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Unit Five AP

Mrs. Grieve's Unit Five (Civil War) APUSH

First State to Secede from Union South Carolina
The Event that Started the Civil War Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
Confederacy the South in the Civil War
confederation a loose association of states who share a weak central government
Union the North in the Civil War
Years of the Civil War 1861-1865
West Virginia became a state in 1863 because it consisted of counties in a southern state that were opposed to slavery
border states slave states – Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri – that remained loyal to the Union; the secession of these states would have considerably strengthened the South
Ironclads wooden ships with metal armor that were employed by both sides during the Civil War
King Cotton Diplomacy southern war strategy that said Great Britain’s dependence on southern cotton would force Great Britain to recognize the Confederacy and help it fight the North
Anaconda Plan Union strategy of blockading southern ports to prevent supplies from reaching the South
attrition Union strategy of using its superior numbers to wear the South down over time
Vicksburg Union victory that gave it control of the Mississippi River and thus divided the Confederacy in half
Gettysburg Union victory in Pennsylvania that crippled the South’s offensive capabilities
“March to the Sea” Union General William Sherman’s campaign that sought to break southern morale; destroyed everything in its path from Chattanooga to Savannah (including Atlanta)
Antietam Union victory which resulted in British decision NOT to side with South; deadliest day in American history (22,000 killed)
contraband property seized from the enemy; slaves were considered this
Confiscation Act 1861 allowed slaves to be seized by Northern army as contraband
Confiscation Act 1862 freed slaves of anyone engaged in rebellion against US and allowed president to use freed slaves in Union army
Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln’s declaration of 1862 that freed all slaves in those states that were in rebellion (but not those in the border states)
Massachusetts 54th Regiment most famous black regiment of the Civil War
Thirteenth Amendment emancipated every slave in the United States
writ of habeas corpus literally means “you shave have the body”; a judicial principle that states an accused person should be brought before a judge and informed of the charges against him or her
Conscription Act of 1863 (North) declared all men 20-45 eligible for draft; could avoid if you found a substitute or you paid $300 fee
New York City Draft Riot carried out by poor, mostly Irish-Americans; attacked blacks and rich whites in response to Conscription Act of 1863; 117 killed
Appomattox place in Virginia where Robert E. Lee (South) officially surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant (North)
Ulysses S. Grant Union general whose strategy of attrition won the war
Robert E. Lee Confederate general whose tactical abilities won numerous battles for South early in the war
John Wilkes Booth assassin of Abraham Lincoln
Created by: bjgrieve