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Gross II LAB NYCC

Zumpano Spring trimester 2010

QuestionAnswer
Triangular space artery circumflex scapular a.
Quadrangular space nerve and artery axillary n. and posterior humeral circumflex a.
Triangular interval nerve and artery radial n. and profunda brachii a.
4 nerves of shoulder axillary, suprascapular, radial, spinal accessory
R.A.S.SA. (let's arm rassa!) Radial - Axillary - Suprascapular - Spinal Accessory
5 arteries of upper shoulder circumflex scapular, posterior humeral circumflex scapular, profunda brachii, suprascapular, superficial branch of transverse cervical artery
Uppity Art: Clyde Says People Hate Cat Plays But Still Snag Big Tickets for CATS Uppper Arteries: Circumflex Scapular, Posterior Humeral Circumflex, Profunda Brachii, Suprascapular, Superficial Branch of Transverse Cervical ArTery
RASSA soothes the nerves Radial, Axillary, Suprascapular, Spinal Accessory
ligament of scapular notch suprascapular ligament or superior transverse scapular ligament
Trapezius origin medial 1/3 superior nuchal line, EOP, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes C7-12
Trapezius insertion lateral one third of clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula to root
Trapezius actions uppers elevate, middles retract, lowers depress, bilateral contraction uppers extends head, ipsilateral contraction laterally flexes head and cervicals
Trapezius innervation Spinal branch of CN XI Accessory for motor, C3 and C4 for proprioreception
Trapezius Spinal LEVELS C3,C4 (primary), Spinal part of CN XI Accessory
Latissimus Dorsi origin thoracolumbar fascia, spinous processes T6-L5, sacrum, iliac crest, lower 3 or 4 ribs
Latissiumus Dorsi insertion floor of intertubercular groove (intertubercular sulcus, bicipital groove)
Latissimus Dorsi action adduction, extension, medial rotation of humerus
Latissimus Dorsi Spinal LEVELS C6, C7 (primary), C8
Latissimus Dorsi innervation ThoracoDorsal n.
Rhomboid Major origin spinous processes T2-T5
Rhomboid Major insertion medial border scapula between spine and inferior angle
Rhomboid Major action retraction of scapula
Rhomboid Major innervation dorsal Scapular n.
Rhomboid Major Spinal LEVELS C4, C5 (primary)
Rhomboid Minor origin spinous processes C7-T1
Rhomboid Minor insertion root of spine of scapula
Rhomboid Minor action retraction of scapula
Rhomboid Minor innervation dorsal Scapular n.
Rhomboid Minor Spinal LEVELS C4, C5 (primary) same as Rhomboid Major
all muscles of shoulder, arm, hand are seen in Netter's flashcards, including origin, insertion, action and innervation. No more muscles listed here except SPINAL LEVELS go buy Netter's flashcards - if you are in my class and you'd like to add the muscles to this stack, email me!
Levator Scapulae spinal LEVELS C3, C4, C5
Deltoideus spinal LEVELS C5 (primary), C6
Supraspinatus spinal LEVELS C4, C5 (primary), C6
INfraspinatus spinal LEVELS C5 (primary), C6
Teres Major spinal LEVELS C5, C6 (primary)
Teres MINOR spinal LEVELS C5 (primary), C6
Subscapularis spinal LEVELS C5, C6 (primary), C7
4 parts of the breast nipple, areola, lactiferous ducts, suspensory ligaments (Cooper's droopers)
Nerves of Pectoral region and breast (2) medial pectoral n. and lateral pectoral n.
3 vessels of Pectoral region and breast Cephalic v., Thoraco-Acromial trunk (artery), Pectoral branches of the thoracoacromial trunk
Pectoralis Major spinal LEVELS C5, C6p, C7p, C8p, T1
Pectoralis MInor spinal LEVELS C6, C7p, C8
Subclavius spinal LEVELS C5, C6
Serratus Anterior spinal LEVELS C5, C6p, C7p
Lateral cord of brachial plexus 3 branches: lateral pectoral n., lateral root of the medial n., musculocutaneous n.
