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ACE Personal Trainer Study Cards Ch2

How many pumps does the heart have? 1 The heart is a series of four separate pumps; the two primer pumps, the left and right atria, and the two power pumps, the left and right ventricles.
What is the difference between sensory nerve cells and motor nerve cells? 2 Sensory nerve cells carry the impulses form the peripheral receptors to the spinal cord and brain. Motor nerve cells carry impulses away from the CNS to respond to the perceived changes in the body's internal or external environment.
What kind of joint is the ankle? 3 A synovial or hinge joint that performs plantarflexion and dorsiflexion.
What are the three functional classifications of joints? What is this functional classification based on? 4 Fibrous, cartilaginous and diarthrodial. Functional classification of joints is based on the degree and type of movement they allow.
What are the three types of muscle tissue? 5 Skeletal, cardiac and visceral.
Which actions occur in the sagittal plane? 6 Flexion, extension, dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.
Which actions occur in the frontal plane? 7 Abduction, adduction, elevation, depression, inversion and eversion.
Which actions are multiplanar? 8 Circumduction and opposition.
Name some exercises for the erector spinae. 9 Squat, dead lift, prone back extension and good standing posture.
Which muscle(s) elevate the scapula? I. Trapezius II. Rhomboid major III. Latissumus dorsi IV. Levator scapulae 10 I, II, IV
Your left arm is located completely in which plane? A. Frontal plane B. Transverse plane C. Sagittal plane D. Superior plane 11 C. Sagittal plane
Define eversion and inversion. 12 Eversion: Movement of the sole of the foot outward; opposite of inversion. Inversion: Moving the sole of the foot inward; opposite of eversion.
Distinguish adduction from abduction. 13 Adduction: Movement of a body part toward the mid-line of the body; opposite of abduction. Abduction: Movement of a body part away from the mid-line of the body; opposite of adduction.
What is the rotator cuff? 14 Muscle group of the shoulder made up of the suprqaspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles (SITS muscles). Responsible for shoulder strength and stability.
What is a synergist? 15 A muscle that assits another muscle in its function
Name some exercises for the anterior tibialis. 16 Cycling with toe clips and resisted inversion.
Name some exercises for the gastrocnemius. 17 Hill running, jumping rope, cycling and stair climbing.
Name some exercises for the gluteus maximus. 18 Cycling, plyometircs, jumping rope, squats and stair climbing.
How many vertebra bones are in the lumbar area of the spine? 19 Five.
Define dorsal. 20 Anatomical term meaning the top surface of the feet and hands; toward the back; posterior; opposite of ventral.
Created by: icehands
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