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Social Studies 7th

Chapter 3

QuestionAnswer
What is a charter? A government issued document that grants rights to people or companies
Who is John Smith? First leader of Jamestown (sent here from London)
What is a representative government? When voters elect people to make laws
Who was a pilgrim? A person who takes a religious journey
Who was Squanto? Native American who brought seeds to the pilgrims for corn, beans, and pumpkins
Who was John Winthrop? A respected land owner and lawyer
What is toleration? recognition that other people have the right to different opinions
Who was Roger Williams? Minister of a church in the town of Salem Mass.
Who was Anne Hutchinson? Questioned some of the puritan teachings. A symbol for religious tollerance.
who was Thomas Hooker? A minister that disagreed with the Puritan leaders.
Who was John Wheelright? Forced to leave Mass.set up governement with elected legislature
What is a town meeting? An assembly of towns people that decide local issues.
What is a proprietary colony? A colony created by a grant of land from a monarch and given to an individual or family
What is a royal colony? A colony controlled by English king.
Who was William Penn? A welathy man who founded Pennsylvania for the Quakers to keep them from persecution
Who was Nethaniel Bacon? Leader of the fronteir settlers
What is a debtor? people who owe a lot of money
What was a plantation? A very large farm
Who were the puritans? religious group founded (started) in Massachusets
What were cash crops? crops sold for money (rice, sugar, tobacco, cotton)
What was the House of Burgesses? Representative asssembly in Colonial Virginia that allowed settlers to elect representatives to make laws for colonies
What was the magna carta? Document that guaranteed the rights to English nobles.*NO TAXATION without REPRESENTATION*
What was a parliament? a two house legislature
What was the mayflower Compact? September 1620-100 pilgrims saliled for Virginia(freedom) on a ship called the Mayflower
Puritans moved to the Caribbean for Sugar
Why did Puritans move to New England? to practice religion in peace
What kind of problems did colonists have in Jamestown? swampy land, mosquitos, bad drinking water
What type of government did Jamestown have? House of Burgusesses
What type of government did the Puritans have? Democracy
Where was Jamestown located? Virginia
Where were the Puritans started? Massachusettes
Who led the puritans? John Winthrop
Puritans moved to the Caribbean for Sugar
Why did Puritans move to New England? to practice religion in peace
What kind of problems did colonists have in Jamestown? swampy land, mosquitos, bad drinking water
What type of government did Jamestown have? House of Burgusesses
What type of government did the Puritans have? Democracy
Where was Jamestown located? Virginia
Where were the Puritans started? Massachusettes
Who led the puritans? John Winthrop
What crop helped Jamestown thrive? tobacco
Who were separatists? puritans who settled in Holland
What was the mayflower compact? 100 pilgrims sailed for Virginia aboard a ship
What was the Geography of New England? hills,low mountains, forests, poor soil, near the coastline
What was King Philip's war? Native Americans were wiped out by disease
What states were in the middle colonies? New york, NJ, Penn., and Delaware
What was the Mason Dixon Line? A boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania sperating the middle from the southern
Who were the Spaniards who helped establish missions in Texas and California? Francisco and Junipero Serra
Why did 1000's of Native Americans die during missions? diseases
What were presidios? military posts used to defend missions
Created by: tbugbee