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visceral esophagus

visceral pathology esophagus pathology

QuestionAnswer
What is the etiology of Trachea-esophageal fistula, esophageal diverticulum and esophageal web/ring? Congenital
Aspiration pneumonia in the infant Trachea-esophageal fistula
This causes halitosis Espohageal Diverticulum
This is associated with iron-deficiency anemia and causes dysphagia esophageal web/ring
Motor dysfunction of the esophagus Dysphagia
dysfunction of striated muscled of the upper espohagus causes this Dysphagia
A skeletal muscle disorder such as myasthenia gravis will cause what? dysphagia
A neurological disorder such as stroke will cause what? Dysphagia
A peripheral neuropathy such as diabetes mellitus or alcoholism will cause what? Dysphagia
Impaired lower esophageal sphincter Achalasia
Achalasia will present with what? absence of peristalsis in the upper esophagus, food is retained and the esophageal dilation is proximal to the LES
This is associated with loss or absence of ganglion cells in the esophageal myyenteric plexus Achalasia
Fibrosis in the esophagus along with the dermis Scleroderma of the esophagus
Herniation of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus in the diaphragm Hiatal Hernia
Upward herniation of the gastric mucosa above the diaphragm Sliding hernia
Upward herniation of the stomach by the side of the esophagus Paraesophageal hernia
What are signs/symptoms of Hiatal Hernias? Heartburn, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflex
This is caused by regurgitation of gastric contents Reflex esophagitis
This is caused by agents that decrease the pressure of the LES Reflex esophagitis
Alcohol, chocolate, fatty foods, cigarette smoking, pregnancy and estrogen therapy will all do what? decrease the pressure of the LES
This is commonly found in immunocompromised patients Candidal Esophagitis
Signs and Symptoms of this include dysphagia and odynophagia candidal esophagitis
Occurs in accidental (children) or attempted (adults) poisoning by lye or strong acids Chemical esophagitis
As a result of chronic GE reflux, the normal stratified squamous epithelium of the LE is replaced by columnar epithelium of the stomach Barrett's Esophagus
This disease may predispose a patient to adenocarcinoma Barrett's Esophagus
Varicosity of esophageal veins at the lower third Esophageal Varices
This is a hallmark of portal hypertension Esophageal Varices
patient history of someone with esophageal varices includes what? cirrhosis
This disease causes hematemesis Esophageal Varices
Severe retching at the GE junction associated with alcoholism Mallory Weiss Syndrome
This will present as "cork screw" or "rosary" esophagus in the barium meal series Diffuse esophageal spasm
Diffuse esophageal spasm is caused by what? Muscular thickening that causes spasm
Benign tumor of the esophagus leiomyoma
Malignant tumors of the esophagus include what? squamous cell carcinoma (around the world), adenocarcinoma (US)
Risk factors for developing a squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus? cigarette smoking and alcohol
Risk factor for developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus? Barrette's esophagus
dysphagia and cachexia are clinical findings for what? tumors of the esophagus
Created by: kissukels587
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