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PreColumbian Period

Study aid for PreColumbian Period Test

How did the earliest indigenous people get to North America? by crossing the land bridge between Asia and North America during the second ice age (The Bering Strait Theory)
Why did early indigenous people cross into the Americas? to meet their needs (food, clothing, shelter)
Which indigenous group established the first major civilization between 250 and 900 C.E. the Maya
Where was the Mayan civilization? on the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico and northern Central America
Name some Mayan accomplishments that show they went beyond their basic needs. built pyramids and temples, written language, calendar, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, art
Which indigenous group mysteriously vanished long before the arrival of Europeans? the Maya
Which indigenous group lived in what is now Mexico City? Aztecs
Name some of the Aztec accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs. calendar, built pyramids, art, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, written language
What indigenous group lived in what is now Peru? the Incas
Name some of the Inca accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs. a system of roads through the Andes Mountains, brain surgery, mummification, advanced farming methods including terracing
What are the four major categories of "wants?" entertainment, education, improved needs, art
What are the three factors of production? capital resources, natural resources, human resources
Give an example of a natural resource. good climate, fertile soil, anything useful found in the ground such as minerals, forests
Give an example of capital resources. money, property or land
Give an example of human resources. workforce, services (doctors, mechanics, plumbers, lawyers, carpenters, teachers, nurses, etc.)
What type of economic system did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas use? traditional
Describe a traditional economic system. Each family provides for its own needs and wants. Families generally do the same thing from generation to generation.
What type of government did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas have? monarchy (kings, queens, emperors, etc.)
Describe a monarchy. One person makes all the decisions and his/her children take over when he/she dies.
What is the name for a body of water that extends into the land? bay or gulf
What is the name for a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water? strait
What is the name for a narrow landform that connects two larger landforms? isthmus
What is the name for a land form that is nearly surrounded by water but is still attached to a larger landform? peninsula
What word is used to describe half the earth... usually divided into north/south or east/west? hemisphere
What is the name for a simple, man-made object from the past? artifact
What is the name for the living and non-living things around people that affect how they are able to survive in an area? environment
What is the word for a major movement of people from one location to another? migration
What is the word for the most advanced stage of human development? civilization
What is the word for the features of everyday life that are shared by people in a particular location at a particular time? culture
Created by: ekeilen
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