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Farmers/Populism

U.S. History

QuestionAnswer
economic problems faced by the farmers -prices for crops were falling -good farming land was scarce (price of land increased) -foreclosure -railroads were charging excessive prices for shipping & storage -debt -railroads were the enemy of the farmers
who started Grange? Oliver Hudson Kelley
what is another name for Grange? Patrons of Husbandry
Grange's goal wanted to provide a social outlet & an educational forum for isolated farm families (defended farmers from railroads)
populism a 19th century political movement demanding that people have a greater voice in government & seeking to advance the interests of farmers & laborers (give people more of a voice)
what was the economic platform of populism? -increase the $ supply, & thus an increase in prices received for goods/services -a graduated income tax (more you make the more you pay) -a federal load program (more credit to farmers
what was the government and work week platforms of populisim? -election of U.S. senators by popular vote (direct election of U.S. Senators) -single terms for president & vice-president (only platform that hasn't come true) -a secret ballot to end vote fraud -8 hr workday & restrictions on immigration
the populism platform eventually became the _________ platform Democratic Party's
bimetallism a monetary system in which the government would give citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency or checks (increased the $ supply because it was easier to get $ and/or a loan)
what % of the population of the United States lived in cities in 1900? 40% (4 in 10)
what was the impact of electricity? -made transportation easier (electric street cars like trolleys & subways) -cities grew up, not out (city skyline & 1st skyscraper)
Frederick Olmstead was appart of city planning: he planned urban parks in cities
Daniel Burnham planned how Chicago was built
what was the impact of the printing improvements? -became faster & cheaper -literacy increased -more people read & knew what was going on
what was the impact of the Wright Brothers? -invented the 1st airplane -travel became easier
what was the impact of the photography improvements? film replaced glass plates (became easier & faster)
What were the purposes of education? -economic development depended on scientific & technological support -improved literacy
impact of color of skin on education African-Americans were mostly excluded from public secondary education
describe the change in illiteracy from 1870-1910 illiteracy decreased (literacy increased)
what was the government's view of education & immigrants? education was needed to "Americanize" immigrants (immigrants were encouraged to go to school)
describe the changes in colleges from 1880 to 1920 more classes were offered (the number of people attending college increased)
what was the educational/social views of Brooker T. Washington? -have patience and move slowly -racism would end once blacks aquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society
wat was the educational/social views of W.E.B. DuBois? -fast approach -Niagara Movement: blacks should seek a liberal arts education so the African-American community would have well-educated leaders
Literacy Tests administered in some states to decide who could vote (a reading test); a way to prevent African-Americans from voting
Poll Tax an annual tax that had to be paid before qualifying to vote; a way to prevent African-Americans from voting
Grandfather Clause if your father or grandfather was able to vote before Jan 1, 1867 (slaves couldn’t vote prior to that date) the person could vote even if they failed the literacy test and/or could not pay the poll tax; a way to prevent African-Americans from voting
Jim Crow Laws racial segregation was put into effect in schools, hospitals, parks, & transportation systems in the South; increased racism
segregation increased with the Jim Crow Laws; the separation of people on the basis of race
Plessy vs. Ferguson 1896 Supreme Court ruled the separation of races in public accommodations legal & didn't violate the 14th Amendment; "separate but equal"; whites/blacks were separated but had equal accommodations
main method of killing African-Americans lynching
examples of discrimination northern blacks faced segregated neighborhoods; labor unions discouraged black membership; they were hired as a last resort & were fired before whites were
contributions of Mexican-Americans in the southwest were used to hot, dry climate & so were more apt to building railroads; helped develop mining & agriculture; PROVIDED LABOR
importance of leisure have fun/bring happiness; escape boring work; avoid city congestion; leisure time increased during this time; more free time; more freedom for women
bicycling freed who from the ever-present chaperone women
2 favorite spectator sports boxing and baseball
new technology promoting mass culture was movies, media, and mass printing
Joseph Pulitzer "sin, sex, and sensation"; made the large Sunday edition: comics, sports coverage, and women's news
William Randolph Hearst exagerated stories of personal scandals, cruety, hypnotism, and even an imaginary conquest of Mars
most popular literature dime novels: usually featured adventure stories (stories about the old west)
Mark Twain inspired young authors; wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; 1st famous American novelist and humorist
Marshall Fields 1st department store (located in Chicago)
Woolworth sold goods for less by buying in quantity and limiting personal service (invented the "bargan"); the 1st chain store
Wards/Sears developed catalogues; allowed people living outside the city to buy items that the city people bought
Rural Free Delivery packages could be delivered directly to your home
mass culture messages received by millions (newspapers, magazines)
progressive era a time when the government became more involved in the economy and peoples lives
problems of growth low wages; bad working conditions; lack of civil rights; many poor (few extremely rich)
main belief of progressives make the constitution apply to the country in the 20th century
model progressive state Wisconsin was the 1st to say government needs to be more involved
Bob LaFollette a leading progressive; govenor; senator
Wisconsin Idea state universities need to help the government pass good reforms
Created by: 530848841