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SS Exam Review

QuestionAnswer
Joint stock company backed up by investors who put in money to earn profits
charter document signed by the king to settle land in America
Jamestown first successful English settlement
John Smith brought order to Jamestown, "Those who does not work shall not eat"
indentured servants people who trade labor for passage to America
House of Burgesses first representative assembly in America
pilgrims separatist who fled to Plymouth
Mayflower Compact Colonist rights in Plymouth put on documents
Puritans separatist who wants to purify the Church of England and founded Massachusetts
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut created functional government for Connecticut
proprietary colony any of certain colonies that were granted to an individual or group by the British crown and that were granted full rights of self-government.
William Penn founder of Pennsylvania
Quaker Christians who believe that everyone should worship God in his/her own way
Royal Colony a colony that is over viewed by a royal governor appointed by the king and has an assembly
James Oglethrope founder of Georgia
Seven motives for European exploration in North America? Religion, wealth, pride, resources, fame, better trade routes, land claims
Motives for English colonization of North America Resources, trade, religious freedom, gold
Significance of 1607 and 1620? 1607- Jamestown established 1620- Plymouth was established
Importance of Magna Carta, House of Burgesses, Mayflower Compact, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Help create self- government in the Colonies
Backcountry Rugged land in the west of the colonies
Subsistence Farming Farming food enough for the whole family to eat
Triangle Trade trade route that goes from 13 Colonies to Africa carrying rum. Rum was traded for slaves in Africa. Slaves from Africa was traded in West Indies for sugar. Sugar was then sold in the Colonies and used to create more rum.
Navigation Act Law Parliament passed to get Colonies to only trade with England. Causes smuggling
Economic reasons for the establishment of the 13 colonies Trade and rich resources
Social reasons for establishment of the 13 colonies religious freedom,converting more to Christianity
How did England try to control colonies and their trade? Navigatin Act
Significance of Triangle Trade help merchants become wealthy
Reasons for development for plantation system help get more crops harvested
Major geographical features for colonies North- good ports and lots of wood Middle- rich land for growing wheat South- rich fertile soil good for growing cash crops
Enlightenment Intellectual movement
Benjamin Franklin Enlightenment, and greatest American inventor, scientist, printer, printed Poor Richard Almanac, statesmen, Congressmen, drafted Declaration of Independence, delegate to France.
John Locke Enlightenment, created that all men were equal idea that spurs the American Revolution
Magna Carta King James was forced to sign to limit his power and create Parliament
Parliament England's lawmaking body
salutary neglect England doesn't interfere with Colonies business
John Peter Zenger was brought to trial for freedom of press and speech. Created more tension between England and Colonies
Created by: gotrice
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