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USHistory EOC Review

Goal 1

QuestionAnswer
Devised financial plan that led to creation of first political parties Alexander Hamilton
First political parties: Father of Federalist Party Alexander Hamilton
First political parties: Father of Democratic-Republican Party Thomas Jefferson
Issued Farewell Address warning of political parties and involvement in foreign affairs George Washington
Chief Justice of Supreme Court: Marbury v. Madison established Judicial Review (to declare laws unconstitutional) John Marshall
Who was the president who purchased the Louisiana Territory from France and used powers that were not mentioned in the Constitution Thomas Jefferson
President when France attempted to bribe American officials in the XYZ Affair John Adams
President who established traditions like 2-term presidency and isolationist foreign policy George Washington
President who sent Lewis and Clark on an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory Thomas Jefferson
War hero from Battle of Tippecanoe against Native Americans in western frontier William H Harrison
War hero from Battle of New Orleans who defeated British in War of 1812 Andrew Jackson
Americans who supported the War of 1812 were called this Warhawks
Wrote poem during War of 1812 that eventually became the Star Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key
The only people who could vote in the US until the 1820s Land-owning, white males
1st 10 Amendments to Constitution added to protect citizens from the government Bill of Rights
Gives US citizens right to criticize government; free speech, press, religion 1st Amendment
Principle of government in which power is divided between national and state government Federalism
Most important outcome of conflict over Hamilton's financial plan Creation of political parties
Interpretation of Constitution that government is limited; can only do what Constitution expresses Strict Interpretation; Republicans
Interpretation of Constitution that government can do anything not denied by the Constitution; implied power Loose Construction; Federalist
George Washington's response when Britain and France were at war in Europe Declaration of Neutrality
British practice of capturing US sailors and forcing them to serve in British navy Impressment
Part of the Constitution: Congress can pass laws necessary and proper to carry out its powers Elastic Cause
Said that states have the right to nullify federal laws if they are unconstitutional Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Important principle established by Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison Judicial Review
Most important result of War of 1812 Rise of Nationalism
Invention that caused a need for more slaves Cotton Gin
Washington and Hamilton demonstrated the power of the new federal government (to enforce laws) Whiskey Rebellion
Doubled the size of US; unconstitutional - executive branch can't buy land Louisiana Purchase
Effort to end violation of US freedom of the seas by cutting off all trade to Europe Embargo Act of 1807
Treaty with Great Britain that angered Americans because it did not end impressment Jay's Treaty
Treaty with Spain in which US gained access to Mississippi River Pinckney's Treaty
Controversial law passed by Federalists to punish people for criticizing the government Sedition Act
War of 1812 battle that inspired the writing of the Star Spangled Banner Fort McHenry
Convention held to oppose War of 1812; demonstrated sectionalism between North and South Hartford Convention
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 Treaty of Ghent
Battle fought after the conclusion of War of 1812 New Orleans
Of the first political parties, this one supported the French Republicans
The western boundary of the United States in 1783 Mississippi River
Prohibited slavery and created opportunities for settlers to acquire land Northwest Ordinance of 1785
By 1792, national leaders were divided into which two groups over the issue of the National Bank and power granted by the Constitution to the federal government Federalist and Republicans
Treaty of Greenville was an example of this Removal of Native Americans from their lands (they lost 2/3rds of their land in Ohio)
Act by first Congress established the Supreme Court and federal Court System Judiciary Act of 1789
An attempt by the Federalists to keep power in one branch after losing of the election in 1800 Midnight judges and Judiciary Act of 1789
As president, he reduced the national debt by cutting back on the navy and the size of the federal government Thomas Jefferson
This election revealed geographical sectionalism in the new nation Election of 1796
Causes of the War of 1812 Impressments, War Hawks, freedom of the seas, incitement of the Indians on American Western borders
As the first president, Washington's actions did this Set precedents for future presidents
The Louisiana Territory was important to the new nation for this reason Access to the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans
Hamilton used this to justify the creation of the National Bank Elastic Clause
In order to avoid war with Britain, Jefferson imposed Embargo Act of 1807
She asked her husband to "Remember the Ladies" and believed women deserved a voice in the laws since "All men would by tyrants if they could" Abigail Adams
Conflict over Hamilton's financial policies led to the formation of these Political Parties
The religious group that began to argue for abolition of slavery Quakers
Three events that harmed American trade from 1789-1812 French blockade of ports, impressments of sailors, and Embargo Act of 1807
The United States had to take a census in 1790 to establish this Representation for the House of Representatives
As a result of this, slavery had ended in most northern states by 1810 Gradual emancipation
Result of the Battle of New Orleans End of the Federalist Party
The main purpose of the Louise and Clark expedition To collect information about the Louisiana Territory
Great Britain angered western settlers by refusing to do this Evacuate fur trading posts in the Great Lakes
Washington signed the Jay Treaty in order to avoid this War with Britain
Their political job was to educate their children with civic virtues Republican Mothers
Results of the War of 1812 Era of Good Feelings ended political divisions; national pride and unity; economy boomed
Created by: rierei1971