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American History*

Political Dictionary p.8 and p.60

AUTOCRACY A government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
OLIGARCHY A government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
UNITARY GOVERNMENT Centralized government.
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Powers of government divided between a central government and several local governments.
DIVISION OF POWERS A division that cant be changed by either local or national level acting alone.
CONFEDERATION Alliance of independent states.
PRESIDENTAL GOVERNMENT Executive and legislative branches are seperate.
PARLIAMENTRY GOVERNMENT The executive is made up of prime minister and officials cabinet. The Parliamentary Relationship is elected from and part of the legislature.
LIMITED GOVERNMENT A concept that was deeply rooted in English belief and practice by the time the first English ships reached the Americas.
REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT A idea that government should serve the will of the people that had also been developing in England for centuries.
MAGNA CARTA The great charter.
PETITION OF RIGHTS Limited the king's power in several ways.
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS Prohibited a standing army in peacetime.
CHARTER A written grant of authority from the king.
BICAMERAL Two house legislature.
PROPRIETARY Three colonies in 1775 that consisted of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Deleware.
UNICAMERAL One housebody
POPULAR SOVERIGNITY Government can exist only with consent of the governed.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Established a firm league of friendship.
RATIFACTION Formal approval.
VIRGINA PLAN Government with 3 seperate branches.
NEW JERSEY PLAN Retained unicameral Congress of the Confederation.
CONNECTICUT COMPROMISE Congress should be composed of 2 houses.
3/5 THS COMPROMISE Three fifths of all other persons should be counted.
COMMERSE& SLAVE TRADE Congress is forbidden to tax export goods from any state.
FEDERALISTS For ratifaction.
ANTIFEDERALISTS Agaisnt ratifaction.
QUORUM Majority.
Created by: cheerpuppyfreak