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History Unit 3

Columbian Exchange the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa
Circumnavigate to travel all the way around the globe
Conquistador a Spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Encomienda System a system in Spanish America that gave settlers the right to tax local Indians or to demand their labor in exchange for protecting them and converting them to Christianity
Plantation a large farm that usually specialized in growing one kind of crop for profit
Protestant Reformation a religious movement begun by Martin Luther and others in 1517 to reform the Catholic Church
Spanish Armada a large Spanish fleet defeated by England in 1588
Northwest Passage a nonexistent path through North America that early explorers searched for that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
Charter an official document that gives a person the right to establish a colony
Sea Dogs Pirates who worked for Queen Elizabeth the first, to steal from the Spanish.
Tenochtitlan the Aztec capital city in Mexico that Cortez conquered.
viceroy Soanish governor in the colony
Middle Passage a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
African Diaspora the population of displaced Africans and their descendants around the world.
Created by: jennaizbeast