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Ch.2 Vocab

Ch. 2 Geography Vocab

latitude the location north or south of the equator.
longitde the location east or west of the equator.
parallel the line representing the circle on a map or graph.
meridian a great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface.
degree any of a series of steps or stages, as in a process or course of action, a point in any scale.
minute an exact point in time; instant;moment.
hemisphere one half of the eaarth, divided by the equator into northern and southern halves, or by the 0 degrees and 100 degrees meridians into eastern and western halves.
equator the imaginary line at 0 degrees latitude that divides the earth into to a northern half, the Northern Hemisphere, and he southern half, the Southern Hemisphere.
prime meridian the imaginary line at 0 degrees longitude.
projection the transfer of an imageof a curved surface onto a flat surface.
physical map a general purpose map that shows the natural features of an area.
topography the physical features of the earth's surface and their relationships to ne another in terms of location and elevation.
political map a general purpose map that shows both the topography and recognized boundries of an area.
legend an explanation of a map's symbols and scale.
symbol pictures that epresent what the legend syas.
Tropic of Cancer located at 0 degrees latitude above the equator. It is when the sun is directly over head at noon.
Tropic of Capricorn located at 23degrees30's. Marks the Southernmost where this occurs.
Artic Circle marks the northernmost point where the sun can be seen in the winter.
Antartic Circle marks the southernmost point in which the sun can be seen in the winter.
solstice Happens every year on december 21 and is when the sun never sets south of the Antiartic Circle.
Created by: MadelynI