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Ancient Rome T-2

Social Studies T-2 Mr. B

QuestionAnswer
Cleopatra Late 69 BC–August 12, 30 BC was an ancient Greek queen and the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great's death. spoke Greek and refused to learn Egyptian, Cleopatra did learn Egyptian and said she was Egyptian goddess Isis.
Roman Legion heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. It consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries.
Praetorian Guard A force of bodyguards used by Roman Emperors. The title was already used during the Roman Republic for the guards of Roman generals.
Centurion a professional officer of the Roman army
"Crossing the Rubicon" The crossing of a small stream in northern Italy became one of ancient history's most pivotal events. From it sprang the Roman Empire and the genesis of modern European culture.
assasinate To kill in secrecy, often for political reasons
"Et tu brute?" a Latin phrase often used poetically to represent the last words of Roman dictator Julius Caesar to his friend Marcus Brutus at the moment of his murder by stabbing. It can be variously translated as "You too, Brutus?" the quotation is found as betrayal
Scipio Aficanus
Pax Romana the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Sometimes refered to as the Pax Augustus
Appian Way One of the earliest and most important roads in the Roman republic, connects Rome, Brindisi, Apulia, and is in northeast italy
aqueduct aqueducts, with water being supplied by eleven aqueducts constructed over a period of about 500 years. They served drinking water and supplied the numerous baths and fountains in the city, as well as finally being emptied into the sewers.
colosseum the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. n engineering. its construction started in 72 AD Vespasian, was completed in 80 AD Titus Capable of seating 50,000 spectators,the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and battles, re-enactments
Parthenon dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their protector. Its construction began in 447 BC and was completed in 438 BC, although decorations of the Parthenon continued until 432 BC. It consists of dortic style columns
oculus a circular window
gladiator A gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic
Circus Maximus an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium
cuniculus
Roman Forum a small open rectangle surrounded by the ruins of ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this marketplace
Palatine Hills
Fasces
S.P.Q.R.
republic
mercenary
Tiber River
Baths of Caracalla
Londinium
Tyrrhenian Sea
Adriatic Sea
Alps
Apennine Mountains
Dictator
Christianity
Cicero
toga
Celts
Britain
Helvetia
inflation
denarii
Visigoths
Osogoths
Vandals
Latin
Cohort
Spartacus
Seneca
Martial
Province
Rubicon River
Germania
Messiah
Disciple
Gospel
Epistle
Martyr
Tribute
plebian
partrician
consul
Laws of the Twelve Tablets (Tables)
Roman assembly
Roman Senate
veto
Etruscans
Romulus and Remus
emperor
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar purposefully 2nd
Augustus Caesar
Pompeii
Herculaneum
Marcus Aurelius
Tajan
Hadrian
Nero
Tiberius
Caligula
Constantine
Hannibal
Carhtage (Carthaginians)
Punic Wars
Gaul
Vercengetorix
Attila the Hun
Pompey
Crassus
Gladius
Scutum
Ballista
Triumvirate
Paul
Judea
Pontius Pilate
Catacombs
Diocletian
Pilum
Pliny
Virgil
Livy
Seneca
Cassis
Lorica Segmentata
Catapult
Groma
Miliarium
"Beware the Ides of March"
Created by: Hannahb123