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New Mex History

QuestionAnswer
The Native Indians of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes
Spanish conquistador Cabeza de vaca reaches culiacdn, Mexico 1536
The Spanish explorer, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (1510-1554) explores the area from Gulf of California to present-day Kansas and discovers the Grand Canyon 1540
Fray Augustin Rodriguez and Captain Francisco Sanchez Chamuscado travel up the Rio Grande 1580
Fray Bernadino Beltran and Fray Antonio de Espejo travel to New Mexico 1582
Juan de Onate 1595-1628 establishes the first Spanish capital of San Juan de los Caballeros 1598
Battle at Aroma between Pueblo natives and Spaniards 1599
Juan de Onate 1595-1628 leads expedition to the Colorado River 1605
The terrifying Spanish Inquisition established in New Mexico 1626
Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo 1680
Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians Late 1600's
Second Pueblo Revolt-The Natives were defeated 1696
The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. 1756-1763
France gives England all French territory east of Mississippi River, except New Orleans. 1756-1763
The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for 1756-1763
Franciscan Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante explore route from out New Mexico to California. 1776
Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanche. 1786
The Early 1800's Native Indians of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes
Zebulon M. Pike (1779-1813), a native of New Jersey, leads first Anglo American expedition into New Mexico 1807
Mexico declares independence from Spain 1821
William Bucknell ( 1773 - ?) opens the Santa Fe Trail between Missouri and New Mexico 1821
Gold discovered in the Ortiz Mountains 1828
Las Vegas is the last Spanish colony established in North AmericA 1835
Texans invade New Mexico and claim all land east of the Rio Grande 1841
Mexican-American War begins. Stephen Watts Kearny ( 1794 - 1848) annexes New Mexico to the United States 1846
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-American War 1848
New Mexico (which included present-day Arizona, southern Colorado, southern Utah, and southern Nevada) is designated a territory but denied statehood 1850
The Gadsden Purchase adds 45,000 square miles to the territory 1854
Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo 1863
New Mexico is partitioned in half. Territory of Arizona is created 1863
William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) kills his first man with a knife in Silver City at the age of 12 years old 1871
The railroad arrives in New Mexico 1878
Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) is shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner 1881
Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest 1886
Pat Garrett is shot to death at the age of 57 in an argument with a rancher 1908
The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.  Origin of the name - Named after "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande 1898-1901
New Mexico admitted as the 47th state in the Union on January 6, 1912
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