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cataract a large or high waterfall
delta the place at the mouth of a river where it splits into several streams to form an area shaped like a triangle
silt rich, fertile soil deposited by the flooding of a river
pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient egypt
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
regent someone who rules for a child until that child is old enough to rule also called a vizier
afterlife the next life, in which the dead are beleived to live again
mummy a dead body preserved in lifelike condition
pyramid a huge building with four sloping outside walls shaped like triangles
hieroglyphics a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas and others stand for sounds
papyrus an early form of paper made from a reedlike plant found in the marshy areas of the nile delta
astronomer in ancient egypt they studied the stars to predict nile floods
akhenaten King of Egypt (1375?-1358?) who rejected the old gods and initiated a monotheistic worship of the sun-god Aton.
alabaster A dense translucent, white or tinted fine-grained gypsum used for statues and ornamental objects
alexandria Arabic, Al-Iskandarîyah. a seaport in N Egypt, in the Nile delta: founded in 332 b.c. by Alexander the Great; ancient center of learning. 2,201,000
amulet small object worn to ward off evil
amun-re egyptian sun god
archaeology the study of bones, tools, structures, and other objects to learn about past peoples and cultures
aswan nile location of one of the worlds largest dams
canopic jars containers which held the heart and other organs found in egyptian tombs
deir-el-bahri funeral temple comlex built by hatshepsut
el amarna city built by akhenaten to worrship the aten
Giza an ancient city capital of upper egypt; site of the great pyramids and the sphinxd
hatshepsut step-mother of thutmose iii; ruled egypt as regent and then as pharaoh; acheived econmic success especialy in trade died c. 1482 BC
herodotus greek author who traveled throughout the known world; wrote about the wars between greece and persia in the History, the first major historical work of ancient times
horus son of osiris and isis portrayed with a hawk-shaped head and human body
howard carter british archaeologist who found king tut's tomb
isis godess of fertility
karnak location of the jubilee temple near ruins of ancient thebes
kerma a market town in present day sudan; an ancient nubian city
khufu (cheops) aka cheops, built the great pyramid
lapis lazuli deep blue mineral used for jewlry and ornaments
limestone the great pyramid was made of large blocks of this sedimentary rock
louvre french museum
lower egypt an area in ancient egypt, in the northern nile river region
lower nubia an ancient region in noorthern africa extending from the nile valley in egypt to present day sudan, specifically, between the first and second nile cataracts
mastaba egyptian tomb made of mud brick, flat roof, and sloping sides
memphis 1st capital of ancient egypt
menes lived c. 2925 bc; founder of the first egyptian dynasty; unified upper and lower egypt; founded the capital of memphis
meroe a city of ancient nubia in present day sudan
middle kingdom the middle time period of the groups of egyptian dynasties
napata one of the three most powerful nubian kingdoms; located between the third and fourth cataracts of the nile river in upper nubia
new kingdom the egyptian period in history that the pharaohs tutankhamen, ramses the great, hatshepsut, and thutmose III rule
Nubia because of its location between egypt and central africa, it was a center for trade
Old Kingdom the earliest time period of the groups of egyptian dynasies
profile the outline or contour of the human face, esp. the face viewed from one side.
Ptolemy any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323–30 b.c.
Rosetta Stone a stone slab, found in 1799 by napoleon's troops near Rosetta, bearing parallel inscriptions in Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphic, and demotic characters, making possible the decipherment of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Saqqara 1st stone pyramid built by pharaoh djoser
Sarcophagus a stone coffin that pharaohs were buried in.
scarab beetle an insect representing rebirth in egyptian art and jewelry
Shawabti a figurine placed in an ancient Egyptian tomb to serve as a slave for the soul or as a substitute for the soul in performing forced labor.
Sphinx a figure of an imaginary creature having the head of a man or an animal and the body of a lion
Suez Canal a canal in NE Egypt, cutting across the Isthmus of Suez and connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. 107 mi. (172 km) long.
Thebes an ancient city in Upper Egypt, on the Nile, whose ruins are located in the modern towns of Karnak and Luxor: a former capital of Egypt.
Thoth the god of wisdom, learning, and magic represented as a man with the head either of an ibis or of a baboon
Thutmose III fl. c1475 b.c., Egyptian ruler: conqueror of the Middle East.
Tutankhamen 14th century b.c., a king of Egypt of the 18th dynasty.
faience glazed earthenware or pottery, esp. a fine variety with highly colored designs.
abu simbel temple featuring 4 giant statues of ramses the great
cartouche oval figure with hieroglyphic symbols that represent the name of an important person
ankh egyptian symbol for eternal life
book of the dead contains prayers, illustrations about behavior of the souls of the dead
cairo capital city of modern egypt
dr. zahi hawass famous egyptian archaeologist; head of supreme council of antiquities
Anubis Egyptian god of mummification and the afterlife
workers and farmers most people belonged to this social class in ancient egypt
land of the dead according to the egyptians religious belief, was located on the western side of the nile
Created by: Jake 97



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