thoreau said, "The government is best which governs least", agreeing closely with the ideas of Thomas Jefferson
American author wrote tales such as "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" Washington Irving
Reformer who worked to establish humane treatment of the mentally ill Dorothea Dix
Published the "Liberator" in which he condemned slavery on moral grounds William Lloyd Garrison
Published the "North Star" in which he told about evils of slavery and supported abolition Frederick Douglas
Daughters of SC slaveholders that became leading abolitionist in South Grimke Sisters
Abolitionist who traveled throughout North giving anti-slavery speeches Frederick Douglas
Reasons Americans went West Goldrush, Manifest Destiny, and Religious Freedom
Henry Clay's economic plan for the nation; included tariffs, internal improvements, and BUS (Banks of US) American System
John Marshall's Supreme Court decisions did this to the powers of the federal government Increased it
The idea that national interests should be placed ahead of regional or sectional interests Nationalism
Geographic link between the western states and the rest of the world before the Erie Canal Mississippi River
Missouri Compromise addressed this issue; declared Maine a free state and Missouri a slave state Slavery
Most significant impact of the Jacksonian Era on American policies Extension of Voting
The act of appointing political supporters and friends to government offices is known as the Spoils System
Ordinance of Nullification was passed by South Carolina in 1832 in reaction to Tariff of Abominations
Andrew Jackson's policy toward the eastern Indian tribes can BEST be characterized as Indian Removal
Northerners opposed this war because they knew Texas wanted to extend slavery into new territory Mexican-American War
Religious movement of the 1800s influenced social reform by inspiring believers to improve society 2nd Great Awakening
Many Southerners strongly defended this because the southern economy needed it to prosper Slavery
Transcendentalists believed the power to change the world rested with the Individual
Ideas emphasized by Transcendentalists Self-reliance, nature, abolition of slavery
Horace Mann was BEST associated with this reform movement Public Education
Act of disobeying laws that are unjust: Thoreau, Gandhi, King Jr Civil Disobedience
Name of movement that sought to end slavery in the United States Abolitionist
Religious group that influenced abolitionist with belief in "inner light" Quakers
Customs that controlled the lives of women in the early 19th century were referred to as this Cult of Domesticity
Name for pre-Civil War era Antebellum
In the mid-1800s most American manufacturing was located in the Northeast
War that led to argument over the extension of slavery into new territories Mexican-American War
Treaty with Spain that gave the US possession of Florida Adams-Onis Treaty
Treaty ended Mexican War, est Rio Grande River as southern border; led to conflict over slavery in the west Guadalope-Hidalgo
Doubled the size of US; unconstitutional, executive branch can't buy land Louisiana Purchase
Site gold was discovered to begin gold rush Sutter's Mill
Territory purchase that completed sized of US excluding Hawaii and Alaska Gadsden Purchase
Transportation improvement that improved trade between New York and the Ohio River Valley Erie Canal
Act that promoted nationalism by maintaining the balance of power in Congress Missouri Compromise
Supreme Court Case that extended federal control over interstate commerce Gibbons v. Ogden
Supreme Court Case that declared the Bank of the US to be constitutional McCullough v. Maryland
The name of tariff given by those who thought it hurt the South while helping northern businessmen Tariff of Abominations
Created by: rierei1971