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Humn exam III

QuestionAnswer
Twelve Tables written laws that put an end to patrician monopoly of the laws. starting point for traditional Roman law
Hannibal Carthaginian general who was one of the best military strategists in history
Battle of Canae turning point during 2nd Punic War
Republic power rested with the people assembled together & that magistrates served the state public matter vs. private realm
Scipio (Africanus) Roman general who could match Hannibal skills, Africanus=surname for winning battle of Zama & saved Rome; ended 2nd Punic War
Cato the Elder Senate leader against Carthaginian speeches lead to 3rd Punic War
Second Triumvirate 43-33BC 3 powerful men who ruled the Republic
Who are the 3 men of the Republic in the second triumvirate? Marc Atony, Octavian, Lepidus
Marc Atony managed Ceasars fortuen, gneral, challenged senatorial power, ruled Egypt, was seduced by Cleopatra, married Octavian's sister-Octavia- to keep peace, committed suicide
Actium city off the western coast of Greece where Octavian surrounded Antony & Cleopatra who fled leaving their troops
principate governmental system of Roman Empire founded by Octavian/Augustus
Livy wrote the History of Rome, brought the past to life & emphasized on religion & morality
Tiberius Augustus successor stepson, executed people who insulted Augustus, full of paranoia, had vicious passion with inability to disguise, & sporting house for sexual extravagance
Claudius imbecile ruler subjected to whims of his wives had a powerful connection with family
Caligula irrational ruler wanted to be worshiped as a god & was assassinated
Nero most excessive murder ruler. killing many family members & his personal guard even deserted. Died when he slit his throat
Marcus Aurelius one of the Five Good Emporers political life was shaped by moral philosophy his ideas are written in Medications
Galen physician who used vivisection, saw disease as an imbalance/excess, good health 4 humors
What are the 4 humors 1-blood 2-bile 3-urine 4-phlegm
Arch of Trojan at Benevento celebrated completion of the highway from Rome to the seaport linked with main centers in the east, honoring Trojan's achievements
continuous narrative describe drama on spiral frieze of Trojans column opposed to stimulation action we see in Parthenon frieze
utilitarianism characterizes Roman architecture in general, government & culture. *"greatest good for the greatest number of people"*
Basilica In Roman times applied to large public buildings today it is more likely applied to a large church building
Arch & Vault architectural innovations by Romans that enabled them to cover greater spaces than could post & lintel method=taller enclosed structures
Neoplatonism views based on the ideas of Plato that one should search beyond appearances for true knowledge; stressed abstract reasoning
Cult of Dionysus a mystery cult where men & women celebrated mysteries of god of wine & rebirth by drinking, engaging in sex acts, ritually eating raw flesh of beasts, inducing ecstatic states & often masochism
Isis & Osiris/Serapis Septimius Severus & his wife portrayed themselves as these goddess of fertility changed to Serapis "god of all peoples in common"
Decius 3rd century empire during his reign all imperial residents were to sacrifice to the emperor & get a document showing their compliance led to persecution of Christians
Theodosius forbid the public worship of Roman cults thus Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire
Arianism 4th century Christian heresy that taught that Jesus was not of the same substance as God the father & thus had been created
Council of Nicaea compromised of bishops who resolve Arius's dispute over the nature of Christ in Arianism
Great Mother Cult a fertility cult in which ecstatic states were achieved sometimes by masochistic flogging & self-casteration
Mitharaism particularly attracted military since it advocated self-discipline & courage. The ruins of their temples can be found wherever Roman army traveled
Neoplatonism views based on the ideas of Plato that one should search beyond appearances for true knowledge; stressed abstract reasoning
Cult of Dionysus a mystery cult where men & women celebrated mysteries of god of wine & rebirth by drinking, engaging in sex acts, ritually eating raw flesh of beasts, inducing ecstatic states & often masochism
Isis & Osiris/Serapis Septimius Severus & his wife portrayed themselves as these goddess of fertility changed to Serapis "god of all peoples in common"
Decius 3rd century empire during his reign all imperial residents were to sacrifice to the emperor & get a document showing their compliance led to persecution of Christians
Theodosius forbid the public worship of Roman cults thus Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire
Arianism 4th century Christian heresy that taught that Jesus was not of the same substance as God the father & thus had been created
Council of Nicaea compromised of bishops who resolve Arius's dispute over the nature of Christ in Arianism
Great Mother Cult a fertility cult in which ecstatic states were achieved sometimes by masochistic flogging & self-casteration
Mitharaism particularly attracted military since it advocated self-discipline & courage. The ruins of their temples can be found wherever Roman army traveled
Neoplatonism views based on the ideas of Plato that one should search beyond appearances for true knowledge; stressed abstract reasoning
Cult of Dionysus a mystery cult where men & women celebrated mysteries of god of wine & rebirth by drinking, engaging in sex acts, ritually eating raw flesh of beasts, inducing ecstatic states & often masochism
Isis & Osiris/Serapis Septimius Severus & his wife portrayed themselves as these goddess of fertility changed to Serapis "god of all peoples in common"
Decius 3rd century empire during his reign all imperial residents were to sacrifice to the emperor & get a document showing their compliance led to persecution of Christians
Theodosius forbid the public worship of Roman cults thus Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire
Arianism 4th century Christian heresy that taught that Jesus was not of the same substance as God the father & thus had been created
Council of Nicaea compromised of bishops who resolve Arius's dispute over the nature of Christ in Arianism
Great Mother Cult a fertility cult in which ecstatic states were achieved sometimes by masochistic flogging & self-casteration
Mitharaism particularly attracted military since it advocated self-discipline & courage. The ruins of their temples can be found wherever Roman army traveled
Created by: midnight1854