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FMS 8th Ch 4

U.S. History

TermDefinition
Patrick Henry Anti-federalist -"Give me liberty or give me death"
Battle of Concord Site of the first actual battle of the American Revolution.
King George III The King of England who disbanded the colonial legislatures, taxed the colonies, and refused the Olive Branch Petition leading to the final break with the colonies.
Lord Cornwallis British general who surrendered at Yorktown.
Lord North Blamed for losing the American Revolution.
Common Sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to convince colonists that it was time to become independent from Britain
First Continental Congress Met in Philadelphia. Colonists asked Britain to repeal the Intolerable Acts.
George Washington Patriot leader who was in the Continental Congress and commanded the Continental Army.
Patriots A Colonist that was loyal to the idea of breaking away from the crown.
Continental Army Army created by the Second Continental Congress to defend the American Colonies from Britain.
Minutemen Patriots who were ready to fight at minutes notice.
Redcoats British Soldiers
Second Continental Congress Adopted the Declaration of Independence-Created the Continental Army
Thomas Paine Wrote pamphlets; Common Sense and The Crisis to encourage American independence .
Battle of Lexington The first shots of the American Revolution were fired here.
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence, became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States.
Declaration of Independence Drafted by Thomas Jefferson. Bulk of it lists the grieveness to King George III.
Treaty of Paris 1783 Ended the American Revolution. Two crucial provisions of the treaty were British recognition of U.S. independence and the delineation of boundaries that would allow for American western expansion.
Loyalist A colonist loyal to the English Crown.
Battle of Yorktown The British were defeated by George Washington’s troops signaled the end of the American Revolution. (Cornwallis-British General)
Battle of Saratoga The turning point of the American Revolution as it gave France a reason to enter the war against Britain.
Marquis de Lafayette French officer who helped finance the American Revolution.
Olive Branch Petition Adopted by the Continental Congress in July 1775 in an attempt to avoid a full-blown war with Great Britain. King George III ignored it.
British Advantages The British were well-equipped soldiers and had a large, powerful navy.
Colonists Advantages Colonist were fighting on their own ground, they had soldiers who were fighting for their freedom from Britain(men from colonies, they had George Washington as their leader,they had great determination, & they had food close by.
John Adams American statesman,delegate to the Continetal Congress...defended the British soldiers after the Boston Massacre.
How the Colonists won the American Revolution. Americans were fighting on their Native soil and knew the lay of the land and Americans were fighting for a cause; Liberty-Freedom whereas the British were uncertain as to their own goals.
John Locke In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson drew heavily on the doctrines of this person concerning the general principles of liberty and the rights of man.
Created by: Stoll FMS