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U.S. History Rev. S1

Semester One U.S. History Review

QuestionAnswer
What year was the first permanent English settlement founded? 1607
When was the Declaration of Independence signed? July 4, 1776
When was the Constitution written? 1787
What document was signed in 1215 and limited the power of the king? Magna Carta
What document was written in 1689 that gave power to Parliament and listed the rights of English citizens? English Bill of Rights
What was the first representative assembly in North America? Virginia House of Burgesses
What was the first example of self-government in North America? Mayflower Compact
What was the first written constitution in North America? Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What was the name of the rejected plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin that would unite the colonies under one Government? Albany Plan of Union
What did the Proclamation of 1763 say? Colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What is the name of the document that ended the American Revolution and made the Mississippi River the western boundary of the United States? Treay of Paris 1783
What is the name of the first written Constitution in the U.S. that had many weaknesses? Articles of Confederation
What is the name of the document written in 1787 that established the U.S. government and divided it into three branches? U.S. Constitution
What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called? Bill of Rights
What was the name of the series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison? Federalist Papers
Why were the Federalist Papers written? To persuade colonists to ratify the constitution
What did the Northwest Ordinance do? Made a system for territories to apply for statehood
The period of religious enthusiasm in the American colonies is referred to as what? Great Awakening
What was the event where 5 American soldiers were shot and killed by British soldiers in March, 1770? It was also used as propaganda. Boston Massacre
This happened when colonists dressed as Native Americans and dumped Tea into Boston Harbor? Boston Tea Party
What act prompted the Boston Tea Party? Intolerable Acts
What was the pamphlet written to convince colonists that it was time to become independent from Britain? Common Sense
Who wrote Common Sense and The Crisis? Thomas Paine
What body governed the colonies after independence had been declared? Articles of Confederation
This occurred when farmers were arrested for not paying their debt? It also highlighted the weaknesses of the AOC. Shays' Rebellion
The purpose of this event was to make changes to the AOC. Constitutional Convention
Where was the Constitutional Convention held? Philadelphia at Constitutional Hall
This was an uprising of people who refused to pay a tax on alcohol. It was quickly squashed and proved the power of the national government. Whiskey Rebellion
Which act led to the 3rd Amendment in the Bill of Rights? Quartering Act
What was the name of the aggreement that created two houses of Congress? One would be based on population and the other would have equal representation. Great Compromise
What agreement was made during the Constitutional Convention determing the representation of slaves? 3/5 Compromise
What did the 3/5 Compromise say? Slaves counted as 3/5 a person when determing representation
What was the war that was fought between the French and British over control of North America? French and Indian War
Where were the first shots of the American Revolution fired? Lexington and Concord
What was the first official battle of the American Revolution? Bunker Hill
What battle is considered the turning point of the Revolution? Saratoga
What was the final battle of the American Revolution? Yorktown
Who was the man who saved Jamestown by implementing the "work or starve" rule? John Smith
Who is the man who made Jamestown prosperous by growing tobacco and married Pocahontas which helped relations with the Native Americans? John Rolph
Who founded Pennsylvania? Why? William Penn. To give Quakers religious freedom.
Who believed in the separation of church and state and founded a colony after being kicked out of Massachusetts? Roger Willimas
What colony did Roger Williams establish? Rhode Island
Who is the woman that was kicked out of Massachusetts for saying God spoke directly to her? Anne Hutchison
Who founded Georgia? Why? James Oglethorpe. For debtors
Who founded Maryland? Why? Cecil Calvert (Lord Baltimore). For the Catholics who wanted religious freedom.
Who started the Sons of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence? Samuel Adams
Who was the British monarch during the American Revolution? King George III
Who was the commander of the Continental Army and the first president of the U.S.? George Washington
Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What is the name of the Frenchman who believed in the Patriot cause and became a close friend to George Washington? Marquis de Lafayette
Who is the German who helped train the Patriots at Valley Forge? Friedrich von Steuben
Who was the British general that surrendered at Yorktown? Charles Cornwallis
This man was an American naval hero and is famous for his words, "I have not yet begun to fight." John Paul Jones
Patriot from Virginia who famously said, "Give me liberty or give me death!" Patrick Henry
Who proposed the Albany Plan and was also an inventor? Benjamin Franklin
Who is known as the Father of the Constitution? James Madison
What type of government has people elect representatives to make laws on their behalf? Representative
What is the document that outlines our government? U.S. Constitution
People in government positions being subject to the same laws as other citizens is referred to as what? Limited Government
What is the term used for the idea that political power rests with the people? Popular Sovereignty
What are rights that all citizens possess called? Individual Rights
The term used to refer to people electing representatives to make laws for them. Republicanism
This refers to the sharing of power between the state and national government. Federalism
What policy do we have in effect where each branch of government can check the other two to ensure that no branch becomes too powerful? Checks and Balances
The principle of the Constitution that states that each branch of government has a specific function. Separation of Powers
What are the three branches of government and their functions? Legislative - make laws Executive - enforce laws Judicial - interpret laws
The Supreme Court has the power to rule an act of Congress unconstitutional. What is this called? Judicial Review
What was the name of the plan that called for equal representation for all states in Congress? New Jersey Plan
What was the name of the plan that called for representation in Congress to be based on population? Virginia Plan
What is the introduction to the Constitution called? Preamble
What did the 13th Amendment do? Abolish slavery
What did the 14th Amendment do? Former slaves granted citizenship.
What did the 15th Amendment do? Suffrage (voting rights) given to black men
What were the people known as who supported ratification of the Constitution? Federalists
What were the people known as that were against ratification (approval) of the Constitution? Anti-federalists
What did the anti-federalists want before they would ratify (approve) the Constitution? Bill of Rights
A business funded by a group of people who make an investment and share in profits and losses. Joint Stock Company
The belief that a colony exists to benefit the mother country financially. Mercantilism
A business funded by a group of people who make an investment and share in profits and losses. Joint Stock Company
The belief that a colony exists to benefit the mother country financially. Mercantilism
Businesses compete for consumers who are free to decide where to purchase goods and the government has little control. Free Enterprise
Trade routes that existed between the 13 colonies, Africa, and the West Indies for the trading of rum, sugar, and slaves Triangular Trade
A person who receives passage to North America in exchange for work. Indentured Servant
Large farm that grew cash crops and was farmed by slaves. Plantation
Crops grown to sell. Cash crops
Tax placed on goods coming into the country. Tariff
A tariff placed on foreign goods to protect domestic industry. Protective tariff
People who wanted to "purify" the Church of England. Puritans
People who wanted to separate from the Church of England. Separatists
A change to the Constitution. Amendment
To officially accept or approve by vote. Ratify
Rights that all people have that cannot be taken away. Unalienable Rights
A person who wanted to end slavery in the U.S. was called a what Abolitionist
What colony was Jamestown located in? Virginia
What was the slogan that became the cry of the colonists after the various acts were passed? "No taxation without representation"
What is a patriot? An American colonist who fought for independence from Britain during the Revolutionary War.
What is a loyalist? A colonist who sided with Britain during the American Revolution.
Where do you find the phrase "life, libery, and the pursuit of happiness"? Declaration of Independence
What is a primary source? Primary is a first-hand account of events.
Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered the turning point of the Revolution? Saratoga was the greatest win so far in the war. It boosted morale and increased foreign support for the Patriots.
Name all of the Southern colonies. Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland
Name all of the Middle colonies. Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York
Name all of the New England colonies. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island
Created by: mharlan