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Study aid for PreColumbian Period Test
|How did the earliest indigenous people get to North America?
|by crossing the land bridge between Asia and North America during the second ice age (The Bering Strait Theory)
|Why did early indigenous people cross into the Americas?
|to meet their needs (food, clothing, shelter)
|Which indigenous group established the first major civilization between 250 and 900 C.E.
|Where was the Mayan civilization?
|on the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico and northern Central America
|Name some Mayan accomplishments that show they went beyond their basic needs.
|built pyramids and temples, written language, calendar, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, art
|Which indigenous group mysteriously vanished long before the arrival of Europeans?
|Which indigenous group lived in what is now Mexico City?
|Name some of the Aztec accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs.
|calendar, built pyramids, art, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, written language
|What indigenous group lived in what is now Peru?
|Name some of the Inca accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs.
|a system of roads through the Andes Mountains, brain surgery, mummification, advanced farming methods including terracing
|What are the four major categories of "wants?"
|entertainment, education, improved needs, art
|What are the three factors of production?
|capital resources, natural resources, human resources
|Give an example of a natural resource.
|good climate, fertile soil, anything useful found in the ground such as minerals, forests
|Give an example of capital resources.
|money, property or land
|Give an example of human resources.
|workforce, services (doctors, mechanics, plumbers, lawyers, carpenters, teachers, nurses, etc.)
|What type of economic system did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas use?
|Describe a traditional economic system.
|Each family provides for its own needs and wants. Families generally do the same thing from generation to generation.
|What type of government did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas have?
|monarchy (kings, queens, emperors, etc.)
|Describe a monarchy.
|One person makes all the decisions and his/her children take over when he/she dies.
|What is the name for a body of water that extends into the land?
|bay or gulf
|What is the name for a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water?
|What is the name for a narrow landform that connects two larger landforms?
|What is the name for a land form that is nearly surrounded by water but is still attached to a larger landform?
|What word is used to describe half the earth... usually divided into north/south or east/west?
|What is the name for a simple, man-made object from the past?
|What is the name for the living and non-living things around people that affect how they are able to survive in an area?
|What is the word for a major movement of people from one location to another?
|What is the word for the most advanced stage of human development?
|What is the word for the features of everyday life that are shared by people in a particular location at a particular time?