Medial cord of brachial plexus 5 branches: medial pectoral, medial root of median nerve, medial brachial cutaneous, medial antebrachial cutaneous, ulnar
Posterior cord of brachial plexus 5 branches: upper subscapular, thoracodorsal, lower subscapular, radial, axillary
nerve off of the spinal nerve roots long thoracic nerve
nerve between the costals and brachium Intercostobrachial nerve
musculocutaneous nerve lateral cord of brachial plexus
ulnar nerve medial cord of brachial plexus
radial nerve posterior cord of brachial plexus
axillary nerve posterior cord of brachial plexus
lateral pectoral nerve lateral cord of brachial plexus
thoracodorsal nerve posterior cord of brachial plexus
medial pectoral nerve medial cord of brachial plexus
lateral root of the median nerve lateral cord of brachial plexus
lower subscapular nerve posterior cord of brachial plexus
medial brachial cutaneous nerve medial cord of brachial plexus
upper subscapular nerve posterior cord of brachial plexus
medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve medial cord of brachial plexus
lateral cord of brachial plexus (3) lateral pectoral nerve, lateral root of median nerve, musculocutaneous nerve
medial cord of brachial plexus (5) medial pectoral nerve, medial root of median nerve, medial brachial cutaneous nerve, medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve, ulnar nerve
posterior cord of brachial plexus (5) upper subscapular nerve, thoracodorsal nerve, lower subscapular nerve, radial nerve, axillary nerve
nerve off the spinal nerve roots long thoracic n.
nerve between intercostals and brachium intercostobrachial nerve.
Axillary nerve has 6 branches and 2 sub-branches. What cord of the brachial plexus does the axillary nerve come from? posterior cord of brachial plexus
Axillary artery supreme being Supreme or superior thoracic artery (gross III was superior thoracic artery)
Axillary artery farside branch lateral thoracic artery
Axillary artery trunk for acromion and thorax thoracoacromial artery
Axillary artery under the scapula and its two branches Subscapular artery with Thoracodorsal artery and Circumflex scapular artery
Axillary artery running around the back of the humerus Posterior humeral circumflex artery
Axillary artery running around the front of the humerus Anterior humeral circumflex artery
does the axilla have a vein? yes! The Axillary Vein
4 spaces of axilla (borders) anterior, posterior, medial, latera borders of axilla
Describe the surface anatomy of the anterior arm and the cubital fossa Cubital fossa (elbow crease), biceps brachii, deltoid, pectoralis major, anterior axillary fold, triceps brachii, posterior axillary fold
Describe the cutanteous innervations in the anterior arm Upper lateral brachial cutaneous, Intercostobrachial, Medial brachial cutaneous, Lower lateral brachial cutaneous, Medial antebrachial cutaneous, Posterior antebrachial cutaneous, Lateral antebrachial cutaneous
List the cutaneous nerves from C3 - T2 Arm in the counter clockwise direction of the dermatomes: (each nerve may have more than one spinal level, just focus on dermatome for now). There are 8 cutaneous nerves from acromial area (C3/4) to upper antebr. C4:Supraclavicular, C5:Upper lat.brach.cutaneous, C6:Lower lat.brach.cutaneous & Posterior lat.brach.cutaneous & Lateral Antebrachial cutaneous (front only), C1/T8:Posterior brach.cutaneous, T1:Medial brach.cutaneous, T2:intercostobrachial
Describe the cutaneous innervations in the posterior arm Supraclavicular, Upper lateral brachial cutanteous, Intercostobrachial, Posterior brachial cutaneous, Lower lateral brachial cutaneous, posterior antebrachial cutaneous
name of the crests above the humeral epicondyles Medial and Lateral Supracondylar crests
Where are the actual condyles on the anterior humerus? above the radial and coronoid fossae
what is directly below/inferior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus groove for ulnar notch
Name the muscles on anterior arm 3: Biceps brachii, Coracobrachialis, Brachialis(BBC)
Nerve of anterior arm Musculocutaneous
What nerve innervates Biceps brachii? Musculocutaneous (ant.arm)
What nerve innervates Brachialis? Musculocutaneous (ant.arm)
What nerve innervates Coracobrachialis? Musculocutaneous (ant.arm)
Name the muscles on the posterior arm Triceps brachii
Nerve of posterior arm Radial n.
gross function of anterior arm muscles forearm flexion
gross function of posterior arm muscle forearm extension
origin of long head biceps brachii supraglenoid tubercle
origin of short head biceps brachii coraCOID process of scapula
Insertion of biceps brachii radial tuberosity
innervation of biceps brachi Musculocutaneous (BBC)
Spinal levels biceps brachii C6*
actions biceps brachii 3 joint muscle so: flexion at scapula when forerm is supinated and at 90deg., forearm supination when elbow bent past 90deg, forearm pronation when elbow bent past 90deg
In what position must the forearm be in order for bicep brachii to kick in? supination
Created by: hecutler