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American Revolution

American Revolution Vocab

Olive Branch Petition peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord
Green Mountain Boys Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen that made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga
Continental Army army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British
Patriot colonist who favored war against Britain
Loyalist colonist who remained loyal to Britain
Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775, first major battle of the Revolution
blockade the shutting of a port to keep people or suppiles from moving in or out
mercenary soldier who fights merely for pay, often from a foreign country
traitor person who betrays his or her country
Declaration of Independence a 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation
preamble introduction to a declaration, consitution, or other offical document
natural rights rights that belong to all people from birth
Battle of Long Island a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded, or captured
Battle of Trenton a 1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington's troops captured a Hessian encampment
Battle of Saratoga in 1777, the first major American victory in the Revolution
ally nation that works with anothernation for a common purpose
cavalry troops on horseback
Valley Forge Pennslvania site of Washington's Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778
Battle of Cowpens a 1781 battle in South Carolina where Americans won an important victory over the British
guerrilla fighter that uses hit-and-run attacks
siege military blockade or bombardment of an emeny town or position in order to force it to surrender
Battle of Yorktown 1781 American victory in Virginia that forced the British to surrender
Treaty of Paris peace treaty between the Untied States and Britain, ratified in 1783, that recognized the United States as an independent nation
ratify to approve