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AHSGE Standard 1

Exploration

QuestionAnswer
caravel strong sailing ship
Crusades series of Holy Wars that increased awareness of world beyond Europe
Columbian Exchange cultural diffusion of goods, crops, animals, technology, and culture b/t Old and New Worlds
Ponce de Leon searched for the Fountain of Youth
Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire
plantation large farm that grows a cash crop
Renaissance period of rebirth of learning in Europe
mercantilism theory stating that a country's power is determined by the amount of gold and silver it holds
St. Augustine first permanent European (Spanish) settlement in America
The Lost Colony colony that disappeared from Roanoke
Reformation led by Martin Luther; aimed at reforming the Roman Catholic Church; resulted in Protestantism
Jamestown first English settlement in America
Mayflower Compact signed by people of Jamestown, agreeing to follow laws of the colony; est. rule of law
House of Burgesssess first legislative body in America; laid foundation for representative gov't
Magna Carta signed by King John, limiting kings' power; established idea of limited gov't
Hernando de Soto explored what is now the Southeastern U.S.
triangular trade route trade between Europe, the Americas, and Africa
conquistador Spanish explorer
Martin Luther led the Reformation; nailed 95 Theses to church door
Christopher Columbus in 1492 set sail for India and the Spice Islands but landed in America
indentured servent a person who exchanged years of labor in exchange for passage to the New World
joint-stock company company owned by private investors who share in the profit
astrolabe device used to navigate by the stars
Hernando Cortez conquered the Aztecs
Francisco Coronado searched for the Seven Cities of Gold
Created by: cgerman725
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