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Chapter 2 human geo

Chapter 2 human geo James M. Rubenstein

agricultural density # of farmers : total amount of suitable land for ag
agricultural revolution we first domensticated animals and relied less on hunting and gathering
arithmetic density total # of ppl / total land area
census a complete pop. count
crude birth rate (CDR) total # of births every year : every 1,000 people alive
crude death rate (CDR) total # of deaths every year : every 1,000 people alive
demographic transition the process in which a society's pop. from high CBR, CDR, & low NIR to low CDR,CBR,& NIR & a higher total pop.
demography the study of pop. characteristics
dependancy ratio # of ppl un 15 & over 65 vs. 15-65 (labor force)
doubling time # of yrs to double a pop.
epidemiologic transition distinctive causes of death each stage of the demographic transition
epidemiology branch of medical science
ecumene the potion of EArth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
industrial revolution improvement in technology that changed manufacturing goods
infant mortality rate (IMR) total # of deaths a yr among babies under 1yr : 1,000 live births
life excpectancy the acg. # of yrs an individual can live
medical revolution medical technology invented by Europe and North America, then given to poorer countries
natural increase rate (NIR) total % of pop. in a year; CBR - CDR = NIR
overpopulation # of ppl > environment compasity
pandemic disease that kills a large group of ppl
physiological density # ppl per unit of arable land
population pyramid a bar graph representing the distribution of pop. by age and sex
sex ratio # males per 100 females
total fertility rate(TFR) avg # of childeren a woman can have
zero population growth (ZPG) a decline of TFR, the NIR = 0
Created by: brookebugg