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History Vocab 213

History vocabulary cards

Established Church The official church of a country.
Mayflower Compact A document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government.
Persecution Mistreatment because of beliefs or practices.
Migration The movement of people from one region to another.
Religious tolerance Respecting and allowing different religions.
Precedent An action or decision that later serves as an example.
Town Meeting A gathering of local people to make decisions.
Separatists/Saints/Pilgrims Members of a religious group who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. They wanted to separate from the Church of England.
Puritans They wanted to reform or purify the Church of England. They wanted to stay in England and change the church there rather than leave like the Pilgrims.
Immigrant A person who moves to one country to another.
Dissenter One who disagrees an opinion.
William Bradford Was one of the Pilgrim leaders,traveled on the Mayflower, was governor of the Plymouth Colony for 30 years, and was mainly in charge of the peace of the Pilgrims with the Native Americans, which lasted for 50 years.
Squanto Helped Pilgrims at Plymouth, taught them farming, fishing, and hunting, and aranged a peace treaty between the Pilgrims and the local chief, Massasoit, which lasted for 50 years.
Charles 1 King of England who raised taxes during hard economic times, was Head of the Church of England and began punishing Puritans because they were dissenters, and gave Puritans a charter to start Massachusetts Bay Colony.
John Winthrop Leader of the Puritans, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony for over 30 years, Judge in the trial of Anne Hutchinson.
Thomas Hooker Established the colony of Connecticut, wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut which established religious freedom for the first tim in the New World, and he allowed non-church members voting rights.
Roger Williams Was kicked out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, bought land from native Americans to begin the colony of Rhode Island, and established true freedom of religion.
Anne Hutchinson Spoke out against John Winthrop, held prayer meetings in her home put on trial and kicked out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and fled to Rhode Island and helped Roger Williams establish Rhode Island.
Massasoit "Great leader" or chief of the Wampanoag Confederacy. Made a treaty with the Pilgrims that lasted for 50 years. Participated in the Harvest Feast.
Samoset Entered the Pilgrim Village and welcomed them in English, which he had learned from traders. Introduced the Pilgrims to Massasoit.
Henry VIII Tossed the Catholic Church out of England. Founded the Church of England and made himself head of it.
Created by: ellie213