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Micro Lecture Exam I

Matching Important Compounds

____ Monosaccharides E. Glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose, arabinose, and deoxyribose.
____ Nucleic acids L. Made up of many nucleotides joined together by phosphodiester bonds.
____ Proteins G. Long chain molecules made up of amino acids connected by peptide bonds.
____ Polysaccharides K. Glycogen, cellulose, chitin and starch.
____ Disaccharides I. Lactose, sucrose and maltose
____ Nucleotides A. Used to make high energy compounds, coenzymes and chemical messengers.
____ Phospholipids C. Amphipathic (amphiphilic) molecules associated with cell membranes.
____ Anions J. Negatively charged particle of matter.
____ Quaternary structure D. Two or more polypeptide chains coming together to form a single protein.
____ Triglycerides F. Composed of three fatty acid chains attached to a glycerol "backbone".
____ Mycobacterium Acid-fast bacteria with high levels of mycolic acid in their cell walls. Some are important human pathogens.
Spirochetes Thin spirilla with flexible cell walls and axial filaments or periplasmic flagella.
____ Clostridium Gram positive, endospore-forming soil bacteria that are anaerobic, some are important human pathogens.
____ Bdellovibrio H. Gram negative bacteria that are known to be parasites of other bacteria.
____ Mycoplasma Tiny Gram negative bacteria that have no peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
____ Cyanobacteria B. Oxygenic phototrophic bacteria which were initially thought to be algae.
____ Rhizobium A. Nitrogen "fixing" bacteria which live in root nodules of leguminous plants
____ Streptococcus E. Gram positive, catalase negative, cocci often used in food processing.
____ Chemolithotrophs D. Play an important role in biogeochemical cycles involving iron, sulfur, and nitrogen.
____ Pseudomonas F. Bacteria unique in their ability to use unusual organic compounds for carbon, used in bioremediation.
____ Dermatophytes H. Group of fungi known to be the cause of superficial mycoses.
____ Tinea corporis F. Superficial mycosis sometimes caused by fungi in the genus Epidermophyton.
____ Chromomycosis G. A subcutaneous mycosis caused by various pigmented fungi called black molds.
____ Coccidioides A. Soil fungus which causes San Joaquin Valley fever or desert rheumatism.
____ Cryptococcus C. Genus of yeast-like fungi known to be a pathogen in immunocompromised individuals.
____ Histoplasma B. Pathogenic fungus often associated with soil rich in bird or bat feces.
____ Aspergillus D. Recognized as the source of aflatoxin and sometimes a respiratory pathogen.
____ Amanita E. Fungus known to produce a mycotoxin that sometimes causes fatal intoxication in humans.
____ Chromomycosis E. Subcutaneous infection caused by various fungi known as black molds.
____ Gonyaulax I. Dinoflagellates known to be the cause of paralytic shellfish poisoning.
____ Dermatophytes G. Fungi in the genera Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton.
____ Encephalitis L. May be caused by amoebas that live in soil or hot springs, enter their host via nasal passages.
____ Trypanosoma H. Hemoflagellates recognized as the causative agents of African sleeping sickness.
____ Coccidioides K. Soil fungi which are the causative agents of San Joaquin Valley fever.
____ Candida F. Opportunistic pathogens that may infect the mouth or genital tract, can cause septicemia.
____ Dysentery C. May be caused by specific organisms in the genera Balantidium or Entamoeba.
____ Aspergillus B. Opportunistic respiratory pathogens and source of aflatoxin.
____ Toxoplasma J. Sporozoeans which can cause severe nervous system damage in fetuses.
____ Trichomonas D. Vaginal flagellates that may be acquired through sexual contact or poorly maintained pools and hot tubs
____ Tinea pedis A. A superficial fungal infection (mycosis) associated with the feet.
Created by: righteousRN



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