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Unit 3 Government

8th Grade U.S. History

QuestionAnswer
Articles of Confederation 1st plan of government of U.S.; each state had one vote, but could not tax. (Just a loose league of states)
Republic Type of government in which the people elect representatives
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise where slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person for a state’s representation in Congress
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments. Establishes the rights guaranteed to each citizen, such as freedom of speech, the press, religion, trial by jury…
The Great Compromise Compromise of both… New Jersey Plan: each state has 2 Senators. Virginia Plan: House of Representatives is based on a state’s population
Checks & Balances System of U.S. govt. that keeps one branch from being more powerful than the others
Separation of Powers Each branch of government has specific & separate duties and responsibilities
Articles of Confederation 1st plan of government of U.S.; each state had one vote, but could not tax. (Just a loose league of states)
Republic Type of government in which the people elect representatives
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise where slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person for a state’s representation in Congress
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments. Establishes the rights guaranteed to each citizen, such as freedom of speech, the press, religion, trial by jury…
The Great Compromise Compromise of both… New Jersey Plan: each state has 2 Senators. Virginia Plan: House of Representatives is based on a state’s population
Checks & Balances System of U.S. govt. that keeps one branch from being more powerful than the others
Separation of Powers Each branch of government has specific & separate duties and responsibilities
Anti-Federalists Person who supported strong state govt. & weak central govt. A person against the constitution
Federalism Sharing of power between federal & state governments
Democracy Type of government in which the “people rule”
Federalist Papers Newspaper articles written by Hamilton & Madison supporting the Constitution
Federalists Believed in a strong central government. A person in favor of the Constitution
Legislative Branch The branch of government that makes the laws
Judicial Branch The branch of government that interprets the laws
Executive Branch The branch of government that enforces the laws
Civil Disobedience Peacefully refusing to obey laws that one considers unjust
George Mason Wrote Virginia Bill of Rights; example for U.S. Bill of Rights
Civic Virtue Willingness to work for the good of the nation even at great sacrifice
Popular Sovereignty The idea that gov’t receives its authority from the people (ex. “We the People” and “consent of the governed)
1787 The Constitution is written and ratified (approved)
James Madison “Father of the Constitution” b/c took notes; wrote Federalist papers supporting Constitution
impeach To formally accuse an official of a crime related to governmental duties
Due process Rules that protect the rights of the accused
amendment Any change made to the Constitution
Limited Government There must be restrictions on governments power. The Constitution limits the power of the government.
Republicanism Principle of government in which government power comes from the people through elections.
Judicial Review The Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional (Judicial Checks Legislative)
Created by: Emensa