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PreColumbian Period

Study aid for PreColumbian Period Test

QuestionAnswer
How did the earliest indigenous people get to North America? by crossing the land bridge between Asia and North America during the second ice age
Why did early indigenous people cross into the Americas? to meet their needs (food, clothing, shelter)
Which indigenous group established the first major civilization between 250 and 900 C.E. the Maya
Where was the Mayan civilization? on the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico and northern Central America
Name some Mayan accomplishments that show they went beyond their basic needs. built pyramids and temples, written language, calendar, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, art
Which indigenous group mysteriously vanished long before the arrival of Europeans? the Maya
Name the 4 groups of Woodland People from your notes. Iroquois, Algonquin, Huron, Wampanoag
What group of Algonquins were the ones who encountered the English at Jamestown? the Powhawtan
What group of Woodland People were the ones who encountered the Pilgrims at Plymouth? the Wampanoag
What did the Woodland People depend on to meet their needs and wants? the forest and the animals of the forest
Where did the Plains People live? on the large plains of North America
What did the Plains People depend on to meet their needs and wants the buffalo
Where did the Woodland People live? northeastern North America
Where do the Inuits live? northern North America
What did the Inuit depend on to meet their needs and wants? the animals of the Arctic including whales, seals, and fish
Which two indigenous groups lived in the area in and around the Caribbean Sea? Arawak and Carib
Which indigenous group was the first to encounter Europeans during the Age of Exploration? The Arawak
Which two indigenous groups were wiped out either intentionally or accidentally by the Europeans? Arawak and Carib
Which indigenous group lived in what is now Mexico City? Aztecs
Name some of the Aztec accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs. calendar, built pyramids, art, system of mathematics, studied astronomy, played sports, written language
What indigenous group lived in what is now Peru? the Incas
Name some of the Inca accomplishments that show that they went beyond their basic needs. education for boys and girls, a system of roads through the Andes Mountains, surgery, mummification, art, advanced farming methods including terracing, architecture
What are the four major categories of "wants?" entertainment, education, improved needs, art
What are the three factors of production? capital resources, natural resources, human resources
Give an example of a natural resource. good climate, fertile soil, anything useful found in the ground such as minerals, forests
Give an example of capital resources. money, property or land
Give an example of human resources. workforce, services (doctors, mechanics, plumbers, lawyers, carpenters, teachers, nurses, etc.)
What type of economic system did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas use? traditional
Describe a traditional economic system. Each family provides for its own needs and wants. Families generally do the same thing from generation to generation.
What type of government did the preColumbian indigenous people of the Americas have? monarchy (kings, queens, emperors, etc.)
Describe a monarchy. One person makes all the decisions and his/her children take over when he/she dies.
Created by: ekeilen