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The American Journey

"DMS" The American Journey Ch. 3

termsdefinitionsexplanations/sentence
joint-stock-company a company in which investors buy stock in the company in return for a share in its future profits. For example, I might give a company some money (so they can start their company). This makes me an "investor". When and if the company starts to make money, I'll get my money back and more too.
burgesses Elected representatives to an assembly People who were elected to determine the laws (legislation) of a colony.
dissent disagreement with or opposition to an opinion Someone here at school might dissent with the rule that gum cannot be chewed. That means they disagree with the rule.
persecute to treat harshly A lot of Europeans came to America because they were being persecuted, others were mean to them, because of the religious beliefs.
Puritans Protestants who, during the 1600s, wanted to reform the Anglican Church The Puritans wanted to change the Anglican Church because they did not believe what the church taught them.
Separatists Protestants who, during the 1600s, wante to leave the Anglican Church in order to found their own church. The Separatists did not want to change the church like the Puritans, they just wanted to leave the church and start their own.
Pilgrims Separatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for religious purposes. Pilgrims came to America to start their own church.
Mayflower Compact a formal document, writen in 1620, that provided law and order to the Plymouth colony. A list of laws that the Plymouth Colony would obey was called the Mayflower Compact.
toleration patience with others - The Puritans criticized or persecuted people who held other religious views.They showed no toleration. Some colonies showed no toleration (patience) with other people's ideas about religion. Some would not even let other religions be a part of their colony.
patroon landowner in the Dutch colonies who rules like a king over large areas of land A person given a lot of land and that person rules over all of the people who work on his land.
proprietary colony colony run by individuals or group to whom land was granted A proprietary colony was ruled by a person or a group of people who were given the land.
pacifist person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes The Quakers were pacifists because they believed everyone was equal and no problems should be settled with fighting or war.
indentured servant laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America Often a person would because an indentured servant for about 7 years. If someone would pay for his trip to America, he would work for free for 7 years.
constitution a list of fundamental laws to support a government a list of the basic rules of a colony/country/etc.
debtor person or country that owes money If you borrow money from your parents and have not paid them back, you are a debtor.
tenant farmer farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops Tenant farmers did not have enough money to buy their own land, so they used someone else's land to grow food. They paid the land owner money or gave him part of the crop as a payment.
mission religious settlement Many of the early towns in California were started as missions built by missionaries (people teaching religion).
charter a document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area King James I would grant (give)charters to companies to organize settlements/colonies/towns in America.
Created by: tubbsdk
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