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8th us history's

TermDefinition
when was Jamestown founded? 1607
What year was plymouth founded? 1620
What was the historical sucnicafince of the Virginia House of Burgeses? it was the 1st representative assembly
businsess in which investors pool their wealth in order to turn a profit joint stock company
a written contract issued by government giving the holder the right to establish a colony charter
the first permanent English settlement in North America Jamestown
soldier and adventure that took control of Jamestown John Smith
a person who sold his or her labor in exchange for passage to America indentured servant
created in 1662, the first representative assembly in the American colonies House of Bugesses
members of a the group that rejected the Church of England,sailed to America,and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620 pilgrims
an agreement established by men who sailed to America on the Mayflower, which called for the laws for the good of the colony and set forth the idea of self-government Mayflower Compact
members of a group from England that settled the Massachusetts Bay Clonony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church of England Puritains
set of laws that were established in 1639 by a Puritain congregation who had settled in the connecticut Valley and that expanded the idea of representative govvernment Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
colony with a single owner proprietary colony
founder of the Pennsylvania colony William Penn
person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony;accept different religions and ethnic groups Quaker
a colony ruled by govenors appointed by the king Royal Colony
this British general was the founder of the colony of Georgia James Oglethorpe
What were the seven motives for European exploration of North America? religion, wealth, glory, curiocity, fame, national pride, forein goods, and faster, cheaper trade routes
What were the motives for English colonization of North America? to get land and to be closer to the compotition
What is the significance of the years 1607 and 1620? 1607 was when Jamestown was founded. 1620 was when Plymouth was founded
What is the importance of the Magna Carta, House of Burgesses, Mayflower Compact, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut? they all helped with what people thought was
ran along Appalation Mountains through far western part ot other regions backcountry
farming that produces just enough food for your family and sometimes a little to trade subsistance farming
name of tradding route that had 3 stops triangle trade
series of laws passed by parliament, to ensure that England made money from its colonies navagation acts
importing or exporting goods ilegally smuggling
crop raised to de sold for money cash crop
the variety of people divercity
plant that yeilds a deep blue dye indigo
men hired by planters to watch over and direct the work of slaves overseer
mountain range running from Alabama into Canada Appalation Mountains
What were the economic reasons for the establishment of the 13 colonies? get more land
What were the social reasons for the establishment of the 13 colonies? be in the compotition for the New World
How did England try to control the colonies and their trade? through the navagation acts
What was the signifigance of the triangle trade? continuous trading route with 3 stops
Explain the reasons for the development of the plantation system? THe reason behind the plantation system is to hav a beter way to raise and sell cash crops.
Describe the the major geografical features for each colonial region. New England was the sea Middle was the mountains Souther was the hills
Describe the the major economic activities for each colonial region. New Englang was the sea the middle was farming grain and other cash crops southern was cash crops on plantations
relogouse movement throughout the colonies Great Awakening
best known preacher for the Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards
raised money for charities George Whitfield
emphasized reason and science as the paths to knowledge Enlightment
famous Enlightnment figure Ben Frankliln
said people are born with natural rights John Locke
document guarenteeing basic political rights in England Magna carta
England's chief lawmaking body Parliament
hands off policy salutary neglect
wrote negatively about the Britain government John Peter Zenger
conflict in North America between France and Britain in 1754 to 1763 French and Indain War
first formal proposal to unite the American colonies Albany Plan of Union
treaty that ended the French and Indian War in which Britain gained all of North America Treaty of Paris 1763
Order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from sailing West of the Applachian Mountains Proclamation of 1763
revolt against British forts and American settlers in 1763 in respons to settler's claims to Native American lands and harsh treatment from British soldiers Pontiac's Rebellion
What was the Great Awakening and what was its impact on the American colonies? it was a religous movement;its impact was people became more religous
What was the Enlightenment and what was its impact on the American colonies? it emphasized reason and science as the paths to knowledge ; the impact was people began to think more
What was the Albany Plan? Whose idea was it it was the first formal proposal to unite the American colonies; Ben Franklin 's idea
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris 1763? Britian got all the land east of Mississippi and to the west was Spain
How did Parliarment try to limit the exspansion of the colonies in 1763? by the Proclamation of 1763
was king juring the time of all the acts King George the 3rd
required colonies to house and supply British soldiers Quartering Act
required all legal documents to have an official stamp showing that a tax was payed Stamp Act
member of Virginia House of Burgesses Patrick Henry
refusal to buy goods boycott
colonists most effected by stamp act that protested Sons of LIberty
suspended assemblies and established taxes on goods brought into the colonies Townshend Acts
search warrant that allowed British soldiers to enter colonial houses or businesses to search for smuggled goods writs of assistance
leader of Boston Sons of Liberty Samuel Adams
clash between Boston colonists and British soldiers in 1770, which 5 colonists were killed Boston Massacure
group of people in the colonies who exchanged letters on colonial affairs committee of correspondence
dumoing of 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists to protest the Tea Act Boston Tea Party
series of laws passed by Parliament to punish Massachucetts colonists for Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts
meeting of delagates from all colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights 1st Continental Congress
2nd messanger to warn colonists the British were coming to Lexington And Concord Paul Revere
person still loyal to England Loyalist
those who sided with the rebels Patriot
in Massachusetts ; the 1st battles of the American Revolution Lexington and Concord
governing boby whose delagates agreed to form the continental army and to approve the Declaration of Independance 2nd Continental Congress
a leader of expedition to draw Canadians to the Patriot camp Benedict Arnold
author of the Declaration of Independance Thomas Jefferson
document in which the colonists declared their independance from Britian Declaration of Independance
