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visceral gastric

Visceral Gastric Pathology

QuestionAnswer
This disease is familial and more common in the first born white male congential pyloric stenosis
Concentric enlargement of the pyloric sphincter and narrowing of the pylorus congenital pyloric stenosis
This presents with visible peristalsis from left to right and a palpable olive-like mass in the abdomen congenital pyloric stenosis
clinical findings for this disease include non-bilious projectile vomiting congenital pyloric stenosis
What is the treatment for congenital pyloric stenosis? surgery
Acute hemorrhagic (erosive) gastritis is primarily casued by what? Drug and stress ulcers
These occur in severely burned persons Curling Ulcers
Clinical Findings for this disease include vague abdominal discomfort or massive, life threatening hemmorrhage or clinical manifestations of gastric perforation Acute hemorrhagic gastritis
Autoimmune atrophic gastritis is a type of what? chronic gastritis
This is associated with pernicious (megaloblastic) anemia Autoimmune atrophic gastritis
Pernicious anemia is caused by what? malabsorption of vit B12 due to a deficiency of intrinsic factor
diffuse atrophic gastritis in the body and fundus of the stomach is a finding for what disease? autoimmune atrophic gastritis
this disease will show antibodies to parietal cells and intrinsic factor autoimmune atrophic gastritis
Reduced (hypochlorhydria) or absence of gastric secretion (achlorhydria) is a sign for what disease? autoimmune atrophic gastritis
G cell hyperplasia and increased serum gastrin are signs for what? autoimmune atrophic gastritis
This has an unknown etiology and is not linked to autoimmune phenomena environmental or multifocal atrophic gastritis
multifocal atrophic gastritis is classified as what? chronic gastritis
This type of gastritis involves the antrum and is more common than autoimmune gastritis environmental or multifocal atrophic gastritis
This disease is associated with hypochlorhydria environmental or multifocal atrophic gastritis
what happens in both atrophic and environmental atrophic gastritis in regards to epithelium? stomach mucosa is replaced by intestinal mucosa
People with atrophic or environmental atrophic gastritis are at higher risk for developing what? gastric adenocarcinoma
Helicobacter gastritis is associated with what and what are the signs/symptoms? helicobacter pylori, dyspepsia (heartburn)
This is associated with Tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, Crohn's disease or idiopathic Granulomatous gastritis
This is found in patients who use NSAIDs chronically chemical or reactive gastropathy
In this disease the gastric mucosa is characterized by large brain like convolutions and protein loss from altered gastric mucosa Menetrier disease: Hyperplastic Hypersecretory gastropathy
In this disease the patient will present with postprandial pain with pedal edema, ascites and cahexia (losing weight) menetrier Disease: Hyperplastic hypersecretory gastropathy
This is considered a precancerous condition Menetrier disease
This disease is characterized by focal mucosal destruction caused by the actions of gastric secretions peptic ulcer disease
10% of populations are affected, and this disease is common in the distal stomach and proximal duodenum peptic ulcer disease
The duodenal form of this is more common than the gastric form peptic ulcer disease
Gastric ulcers are common in who? elderly people
Duodenal ulcers are common in who? young males
Predisposing factors for this disease include cigarette smoking, NSAIDs, people with type O blood gp, and epithelial injury by H. Pylori Peptic Ulcer disease
signs and symptoms of this disease include dyspepsia and epigasstric pain peptic ulcer disease
Complications of peptic ulcer disease include hemorrhage, obstruction, perforation, peritonitis
After food intake, patients with gastric ulcers will present how? pain after 10-15 min; patient will be afraid to eat and will lose weight (cachexia)
After food intake, patients with duodenal ulcers will present how? Pain in 1-2 hours, patient will eat again and gain weight
epigastric pain during the day is characteristic of what? gastric ulcer
pain in the low back at night while lying down is characteristic of what? duodenal ulcer
melena is a symptom of what? duodenal ulcer
hematemesis is a symptom of what? gastric ulcer
Benign gastric neoplasm tubular adenoma
Malignant gastric neoplasm gastric adenocarcinoma
People who eat a high nitrasamine diet (large amounts of starch, smoked fish and meat, pickled vegetables) are at higher risk for what? developing a gastric cancer
people who have blood type A are more prone to develop what? gastric neoplasm
gastric ulcers are divided how? fungating mass, malignant ulcer with raised, everted edges, or diffused type- linitis plastica (stomach shrunken with thick wall)
what will you find microscopically in people with gastric neoplasms? signet ring cells
Clinical symptoms of what inclde weight loss, anorexia, hemetemesis, anemia, left clavicular lymph node enlargement thr' metastasis gastric neoplasm
What is a tricobezoar> foreign bodies altered by the digestive process
Created by: kissukels587