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FMS 8th Ch 5

U.S. History

TermDefinition
Signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Influenced the writers of the U.S. Constitution. Magna Carta
Protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights. Influenced the writers of the U.S. Constitution. English Bill of Rights
The laws and principles of the government of the United States. U.S. Constitution
Voting rights Suffrage
Most power held by the states. One branch of government Legislative Branch had few powers. No executive branch. No judicial branch. No system of checks and balance. Articles of the Confederation
An official approval Ratification
Surveying and the division of public lands in the Northwest Land Ordinance of 1785
A policy of establishing the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States. Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Lands including present-day Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; organized by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Northwest Territory
A tax on imports or exports. Tariffs
Trade between two or more states. Interstate Commerce
Farmers attacked courthouses and prevented the state from seizing the farms. Showed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. Shays Rebellion
The convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787. Constitional Convention
The practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery. Popular Sovereignty
A system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances
The authority of a government should depend on the consent of the people, as expressed by votes in elections. Consent of the Governed
The sharing of power between the states and the national government Federalism
Is considered the Father of the Constitution James Madison
Anti-Federalist George Mason
A series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, defending the Constitution and the principles on which the government of the United States was founded. Federalist Papers
People opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power to be given to the state governments than to the national government. Anti-Federalists
These were supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government. Federalists
The Supreme Court's power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. (interprets laws) Judicial Branch
The Division of the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws. Legistlative Branch
The division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments; enforces the nation's laws. Executive Branch
Official change or addition to a law or constitution. Amendment
What are the first 10 amendments, added to the Constitution to ensure its ratification, called? Bill of Rights
Created by: Stoll FMS