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History and Geo 902

Unit 2 test

How can congress override a veto? By a 2/3 vote in Both houses.
What is the elastic clause? Congress can pass all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duty
What is pigeonholing? placing aside a bill in committee
Who has the power to grant pardons? The president
What is the purpose of our National government? to protect the rights of its citizens
Define Democracy... A government where the people control their own affairs
What are the 3 branches of government? Executive, Judicial, and legislative
What was the Second Continental Congress? IT was the government responsible for writing the Articles of Confederation
The senate and the House of Representatives make up our what? Congress
What is a Congressman-at-large? A representative who is elected by all the voters of the state
Who is the President-pro-tempore? The presiding officer of the senate when the vice president is not there.
Who is commander-in-chief of the armed forces? The president
The president has to power to ____ a bill if he disagrees with it. Veto
Which court hears Federal cases first? district Court
What is the highest court in the country? Supreme Court
Where does the government receive its authority? from the consent of the governed
The US has what form of democracy? constitutional or representative
The preamble the amendments and the seven articles are all a part of what document? Constitution
Inability to tax, unable to call out troops, and no courts to settle disputes... were all weaknesses of the ... Articles of the Confederation
How long a term does a senator serve? six-year
How many members does the House of Representatives have? 435
Who is the sergeant at Arms? the congressional aide who prevents trouble from happening
Which committee helps the party whip guide laws through congress? Steering
What are the three types of powers that congress has? inherent, implied, and expressed
How are congress's powers limited? by the constitution, public opinion, and the supreme court
Who is the presiding officer of the house? The Speaker of the House
Who are the cabinet? The president's chief advisors
of what advantage are the checks and balances? they limit the governmental powers
Which branch of government makes the laws? legislative
What is a census? a counting of the population
What is the method of electing presidents called? the electoral college
Who decides if a law is constitutional? judicial review
What is a standing committee? a permanent committee
Which branch enforces laws? the executive branch
What does the judicial code do? governs Federal courts
What are the first ten amendments called? Bill of Rights
What does the tenth ammndment state? IT reserves powers for the states
Created by: kjproverbs356