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Arch Hist 2


Abacus on a classical column, the stone set directly over the capital
Acanthus a plant used as a model for decoration on Corinthian and Composite capitals
Acropolis literally "high city." In Greek city-states, the acropolis was the location of the most important temples and religious shrines
Acroterion (acroterium, acroteria) an upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled roofs in Greek architecture
Agora In Greek cities, the term applied to the area of markets and city government
Anathyrosis recessed part of a stone that was to be place against another stone to keep it from sliding
Anta (p=atae) A pilaster-like thickening of the wall edge or jamb of a wall opening that responds to an adjacent column
Architrave (or epistyle) in classical architecture, the bottom portion of an entablature
Ashalr masonry smooth stone masonry laid so that the joints are visible
Captial in classical architecture the termination of a column, generally given decorative carving.
Caryatid a pier carved in the form of a standing woman and used in place of a column
Calla (or naos) the shrine room in the center of a temple
Choragic monument large, freestanding pedestal that formed the display base for an athletic or choral prize won at an ancient Greek festival.
Chryselephantine overlaid with ivory and gold
Clamp a brace, band, or clasp used for strengthening or holding things together
Classical period c.480-323BC period of greek architecture
Column inclination sloping column usually for optical purposes
Corinthian The order that features acanthus-leaf capitals atop a fluted shaft
Cornice (or geison) The uppermost element of an entablature, which projects beyond the plane of the exterior wall; more generally, the overhanging molding atop any building
Dentils a type of cornice molding composed of rectangular blocks set in a row like teeth; hence the name
Doric The Greek order that has a fluted shaft, no base, and an echinus molding supporting the abacus. Roman Doric columns have a base.
Doric frieze the horizontal element above the architrave and below the cornice in an entablature with metope
Dowel a peg of wood, metal, or plastic without a distinct head, used for holding together components of a structure
Echinus The curved cushion-like molding that, together with the abacus, forms the capital in the Doric order
Engaged columns columns that are integrated into the wall half way
Entablature in classical architecture, the horizontal elements supported by columns, consisting (in ascending sequence) of the architrave, frieze, and cornice
Entasis The slight outward curve of a column, which then tapers toward the top of the shaft
Epistyle (or architrave) in classical architecture, the bottom portion of an entablature
Flute Vertical grooves incised in the shaft of a classical column
Frieze the horizontal element above the architrave and below the cornice in an entablature
Geison (or cornice) the uppermost element of an entablature, which projects beyond the plane of the exterior wall; more generally, the overhanging molding atop any building
Grid plan a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid. In the context of the culture of Ancient Greece, the grid plan is called Hippodamian plan.
Hellenistic period 323-31BC period of Greek architecture
Hippodamos an ancient Greek architect and urban planner is considered to be the “father” of urban planning, the namesake of Hippodamian plan of city layouts (grid plan).
Hypaethral an ancient temple with no roof.
Iktinos (Ictinus) architect of the Partheon
in antis columns columns in the plane of a wall and often between antae
Ionic the order that features volutes in the capital; the shaft is usually fluted
Ionic frieze continuous frieze
Kallikrates architect of the Partheon
Lionhead waterspout a waterspout of roofs in the shape of a lionhead
Metope an element of the Doric frieze, set alternately with triglyphs. panels contain low-relief carvings.
Miletos (Miletus) an ancient city of the Ionian Greeks in the southwestern Asian Minor. a powerful port.
Mnesikles an ancient Athenian architect of the Propylaea, the Periclean gateway to the Athenian Acropolis.
Opisthodomos the room present at the rear of some ancient Greek temples. It was located behind the naos.
Orchestra in a greek theater, the circular floor used ofr dancing
Panathenaic procession procession to the Acropolis during the Panathenaic festival
Pediment The gable end of a temple, framed by cornices
Pergamene capital a typle of unique capital with almost elongated flutes at the top
Pediment the gable end of a temple, framed by cornices
Pergamon (Pergamum) an ancient Greek city in modern-day Turkey, in Mysia
Perikles commissioner of the Partheon
peripteral temple plan temple with columns all around it
Pheidias (Phidias) a Greek sculptor, painter and architect who made the statue of Athena in the Partheon
Post and lintel a simple architrave where a horizontal member (the lintel—or header) is supported by two vertical posts at either end.
Pronaos the vestibule or antechamber to the shrine room (naos) of a Greek temple
Proskenion the area directly in front of the skene in the ancient Greek theater
Prostyle columns (or prostyle plan) a portico of columns on the front of a building
Sima a material rick and dense in silica and magnesia
Skene the background building which connected the platform stage, in which costumes were stored and to which the periaktoi (painted panels serving as the background) were connected.
Stoa in greek architecture, a linear building with one or more rows of columns. Stoas could be used for shops, meetings, or exhibitions
Stylobate the base, usually having steps, on which a colonnaded temple sits
Stylobate curvature curving stylobate for an optical effect
Theatron where the audience of a Greek tragedy sat to view the performance.
Tholos A dome over a circular-plan building, or more generally the building itself
Triglyph a channeled block set between metopes in a Doric frieze
Vitruvius a Roman architect
Volute a decorative spiral found in Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite capitals
Created by: MarieB



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