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WHBI5 Colonial/Revol

Colonial Times and the Revolution

charter A document giving a person or group official approval to take a certain action.
delegate A representative to the Constitutional Convention.
Parliament The part of the British government in which members make laws for the colonists and the people of Britain.
Articles of Confederation A document adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and approved by the states in 1781. It was the first constitution of the United States.
Loyalist A colonist who supported the British monarch and laws (also known as Tories.)
American Revolutionary War A war fought for the independence of the American colonies from Great Britain.
independence Freedom to govern one’s own.
Continental Congress A meeting of representatives of the British Colonies.
Patriot A colonist who was against British rule.
Quartering Act A law passed by the British Parliament requiring colonists to house British troops.
congress A meeting of representatives who have the authority to make decisions.
indentured servant A person who agreed to work for someone in colonial America for a fixed amount of time in order to pay for his/her ocean voyage.
naval Of or having to do with the navy
Battle of Saratoga A conflict won by the colonists during the Revolutionary War. It is sometimes called the turning point of the war.
immigration The process of leaving one country to live in another.
neutral Not taking sides.
slaves People owned by other people and forcing them to work
rebel A person who opposes those in charge by fighting because of different ideas about what is right.
ally A country that agrees to support another country to help achieve a common goal.
The Stamp Act A law passed by the British Parliament in 1765 requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and playing cards.
Declaration of Independence The official document issued by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, explaining why the American colonies were breaking away from Great Britain.
Second Continental Congress A meeting in Philadelphia in 1775 of delegates from all 13 colonies which established a colonial army and declared American independence.
Battle of Lexington and Concord The first battle of the American Revolution (in a small town near Boston, MA)
Emancipation Proclamation A document from Abraham Lincoln, that proclaimed slaves to be free in the states of the Confederacy.
French and Indian War A conflict between Great Britain and France in North America from 1756 to 1763. British colonists used this name to describe those who were fighting – the French and their Native American allies.
Boston Tea Party A 1773 protests against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston harbor.
revolution A sudden complete change of government.
time line A diagram showing the order in which events took place.
Battle of Yorktown The last major battle of the Revolutionary War took place at this small Virginia town.
Created by: idickens