Why was Britian taxing the colonies? to gain money to pay off debt from French and Indian War
Why were the colonists upset by all the taxes being levied by the British? they didn't have any say in Parliament
What role did the Sons of LIberty play in protesting the various acts Britian passed? they did most of the protesting
What was the 1st Continental Congress and what did it accomplish? it was a meeting of delagates from all colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights and it accomplished being the first time the states got to gether in a meeting for the colonies
How was the Boston Massacure Massacure used to show that England was being unreasonablle? it showed that the British soldiers fired on unarmed colonists
what was the main idea behind the Declaration of Independance? to formally break free from England
Give an example of an unalienable right? life
commander of Continental Army George Washington
professional soldier hired to fight for foreign country mercenary
an overall plan of action strategy
seiries of conflicts between British soldiers and the Continental Army that proved to be the turning point in the American Revolution Battle of Saratoga
long knife attached to the end of a gun bayonet
to leave military desert
a privatly owned ship that has governments permission during wartime to attack an enemy's merchant ships privateer
won battles at the sea John Paul Jones
British General that was often going after Lord Cornwallis
small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-run-hit attacks guerrilla
American and French troops bombarded Yorktown with cannon fire Battle of Yorktown
treaty that ended the Revolutionary War, confirming the independance of the United Sates and setting the bountries of the new nation Treaty of Paris 1783
village in southeast Pennsylvannia and site of Washington's army camp during the winter of 1777-1778 Valley Forge
19 year-old French nobleman who volentered to serve Washington's army Marqueuis de Lafayette
What role did George Washington play in the American Revolution? he was the commander of the Continental Army
What were the conditions like at Valle Forge? cold, no food, barely any warmth, dieases, and death
How did the countries of Spain and France help with the Americans? after the battle of Saratoga, they started to give them supplies
What were the advantages of the British during the war? more people, more funding, more exsperiance
What were the advantages of the Americans during the war? knowledge of the land, more motivation
What were the terms of the treaty of Paris 1783? that Britian was to reconize the United Sates being independant, the boundries, US had right to fish in Canadian waters,and each side would repay its debt
a document, adopted by the Continental Congress, that outlined the form of government of the new United States Articles of Confederation
plan for surveging and selling the federally owned land Land Ordiance of 1785
territory covered by the Land Ordiance of 1785 Northwest Territory
described how the Northwest Territory was to be govern and set solutions for settlement settlers and settler's rights Northwest Ordinance of 1787
an uprising of debtridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787 Shay's Rebellion
meeting held in Philadelphia to consider changes in the Articles of Confederation Constitutional Convention
often called father of the Constitution; was one of the most ablest delagates James Madison
propsed a government with 3 branches and a two-hosed legistalure in which representatives would be based on state's population or wealth Virginia Plan
plan of government that called for a one-housed legislature in which each state would have equal vote New Jersey Plan
Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house legislature, with al stateshaving equal representation in one house and each state having representatives based on population in other house Great Compromise
Constitutional Convention's agreement to court 3/5 of a state's slave population for purposes of representatives and and taxation Three-Fifths Comprmise
supporter of the Constitution Federalists
person opposed of ratification of the U.S. Constitution Anti-Federalists
series of essays explaing and defining the Constitution The Federalist Papers
most influential Virginian besides Washington ; was Anti-Federalist George Mason
1st ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution and consistening of formal list of citizen's rights Bill of Rights
What were the strengths and weeknesses of the Articles of Confederation? it helped country through a hard time/ government couldn't tax
Explain what the Land Ordiance of 1785 and Northwest Ordinance of 1787 did and why they were important to the future of the nation? they organized how a territory was to be govern/they are now how lands can become states
What roles did Washington, James Madison, Rodger Sherman, and Ben Franklin have at the Constitutional Convention? they all were federalists
Who were the leading Federalists and the leading Anti-Federalists? James Madison,Thomas Jefferson,John lay, Alexander Hamilton/George Mason, Patrick Henry,
Why are the Federalist Papers significant? they helped people lean more towards being a Federalist
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? to ensure that people gets rights the government can't take away
government in which people rule Popular Sovereinty
exercise power by voting Republicism
poer shared between states and national government Federalism
no 1 branch has all the power Separation of Powers
each branch relies on one another to preform the work of government Checks and Balances
requires all citizens,even government, to obey the law Limited Government
personal liberties and privaledges; Bill of Rights protect them Individual Rights
the begining of douments Preamble
Which article of the Constitution discusses the power of the executive branch? article 2
Which article of the Constitution discusses the power of the judicial branch? article 3
Which article of the Constitution discusses the power of the legislative branch? article 1
What is the purpose of a veto? to be sure that the bill is worth becoming a law
Which amendment defines the five freedoms? list lose 5. the 1st amendment 1.freedom of religion 2. freedom of speech 3.Freedom of the press 4. freedom of Assembly 5.freedom of petition
Which amendment was created due to the Quartering Act? 3rd amendment
THe abuse of writs of assistance by the British led to which amendment? the 4th amendment
government in which the people rule Democracy
government in which people elect representatives to govern them Republic
government headed gy an elected legislature Parliamentary democracy
the person in charge is determined by who's in the royal family Absolute, cermonial and constitutional monarchies
dictator hols all the power Dictatorship
small gruop of people totally control everything Communism
The significance of 1754 is... The French and Indian War
This treaty ended the the French and Indian War. Treaty of Paris 1763
in 1770 this shooting happened in Boston? Boston Massacure
In 1773, the dumping of tea into the Boston harbor due to rebel was called what? Boston Tea Party
when was the 2nd Continental Congress in 1775
1776 was when this happened? Declaration of Independance
what happened in 1777 that was the turning point of the American Revolution? the Battle of Saratoga
This treaty ended the American Revolution? Treaty of Paris 1783
when was the Constitutional Convention held? Constitutional Convention
Created by: b0303642