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Walker Government

US History Unit 3 Government

A document that sets the laws and principles of a government Constitution
Carrying out laws (by a governor, president, mayor, etc…) execute
An alliance of independent states Confederation
Another term for laws ordinance
A period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises Economic depression
The first American Constitution Articles of Confederation
Set up a system of settling the Northwest Territory Land Ordinance of 1785
Set up a government in the Northwest Territory Northwest Ordinance
The branch that passes the laws Legislative branch
The branch that enforces the laws Executive branch
The branch that decides if laws were carried out fairly Judicial branch
When each side gives up some of its demands to reach an agreement Compromise
All states but Rhode Island attended a meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation Constitutional Convention
A Virginian who was very active in the discussions at the convention. James Madison
A delegate from Connecticut who offered the Great Compromise Roger Sherman
A compromise where there would be two houses in the national Congress Great Compromise
A compromise where a percentage of slaves would count towards that state’s representation Three Fifths Compromise
A government where citizens rule themselves through elected representatives Republic
When power is divided between the states and the national government Federalism
Electors from each state that vote for the president every 4 years Electoral college
Each branch of the federal government has a way to control the other two branches Checks and Balances
Proposed laws Bills
When the President rejects a bill veto
Congress can overrule the veto with a 2/3 vote in both houses override
Bringing charges against the President Impeach
Signed in 1215, it limited the powers of English rulers Magna Carta
Set up in 1619 in Virginia, it was an early example of representation House of Burgesses
Stated that all people have natural rights; and the ruler should enforce laws and protect the people John Locke
A belief that people could improve society through the use of reason Enlightenment
To approve a document Ratify
Changing the Constitution Amend
Government must follow the same fair rules in all cases brought to trial Due process
Supporters of the Constitution Federalists
Opponents of the Constitution Anti Federalists
A series of letter that defended the Constitution. Written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay The Federalist Papers
The 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution Bill of Rights