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FMS 8th Ch 8

Chapter 8

TermDefinition
The leader of the Continental Army, President of the Constitutional Convention and became the first President of the United States. George Washington
Wrote the Declaration of Independence, President Washington's Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson
President Washington's Secretary of Treasury-wanted a national bank Alexander Hamilton
The federal government can take reasonable actions that the Constitution doesn't specifically forbid. Loose Construction/Interpretation
Federal government should only do what the constitution specifically says it can do. Strict Construction/Interpretation
The practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery. Popular Sovereignty
Farmers led by Daniel Shay attacked courthouses and prevented the state from seizing the farms. Showed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. Shay's Rebellion
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to convince colonists that it was time to become independent from Britain Common Sense
Blamed for losing the American Revolution. Lord North
British general who surrendered at Yorktown. Lord Charles Cornwallis
The turning point of the American Revolution as it gave France a reason to enter the war against Britain. Battle of Saratoga
5 colonist were killed when Red Coats fired into a mob of angry colonists-Crispus Attucks: he was one of the first casualty of the American Revolution Boston Massacre
1. Closed Boston Harbor 2. Cancelled the Massachusetts Charter and legislative meetings 3. Moved trials of British Officials to Briton. 4. Made Colonists house British Soldiers (Quartering Act) Intolerable/Coercive Acts
A policy of establishing the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States. Northwest Ordinance
Colonist must provide shelter and supplies to British soldiers. (Came from the Intolerable Acts) Quartering Act
An order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. Proclamation of 1763
An action or decision that later serves as an example. Precendent
King of England during the American Revolution. Issued the Proclamation of 1763 and refused the Olive Branch Petition. George III
What 'Acts' did the Parliament pass in 1774 to punish Massachusetts for the Tea Party? Intolerable Acts Intolerable Acts
Most power held by the states. One branch of government Legistlative Branch had few powers. No executive branch. No judicial branch. No system of checks and balance. Articles of Confederation
Created by: Stoll FMS
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